Corps Hannovera Hannover
The Corps Hannovera is a corps in the Weinheim Seniors' Convent (WSC). It was founded on April 14, 1866 as the so-called Blase Germania and immediately chose the motto, which is still valid today, “The chest of friends, the forehead of enemies” . Today there are about 20 active members and about 180 old men in the Corps Hannovera . The Corps is based on two associations: A non-profit association (GHH) maintains the student living space and the lunch table, the Vereinigung Alter Herren des Corps Hannovera e. V. (AHV) finances the corps operation.
The members of the former Corps Neo-Franconia zu Breslau and Corps Ostfalia zu Hannover - both of which have merged into the Corps Hannovera - also wear their own ribbons. Neo-Franconia has the colors red-gold-blue on silver-gray and Ostfalia has the colors blue-white-orange . The articles of association stipulate that the Corps Hannovera will continue to cultivate the traditions of the connections it has established. Therefore, the senior wears all three ribbons at official events.
The coat of arms , inaugurated on June 29, 1867, is divided into four fields with a field in the middle on which the clover leaf from the coat of arms of the city of Hanover and the circle of the Hanovera is located. On the other fields are the Prussian eagle , the German oak , the colors of the Hannovera and a pair of crossed clubs in a wreath with the date of foundation. It contains the motto and the slogan: Hannovera be the banner !
The corps has two compulsory roles: a fox game and a boys game. These are usually held in the Hannoversche Waffenring . Because of a dispute about the cheek leather in Hanover (high comment and ad tempo), games were also fought in Braunschweig (low comment change tempo).
A black , satisfaction-giving bubble Germania was founded by the Germania student community in Hanover. In 1886 the students of the Polytechnic School Behnke W., Gerstenkorn J., Rommel G., Meyer H. and Meyer F. decided not to join an existing bubble, but to found a new one. Before it was founded, Flügge, Lauenstein and Wilhelms joined them. At that time, the members of the association only wore black, red and gold ribbons, beer tips and black strikers to bars . The public wearing of paints and weapons was refused. Claims on heavy sabers were partially accepted. Determination gauges were unusual, but the participation of active members was mandatory from October 13, 1867. In the year it was founded, the name Hannovera and the colors of the North German Confederation (black-white-red) were adopted, the order of which was changed at a time that has not been passed down. The Hannovera joined the Academic Association on June 22, 1874, to which the Hanoverian Corps and Landsmannschaften also belonged. On December 9, 1875, the Hannovera was recognized by the Polytechnic School and the statutes approved. As a bubble, questions such as wearing colors, purchasing your own weapons and the question of satisfaction or honoring trade were convention topics. The wearing of colors was rejected several times in order to uphold one's own principles. Together with seven other black associations, the Fulda Representative Convent (FVC) was founded on January 10, 1885, which represented a higher-level association of like-minded associations. In the winter semester of 1888, weapons were purchased to keep fencing going.
Due to a conflict of interest, the Aktivitas and the old rulers of the Hannovera split up and the neo-Hannovera connection, which is colored and exposed, was founded. The point of conflict was the wearing of colors. In 1892, Aktivitas saw itself as increasingly marginalized as a wild animal. “So we see the Hannovera at the beginning of the second half of the 1980s, pushed back by the power of circumstances from the leadership and out of the wild into an isolated position; its main principle has become irrelevant ”(Chronicle of Neo-Hannovera) and wanted to increase the reputation at the technical university. The Neo-Hannovera received recognition from the Rector and Senate of the Technical University on November 11th, after the FVC connection Hannovera was declared temporarily suspended. 21 of the 96 old men converted to Neo-Hannovera. Inventory, weapons and cash register remained with Hannovera and both circles and coats of arms were not allowed to be accepted and were therefore taken over with minor changes. The colors were allowed to continue the Neo-Hannovera and funds were awarded for the procurement of a new measuring instrument. Cruelest Vollwichs (which was later dyed black) with berets were purchased in the SS 1892. At this time the matriculation principle was introduced. Until 1894, the Neo-Hannovera had to be supported by external connections, including the Berolina. Up to this point in time only contractors were held and the Neo-Hannovera pushed for the introduction of determination mensuras. Disputes were fought as pp suites or chase and had to be resolved within eight days.
