At the age of ten, Baker received a trombone from his father, who was a guitarist . Young Chet traded it for a trumpet. He was able to play simple swing melodies within a very short time and learned to improvise as an autodidact . His special ability was to grasp harmonic relationships quickly and to play around harmonic specifications melodically. Baker has composed little in his life.
First he played in the school orchestra, then at public dance events. In 1946 he enlisted in the military and joined the 298th Army Band in Berlin. In 1948 it was retired. He studied theory and harmony at El Camino College in Los Angeles, and played in clubs in the evenings. In 1950 he rejoined the army and became a member of the 6th Army Band in the Presidio in San Francisco. Then he asked for his release and decided to become a professional jazz musician.
In the spring of 1952 he became a trumpeter in Charlie Parker's band . Baker became famous as a trumpeter in the piano-less quartet of Gerry Mulligan , who played in The Haig in Los Angeles . The single My Funny Valentine , released on Fantasy Records in 1952 , became a hit and from then on it was a kind of signature for Baker, which he played over and over again in countless variations until the end of his life. Baker is often referred to as a representative of this style , also because of his association with Mulligan, who, alongside Lennie Tristano, is the leading figure in cool jazz . His recordings prove his great versatility in many styles of jazz.
When Mulligan went to prison for a drug offense in the spring of 1953, Baker formed his own quartet with pianist Russ Freeman (also with Bob Neel , Carson Smith ). Protected by the owner of the record company Pacific Jazz , Richard "Dick" Bock , who sensed a source of money in Baker, numerous recordings of varying quality were made. Baker became a superstar - perfectly staged by photographer William Claxton thanks to his looks and his resemblance to James Dean - and in surveys left jazz greats like Dizzy Gillespie , Miles Davis and Clifford Brown behind. It was around that time, however, that his addiction to heroin began and would last until his death. In 1955 Freeman left the quartet. Baker hired the talented pianist Dick Twardzik , who was also addicted to heroin , and went on tour to Europe. Baker made a number of outstanding recordings for Eddie Barclay in Paris. However, the successes were overshadowed in October 1955 by Twardzik's death as a result of a heroin overdose.
1956 Baker returned to the USA. After a few more recordings for Pacific Jazz, including sessions with Art Pepper and again with Russ Freeman, he switched to the Riverside label , for which he recorded three records. After being arrested for drug possession in 1959, Baker went to Italy , but he was also arrested there for falsifying prescriptions and spent a year and a half in prison.
Immediately after his release in 1962 (he was still on rehab) he made one of his best records to date for RCA Italia, Chet Is Back! Before the record hit stores, Baker fell into the habit again. In the mid-1960s he switched from the trumpet to the flugelhorn for a short time. In 1964 he was arrested for the second time in Germany for a drug offense and expelled to the USA.
There he made hardbop recordings with saxophonist George Coleman for the Prestige label in 1965 , which were released on five LPs over the course of the following two years. After that, Baker took on a number of commercial easy listening and mariachi records for Dick Bock's new label World Pacific with the formation The Mariachi Brass .
In the summer of 1966, he was the victim of a brawl in San Francisco that damaged his teeth. Despite the resulting impairments, he made a comeback at the end of the 1960s with the help of Dizzy Gillespie.
Between 1974 and 1977 he made a number of recordings, including some with Paul Desmond - including a re-encounter with Gerry Mulligan, in which the young guitarist John Scofield took part. In the late 1970s he played in a quartet with Phil Markowitz and Jeff Brillinger and in a trio with Philip Catherine and Jean-Louis Rassinfosse . In 1979 the collaboration with the German vibraphonist Wolfgang Lackerschmid and the recordings for the joint album Ballads for Two began .
1987 followed the Japan tour with Harold Danko , Hein van de Geyn and John Engels , during which the live album Chet Baker was created in Tokyo . Two weeks before his death, Baker recorded a posthumously titled Last Great Concert with the NDR Bigband and the Hanover Radio Orchestra .
Baker had started mixing heroin with cocaine ( speedball ) and amphetamines. On May 13, 1988, he fell out of the window of his room in the Prins Hendrik Hotel in Amsterdam . He was buried in Inglewood Park Cemetery (Elm Lot , Division C, Number 152) in Los Angeles .
