Burgadelzhausen Castle Stables
|Burgadelzhausen Castle Stables|
The east side of the main castle to the south
|Creation time :||around 1000|
|Castle type :||Höhenburg, spur location|
|Place:||Adelzhausen - Burgadelzhausen|
The Postal Burgadelzhausen denotes a Outbound Spur castle on a 500 meter high hill above the spur Adelzhausener district Burgadelzhausen in Aichach-Friedberg in Bavarian Swabia . The medium-sized ramparts are interpreted as being from the Hungarian period (after 900) because of their construction .
The Burgplatz was probably inhabited as early as the Bronze Age (archaeological finds). Only about 150 meters away are the flattened remains of a late Celtic square hill in the forest ( Viereckschanze Burgadelzhausen ).
There are no documents whatsoever about the history of the castle complex. Because of the impressive ramparts, around six to eight meters high, and the upstream ditches, some four to five meters deep, the system is interpreted as an early medieval Hungarian fortress . Stone extensions could not be proven, which is to be assessed as a further indication for this classification. The size and layout of the castle also speak against its interpretation as a manor. The narrow outer bailey seems to have been created only as a gate security.
The castle stables are, however, one of the smaller alleged Hungarian defensive castles, in the wider area there are much larger ramparts from this period, such as the Haldenburg near Schwabmünchen or the Wagesenberg ski jump near Pöttmes . The Wallburg seems to have been given up after the defeat of the Hungarians after the battle on the Lechfeld (955). Comparable smaller protective castles have been built in the vicinity u. a. at Haberskirch ( ring wall in Kirchholz (Haberskirch) ) Friedberg ), Mering ( Vorderer Schlossberg (Mering) , Kissing ( ring wall in Ottmaringer wood ) and Walleshausen .
In the early Middle Ages, the East Franconian Empire was destabilized by numerous feuds between the nobility and power struggles. Some of the ramparts mentioned could therefore have been built primarily as a reaction to such regional conflicts. The classification of these objects as Hungarian fortresses is therefore speculative and is mostly based on typological features. What is striking, however, is the accumulation of such small to medium-sized ramparts around the - not yet precisely localized - scene of the battle on the Lechfeld .
The chronicler Widukind von Corvey reports of numerous smaller ramparts on the eastern side of the Lech, from which the fleeing Hungarians are said to have been killed after the lost battle. The chronicler is generally regarded as an unreliable source. His statements about the course of the battle are confirmed by the numerous early medieval monuments on the Lechrain and its hinterland.
The oval main castle is protected in the west by a crescent-shaped outer bailey (about 50 by 150 meters). The steep north side is secured by a shallow slope trench or a berm; to the east, a trench and an edge wall are in front of the main wall. Here the wall system is still around 15 meters high. The earth walls of the main and the outer bailey were probably only reinforced by palisades , the deep ditches and steep embankments nevertheless offered good protection from the eastern cavalry warriors. The rampart of the outer bailey is about four to five meters high, here the trench depths are between three and four meters. However, this fortification system is today with dense undergrowth and is difficult to walk on. A gap in the wall marks the entrance to the outer bailey, the main gate was about 100 meters further south of the inner bailey.
The plateau of the main castle (about 70 by 90 meters) is encircled by a rim wall - preserved at different heights - in the east a rectangular pit may mark the location of a building. The two driveways in the north are of modern origin.
The Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation lists the ground monument as a medieval castle stable under monument number D 7-7632-0017.
- 1200 years of Adelzhausen (782–1982): Contributions to the past and present . Adelzhausen 1982.
- Helmut Rischert: Castle stables in the Aichach-Friedberg district (local history contributions from the Augsburg area, 1st row), Augsburg 1975.
- Georg Paula , Christian Bollacher: Aichach-Friedberg district (= Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation [Hrsg.]: Monuments in Bavaria . Volume VII.87 ). Karl M. Lipp Verlag, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-87490-591-6 , p. 13 .
- Medieval fortifications and castle stables in the Aichach-Friedberg district . In: Altbayern in Schwaben - Aichach-Friedberg district 1984–1987. Aichach 1987,
- Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation: Entry