On the occasion of Otto von Bismarck's 80th birthday in 1895, the Neo-Hannovera, with 25 members, was also among 6,000 students and rectors of the 29 German universities at the time, taking part in the student body's homage to Friedrichsruh . As a representative of the technical university and chairman of the student committee, the inactive member Schweibel was invited to the table at Bismarck.
As a renounced corps, Neo-Hannovera entered the Hanover Senior Citizens' Convention (HSC) on June 30, 1898. On the same day, Neo-Hannovera in Weinheim was unanimously accepted as a corps in the Corps Association Weinheim Senior Citizens' Convention (WSC). This resulted in several changes and adjustments, for example the introduction of the life covenant principle . Since the winter semester 1900/01, red pekeschen have been worn with the red hats introduced in 1895 with black and white stripes for boys and with red and white stripes for foxes. On January 14, 1901, the decision was made to buy a house in the street "Am Taubenfelde". On April 19, 1901, the house was acquired and rebuilt, in February 1902 it was ready for occupancy and remained the house of the Corps Hannovera until the Second World War .
At the request of the Hannovera, determination of the individual FVC connections was made possible and became a habit. The Corps bought its own fraternity house in Hausmannstrasse in 1898. After the FVC was dissolved in 1902, the Mündener Representative Convent (MVC) was founded the following year , to which in 1904 eight other fraternities belonged in addition to the Hannovera MVC connection. At that time, the Hannovera purchased black full wigs with berets. Since the First World War , the Hannovera was the only black connection at the University of Hanover.
After the First World War, in which the majority of the members died, the fact that the Hannovera was the only black connection in Hanover led to correspondence at the front, discussions and meetings leading to a reunification with the Neo-Hannovera. May 31, 1919 is the date of the reunification of the connection Hannovera and the Corps Neo-Hannovera to the Corps Hannovera . The WSC advocated that the Hannovera should merge into the Neo-Hannovera as Corps Hannovera. The chronicle of the WSC 1927 says the following: “The old Hanovera did not achieve its initial goal of unifying the wilderness, but in another way, by joining the stronger association of the SC, it was an important building block for the unification of the core of the student body ... " . The house on Hausmannstrasse was sold.
In 1919 the CC of the Hannovera joined the temporary volunteer battalion 1 of the Technical University, which assisted the Reichswehr Brigade in Hanover and was tactically subordinate to it. They armed to ensure "peace and order" in Hanover, were called upon to perform work in the railway company during the railway strike and intervened in the Kapp Putsch . Shortly before Easter, the CC of the Hannovera provided the 2nd and 3rd platoons of a company from the HSC of the Maercker Freikorps under the leadership of its member Schröder, which was involved in the suppression of the Ruhr uprising.
After 1934, the National Socialists' striving for totalitarianism towards weapons students became noticeable, which led to disputes with the National Socialist German Student Union and the corporations. In the Corps Hannovera, for example, the leadership principle and military sport were introduced without significant resistance. In November, approval for a roommate was granted. The striving for sole rule of the NSDStB and the problem that connections could only carry out the disputes about the disagreed umbrella organizations led the Corps Hannovera to continue working with the student union. On October 16, 1935 , the CC decided to make the Aktivitas des Corps Hannovera available to the National Socialist German Student Union (NSDStB) (the AHC confirmed this on October 18, provided that the WSC is dissolved). After the dissolution of the WSC on October 20th, the house of the Comradeship Hannovera was made available. However, the AHV remained in place. In addition to the Germania fraternity and the Tuisco gymnastics association, the Corps Hannovera was one of the few leagues in Hanover in the winter semester of 1935/36 that had not given up, dissolved or suspended. The relationship with the NSDStB was characterized by tensions, especially when on February 24, 1936, all comradeships of former strong connections were to be dissolved by order of the Reich student leadership. In the winter semester of 1936/37 the comradeship was dissolved, active activities and fencing became almost impossible. The preservation of active operations and the cohesion with the old rulers were redefined in the summer of 1937 and the Comradeship VIII was again recognized and approved by the Reichsstudentenführung. Bat and heavy saber games were forbidden, and so honorable deals were carried out on light sabers and pistols. The cooperation between the comradeship and the NSDStB improved, and the chairman of the AHV was assured that couleur could be worn again at traditional celebrations. Non-Aryan members had to “voluntarily” withdraw from the comradeship and the AHV. The friendship with them remained throughout the Nazi period. Some members resigned. In 1938 the house was made available on loan to the student union for an indefinite period, and the comradeship took over the leadership of the comradeship IX (traditional bearers of the Corps Saxonia, Slesvico-Holsatia and Ostfalia on the comradeship house of the dissolved Corps Slesvico-Holsatia ). By taking on positions in the student leadership at the Technical University of Hanover, the framework conditions for active operations could be partially improved. But at this point in time, the influence of the Nazi regime at the university and in the comradeship was considerable: the active wore field gray at the events, black corners were exchanged without circles, etc. 37 comrades were drafted at the beginning of the war.
