|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Neusiedl am See|
|License plate :||ND|
|Residents :||1,381 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||55 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||2474|
|Community code :||1 07 06|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Franz Vihanek ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : ( 2017 )
|Location of Gattendorf in the Neusiedl am See district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Gattendorf is a municipality with 1,381 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in Burgenland in the Neusiedl am See district in Austria . The Hungarian place name of the municipality is Gáta , the Croatian Raušer .
Gattendorf is the only place in the community.
Like all of Burgenland, the place belonged to Hungary (German-West Hungary) until 1920/21 . Since 1898 had due to the Magyarization of the government in Budapest of Hungarian name Gata be used. After the end of the First World War , after tough negotiations, German-West Hungary was awarded to Austria in the Treaties of St. Germain and Trianon in 1919. The place has belonged to the newly founded federal state of Burgenland since 1921 (see also the history of Burgenland ).
Gattendorf was first mentioned in documents in 1209 as "Kata" in the boundary description of Csallo. In 1146 there was a wooden chapel in the municipality. After the battle, the ten-year-old Hungarian king Géza II , son of Bélas II , is said to have been made defensive there. In 1264 the place was settled by border guards for the Hungarian Gyepű system , who were confirmed in their old rights by King Charles I in 1339 . As a result, the place often changed hands or belonged to several landlords at the same time. Of these, the most important family were the von Rauscher men. During their manorial rule, Croats were settled in the place around 1550. Later the place belonged to the Esterházy family . After the repeal of the interest and robot payments, the Gattendorf estate, which had remained in the possession of the Esterházy family, came to the Czell family, who still own it today.
From around 1720 to 1938 there was a Jewish community in Gattendorf, but after a high of 206 people in 1857 it became smaller and smaller, so that in 1885 it had to be connected to the Jewish community of Kittsee . In 1934 only 19 Jews lived in Gattendorf, some of whom fell victim to the Shoah . Today only the Jewish cemetery Gattendorf outside the village reminds of this Jewish community .
Gattendorf lost its Croatian majority at the beginning of the 20th century; Up to the present day the Croatian-speaking minority - if at all - has only melted down to a few speakers (percentage of Croats in the total population - 1910: 36.5%, 1934: 29.8%, 1951: 5.0%, 2001 : 1.2%).
The communities of Gattendorf, Neudorf and Potzneusiedl were merged to form Gattendorf-Neudorf in 1971. After the separation of the communities on January 1, 1990, each regained its independence and the community of Gattendorf regained its self-administration.
Culture and sights
- Catholic parish church Gattendorf
- Gattendorf Jewish cemetery
- Old and new castle: The old castle is a mighty two-wing building with a core substance from the 17th century. The rusticated portal in the seven-axis main front dates from the 17th century and the giant Ionic pilasters from the 2nd half of the 18th century.
- Chapel of St. Anna: It was built in 1712 by Countess Maria Esterházy (1668–1720) on a hill southwest of Gattendorf as a burial chapel for the Esterházy family in Gattendorf.
Economy and Infrastructure
- Elementary school
The council comprises a total of 19 members on the basis of population.
|LEAGUE A1||45||5.02||1||70||8.01||1||76||9.11||1||not running||not running|
|LIKO A2||not running||not running||not running||252||30.29||6th||216||26.93||4th|
In addition to Mayor Franz Vihanek (ÖVP) and Vice Mayor Robert Kovacs (SPÖ), Thomas Ranits (ÖVP), Johannes Schulz (ÖVP) and Heinz Szöky (SPÖ) are also members of the community board.
Mayor in 2007 is Franz Vihanek (ÖVP). In the 2017 direct mayor election, he prevailed in the first ballot with 50.97% against his two rivals Karl Helm (SPÖ, 4297%) and Reinhard Reiter (Gattendorf list, 6.05%). Vihanek's predecessor was Josef Kovacs (List Kovacs), who resigned in 2007.
Vice Mayor is Robert Kovacs (SPÖ).
Head of office is Gregor Lengyel.
Honorary citizen of the community
- Oskar Helmer (1887–1963), politician, Austrian interior minister in the post-war period
- Ervin Kovács (* 1943), Hungarian entrepreneur and honorary citizen of the city due to special merits
- Klaus Derks: The St. Anna Chapel near Gattendorf. 2003.
- Klaus Derks: The Stockwiese War in Gattendorf. On the history of the Burgenland-Lower Austrian border. In: Burgenland homeland sheets . No. 67, Eisenstadt 2005, pp. 1-24, PDF on ZOBODAT
- Association for research into the local history of Gattendorf (ed.): Gattendorfer Rückblicke. A historical kaleidoscope. Consideration of the history of Gattendorf in individual topics. Publishing house Klaus Derks. Published annually: Volume 1: 2005, Volume 2: 2006, Volume 3: 2007, Volume 4: 2008, Volume 5: 2009, Volume 6: 2010, Volume 7: 2011, Volume 8 (photo volume): 2012.
- Stefan Geosits : Results of the censuses 1900–1981 . In: Stefan Geosits (Hrsg.): The Burgenland Croats through the ages . Edition Tusch, Vienna 1986, pp. 354–376, ISBN 3-85063-160-5 .
- Nikolaus Wilhelm-Stempin: The settlement area of the Burgenland Croats in Austria, Hungary, Moravia and Slovakia . BoD, 2008, ISBN 978-3-8370-4278-8 .
- Erwin Pinter: The story about goulash.
- Petra Weiß: TÜPL Bruckneudorf - 150 years of Brucker Lager. Edited by the municipality of Bruck an der Leitha, April 2017, p. 428/429 (section “The partner municipalities”).
- Gattendorf Jewish Community , website regiowiki.at, accessed on February 24, 2015
- History of the Jews in Burgenland , website regiowiki.at, accessed on February 24, 2015
- Results of the 2017 municipal council elections in Gattendorf. Office of the Burgenland Provincial Government, October 29, 2017, accessed on January 17, 2020 .
- Results of the 2012 municipal council elections in Gattendorf. Office of the Burgenland Provincial Government, November 4, 2012, accessed on January 17, 2020 .
- Result of the 2007 municipal council election in Gattendorf. Office of the Burgenland Provincial Government, October 21, 2007, accessed on January 17, 2020 .
- Results of the local council election 2002 in Gattendorf. Office of the Provincial Government of Burgenland, October 21, 2002, accessed on January 17, 2020 .
- Municipality of Gattendorf: Municipal Council (accessed November 30, 2017)
- Municipality of Gattendorf: Municipal administration (accessed on November 30, 2017)