Calendar overview 737
|Karl Martell rules the Franconian Empire in his own name.||
Fafila becomes the
second king of Asturias .
|737 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||185/186 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1280/81 (southern Buddhism); 1279/80 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||57th (58th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||99/100 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||115/116 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||118/ 119 (January 8./8. // 28/29 December.) / 120|
|Jewish calendar||4497/98 (August 30/31)|
from urbe condita MXD (1490)
Diocletian's era : 453/454 (New Year November)
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1047/48 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1048/49 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||793/794 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- After the death of the Merovingian shadow king Theuderich IV. , The Carolingian caretaker Karl Martell sets his son Childerich III. and lock him in a monastery. Karl Martell subsequently ruled the Franconian Empire in his own name. Only his successors, Karlmann and Pippin the Younger , reinstated a shadow king in 743 .
- In the Battle of the Berre and the Battle of Avignon , Karl Martell defeated Arab troops.
Other events in Europe
- King Ceolwulf of Northumbria resigns and goes to the monastery. Edbert is his successor.
- Theodobald becomes Duke of Alemannia .
- Fafila becomes the second king of Asturias after the death of his father Pelayo .
- After decades of fighting with the Khazars in the Caucasus region , the Muslims succeed in advancing as far as the Volga and establishing a lasting peace.
First documentary mentions
- First written mention of Eichstetten am Kaiserstuhl
Religion and science
- Reginfrid becomes Archbishop of Cologne as the successor to Alduin.
- Abbot Wigbert von Fritzlar also becomes abbot in the Ohrdruf monastery .
- A madrasa is founded in Tunis , and teaching continues to this day. Today, like the mosque that was built five years later, it bears the name of Ez-Zitouna University .
- End of a smallpox epidemic that wiped out a third of Japan's population
Date of death secured
- April 25th : Ermin , Abbot Bishop of Lobbes
- September 3 : Fujiwara no Umakai , Japanese statesman and poet (* 694 )
Exact date of death unknown
- between March 16 and April 30: Theuderic IV. , Merovingian shadow king in the Franconian Empire (* after 711)
- Flobrigis , bishop in Salzburg and abbot of the St. Peter monastery
- Forthhere , Bishop of Sherborne
- Pelayo , legendary founder and first king of Asturias
Died around 737
- Orso Ipato , Doge of Venice