Comradeship Werner von Siemens
In 1940 the renaming was approved by the Reichsstudentenführung. At a ceremony held by the rector, the representative of the Reich student leadership presented the comrade leader with a certificate to this effect on February 25, 1940.
The AHV was renamed the old man Werner von Siemens , which was dissolved on March 20, 1943 and transferred to the NS-Altherrenbund. Due to the introduced house interest tax , the house had to be transferred to the NSDStB. The house was increasingly damaged and on March 25, 1945 completely destroyed by a direct hit in the air mine . Active operations came to a standstill in the winter semester of 1944/45.
After the Second World War
All associations had been dissolved by the military government, which were only given the opportunity to re-establish with the British Military Government Ordinance No. 122 issued on January 15, 1948. Since March 3, 1948, with the help of the university officer Carter, the approval for the corporation under the name of the University Club Hannover could be obtained by the active members. The old house was rebuilt on a single floor on the property provided by the university and inaugurated on December 17, 1949. Before the HSC and WSC were re-founded by the Hannovera, the goals of the Hannovera were discussed controversially (because of the influences from the Nazi and occupation times) with the former Aktivitas and Inaktivitas. The old rulers stipulated that the Hannovera can only aim to be a colored, beating corps. By wearing couleur (first band then also hat), renaming the BC to CC and kettling with the bat, on November 3, 1950 the University Club Hannover became the University Club Hannovera. On February 22, 1952, the Rector and Senate approved the application to be called Corps Hannovera again. In 1954 the construction of a new house at Theodorstrasse 17 began, which was completed on December 10, 1955. The reputation of the Corps Hannovera had risen again by 1955 with the Rector, Senate and fellow students. For a long time, the active members of the Hannovera held high positions in the student self-administration, the student chamber and were involved in the formation of student committees to which they were elected by fellow students. The version of the statutes for the University Club Hanover approved by the British university officer in 1948 was revised in 1959 and approved by the Rector of the Technical University. In 1962 the unconditional satisfaction with the weapon was abolished.
In 1997 a working group was founded by a resolution at the ACC, which was supposed to discuss all the traditions and values of the Corps Hannovera under the leadership of a professional, external moderator who was initially not positive towards the student associations. In particular, questions such as the admission of technical college students or women and the abolition of the scale were critically discussed between the lads who were seconded from Aktivitas, the old men and the moderator himself. The Corps Hannovera decided to continue the values set out in the statutes and to maintain tradition with the restriction that the women and children of corps brothers should be more deeply integrated into the life of the corps. This was expressed with a celebration of the foundation festival on the Wachenburg with a comprehensive supporting program with women and children.
The Corps Hannovera founded the connection between Brunonia and Braunschweig in 1878 . Later this connection became a gymnastics club . The Corps Berolina Berlin was founded in 1886 .
Corps Ostfalia Hanover
In 1987 the Corps Ostfalia Hannover was opened in Hannovera. Ostfalia was founded on June 14, 1869 at what was then the Polytechnic in Hanover as a Landsmannschaft and belonged together with the Landsmannschaft Obotritia, Vandalia and Guestphalia to the German Landsmannschafter Convent (DLC). On May 16, 1876, it was converted into an exposed color-bearing compound. On October 6, 1877, the corps declaration took place and on October 18, the accession to the SC in Hanover, with which there was previously a paucity, took place.