- 1952–53: The Original Chet Baker & Gerry Mulligan Quartet: Complete Recordings (Definitive, 4 CD)
- 1952: Complete 1952 Fantasy & Pacific Jazz Sessions (Definitive, 2002)
- 1954: Jazz at Ann Arbor (Pacific Jazz)
- 1954: Chet Baker Sings
- 1954: Chet Baker & Strings (Columbia / Sony) (also published under the title Love Walked In )
- 1955: Sings & Plays with Bud Shank , Russ Freeman and Strings (Pacific Jazz / EMI)
- 1955: Chet Baker Quartet Featuring Dick Twardzik (Barclay / Universal)
- 1956: Quartet: Russ Freeman & Chet Baker (Pacific Jazz / EMI)
- 1956: Chet Baker & Art Pepper - Playboys (Pacific Jazz / EMI) (also published under the title Picture of Heath )
- 1959: Chet (Riverside / OJC)
- 1959: Chet Baker & Bill Evans
- 1962: Chet Is Back! (RCA / BMG) (also published under the titles The Italian Sessions and Somewhere Over the Rainbow )
- 1967: Boppin 'with the Chet Baker Quintet (Prestige / OJC)
- 1974: She Was Too Good to Me (CTI / Sony)
- 1975: Jim Hall - Concierto (CTI / Sony)
- 1977: You Can't Go Home Again (A&M)
- 1977: The Best Thing for You (A&M)
- 1978: Broken Wing (Sonopresse / Universal)
- 1978: Live at Nick’s (Criss Cross)
- 1979: The Touch of Your Lips (SteepleChase)
- 1979: Ballads for Two (Sandra), with Wolfgang Lackerschmid
- 1980: No Problem (SteepleChase)
- 1982: Peace (Enja)
- 1983: Stan Getz & Chet Baker - The Stockholm Concerts (Verve)
- 1985: Chet Baker & Paul Bley - Diane (SteepleChase)
- 1985: Chet's Choice (Criss Cross)
- 1986: As Time Goes By (Timeless)
- 1986: Chet In Chicago (Enja)
- 1987: Chet Baker in Tokyo (King / Evidence, 2 CD)
- 1988: The Last Great Concert: My Favorite Songs Vol. I & II (Enja, 2 CD)
- 1990: Silent Nights (DE: goldin the German Jazz Award )
- 1990: The Best Of Chet Baker Sings (UK:silver)
- 2009: Chet in Chicago: The Legacy Vol. 5
- 2013: Early Chet: Chet Baker in Germany 1955–1959
- The Complete Pacific Jazz and Capitol Recordings of the Original Gerry Mulligan Quartett and Tentette with Chet Baker - (1952-53) - ( Mosaic - 1983) - 5 LPs or 3 CDs with Red Mitchell , Chico Hamilton , Jimmy Rowles , Joe Mondragon , Bobby Whitlock , Carson Smith , Larry Bunker , Pete Candoli , Bob Enevoldsen , John Graas , Bud Shank , Lee Konitz
- The Complete Pacific Jazz Live Recordings of the Chet Baker Quartet with Russ Freeman (1954) - ( Mosaic 1986) - 4 LPs with Carson Smith , Bob Neel dm
- Chet Baker - Milestones Of A Jazz Legend , 10 CD, Remastered Box Set, Compilation include 17 Originals 1953 - 1962 - (The Intense Media - 600269, Documents - 600269 - 2015)
Documentaries and feature films
- (1955) Hell's Horizon , by Tom Gries : actor
- (1959) Audace colpo dei soliti ignoti , by Nanni Loy : Music
- (1960) Howlers in the Dock , by Lucio Fulci : actor
- (1963) Ore rubate ["stolen hours"], by Daniel Petrie : Music
- (1963) Tromba Fredda , by Enzo Nasso: actors and music
- (1963) Le concerto de la peur , by José Bénazéraf : Music
- (1964) L'enfer dans la peau , by José Bénazéraf : Music
- (1964) Nudi per vivere , by Elio Petri , Giuliano Montaldo and Giulio Questi : Music
- (1988) Chet's Romance , directed by Bertrand Fèvre : Award-winning short film with interviews.