After the suspension in the Nazi era, Ostfalia was reconstituted on January 28, 1953 with the support of the Hannovera.
- Rolf Anselm (* 1942), civil engineer, professor at the University of Bremen
- Paul Ehlers (1854–1934), hydraulic engineer
- Klaus Elgeti (* 1934), process engineer, adjunct professor for thermodynamics and process engineering at RWTH Aachen University (1972–1994)
- Richard Fischer (1870–1928), architect
- Franz Frese (1850–1932), professor of mechanical engineering, rector of the Technical University in Hanover
- Gustav Glunz (1910–1982), engineer and ministerial official, co-founder of the European air traffic control authority Eurocontrol
- Robert Gürschner (1857 – after 1927), civil engineer
- Carl Hagemann (1867–1940), chemist, board member of IG Farben, art patron
- Wilhelm Heinrich (1882–1944), master builder, director and board member of AG Ruhr-Lippe-Kleinbahnen
- Wilhelm Krüger (1871–1940), hydraulic engineer, port construction director in Wilhelmshaven
- Heinrich Lahmann (1860–1905), doctor and natural healer
- Hinrich Magens (1857–1925), engineer and entrepreneur, inventor of ready-mixed concrete
- Otto Meyer (1865–1939), civil engineer, general director of Wayss & Freytag AG
- Carl Pirath (1884–1955), transport scientist , professor for railways and transport at the Technical University of Stuttgart
- Otto Ruprecht (1860–1947), architect and construction clerk
- Georg Schmidt (1871–1955), professor of electrical engineering, rector of the Thuringian technical center
- Adolf Eugen Schulte (1874–1941), chairman of the board of the Eisenbahnsignal-Bauanstalten Max Jüdel, Stahmer, Bruchsal AG, managing director of the United Eisenbahn-Signalwerke GmbH, chairman of the supervisory board of the National-Jürgens-Brauerei AG
- Günther Schulze-Fielitz (1899–1972), civil engineer, State Secretary in the Reich Ministry for Armaments and Ammunition
- Kurt Sellnick (1894–1975), actor, director, writer and dramaturge
- Wilhelm Stein (1870–1964), builder of the Hamburger Hochbahn, CEO and Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Hamburger Hochbahn AG
- Otto Steinhoff (1873–1931), General Director of the Halberstadt-Blankenburg Railway Company
- Hanns Teichmann (1929–2017), Professor of Urban Water Management and Waste Technology
- Emil Thormählen (1859–1941), architect
- Hans Kurt Tönshoff (* 1934), mechanical engineer, professor for production technology and cutting machine tools at the Technical University of Hanover, founder and director of the Laser Center Hanover, founder and managing director of the Institute for Integrated Production Hanover
- Fritz Torno (1881–1962), architect in Hanover
- Günter Warnecke (* 1937), university professor for production engineering, machine tools and business organization
- Luis Weiler (1863–1918), railway civil engineer, general director of the Siamese state railway
- Eduard Wendebourg (1857–1940), architect of historicism
- Gustav Wesemann (1879 – after 1931), board member of Deutsche Werke AG and Berlin-Karlsruher Industrie-Werke AG
- The two large construction contractors Heinrich Hecker and Willi Meyer
- Hans Schüler: Weinheimer SC-Chronik , Darmstadt 1927, pp. 276–353.
- Michael Doeberl , Otto Scheel , Wilhelm Schlink , Hans Sperl , Eduard Spranger , Hans Bitter and Paul Frank (eds.): Das akademische Deutschland , Vol. 2: The German universities and their academic citizens , Berlin 1931, p. 837.
- Paulgerhard Gladen : The Kösener and Weinheimer Corps: Your representation in individual chronicles . 1st edition. WJK-Verlag, Hilden 2007, ISBN 978-3-933892-24-9 , pp. 235, 254, 259 .
- corps-hannovera.de Website of the Corps Hannovera
- Ernst Hans Eberhard : Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 138.