- (1988) Let's Get Lost , directed by Bruce Weber : a film portrait, with interviews with Chet, family members and a few musicians (as well as William Claxton , Richard Bock ), concert and various film clips.
- (1990) Chet Baker: The Last Days : Dutch documentary with interviews and concert recordings.
- (2006) Chet Baker: Live in '64 & '79 : A Belgian TV production from 1964 and a Norwegian concert recording from 1979 including an interview, published on "Jazzicons".
- (2015) Born to be Blue , directed by Robert Budreau , with Ethan Hawke as Chet Baker.
- Chet Baker: Like I had wings - lost memories. Hannibal 1998 (Ed. Carol Baker), ISBN 978-3854451617 .
- English original: As Though I Had Wings: The Lost Memoir. St Martins Press, 1997.
- Jeroen de Valk : Chet Baker: His Life and Music. Soesterberg, Uitgeverij aspect 2017; ISBN 9789463381987 (2nd, completely revised edition; German translation of an older edition under the title Chet Baker: His life, his music, his records at Oreos)
- Lothar Lewien: Chet Baker-Blue Notes - Angels with broken wings. Hannibal 2002.
- James Gavin: Deep in a Dream: The Long Night of Chet Baker. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002.
- Matthew Ruddick: Funny Valentine: The Story of Chet Baker. Melrose Books, 2012.
- Bill Moody : Looking for Chet Baker (novel / Looking for Chet Baker , 2002), translation by Anke Caroline Burger; Unionsverlag, Zurich 2004. ISBN 3-293-00330-3 .
- In the novel 1965 - Rue de Grenelle by JR Bechtle, a concert by Chet Baker in a Paris club plays an important role.
- In Search of Chet Baker - Based on the novel by Bill Moody - Produced by NDR 2016 - Adapted and directed by Wolfgang Seesko
- Literature by and about Chet Baker in the catalog of the German National Library
- www.jazzdisco.org extensive discography with all recording sessions
- chetbakertribute.com Annotated extensive selection discography
- www.herrenzimmer.de Archi Bechlenberg: Memories of Chet Baker on the occasion of his 80th birthday from Knut Kiesewetter, Lothar Lewien, Lothar Lackerschmid, Toots Thielemans and others
- www.herrenzimmer.de Archi Bechlenberg: Chet Baker: Death in Amsterdam
- www.gokudo.co.jp Documentation of the cover art with discographic information
- Chet Baker at Discogs (English)
- Chet Baker | Biography & History. Retrieved July 13, 2020 (American English).
- mubi.com: Chet Baker
- Richard Twardzik | Biography & History. Retrieved July 13, 2020 (American English).
- The Mariachi Brass. Retrieved July 13, 2020 .
- Chet Baker & Wolfgang Lackerschmid: Ballads For Two (CD) - jpc. Retrieved October 7, 2019 .
- Bayerischer Rundfunk: April 28, 1988: Chet Baker records "The Last Great Concert" | BR classic. Retrieved July 13, 2020 .
- Jon Pareles: Chet Baker, Jazz Trumpeter, Dies at 59 in a Fall . In: The New York Times . May 14, 1988, ISSN 0362-4331 ( nytimes.com [accessed July 13, 2020]).
- Chet Baker in the Find a Grave database . Retrieved September 7, 2017.
- Awards for Music Sales: UK DE
- JR Bechtle: 1965 - Rue de Grenelle . Frankfurter Verlagsanstalt, Frankfurt am Main 2015, ISBN 978-3-627-00217-6 .
- CHET - Reinhard Mey. Retrieved July 13, 2020 (Spanish).
- Who Killed Chet Baker & quest; von Rausch - laut.de - Song. Retrieved July 13, 2020 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Baker, Chesney Henry Jr. (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American jazz musician, singer and composer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 23, 1929|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Yale , Oklahoma|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 13, 1988|
|Place of death||Amsterdam|