Harry Kurt Victor Mulisch (born July 29, 1927 in Haarlem , † October 30, 2010 in Amsterdam ) was a Dutch writer . He was particularly noted for his novels Das Assentat (1982) and The Discovery of Heaven (1992).
Harry Mulisch was the son of Karl Viktor Kurt Mulisch, a former Austrian officer , and Alice Schwarz, a Jew from a Frankfurt banking family. During the time of the German occupation of the Netherlands (1940-45), his father was the personnel director of Lippmann, Rosenthal & Co. Sarphatistraat , a bank whose task was the Aryanization of Jewish property. For this job, the father had to go to an internment camp for three years after the war ; he died in 1957 as a result of his stay in this internment camp for collaborators. However, through his managerial position, the father had been able to protect his Jewish ex-wife and son from the National Socialists and deportation , while Mulisch's grandmother and maternal great-grandmother were murdered in the Sobibor concentration camp . In 1936 his parents divorced; Harry Mulisch lived with his mother and was largely raised by the domestic servant Frieda Falk. After his mother moved to Amsterdam, he lived with his father in Haarlem. Mulisch grew up bilingual (German and Dutch). The mother emigrated to the USA in 1951.
Mulisch's connection between persecution because of his Jewish origin on the one hand (via his mother) and the collaboration with the National Socialist German occupiers on the other hand (via his father) had a significant impact on his literary work. Mulisch claimed from this connection that he was the Second World War (“ Ik ben de Tweede wereldoorlog ”).
Mulisch attended elementary school in Leiden from 1933 to 1939 and then switched to the Christian Lyceum in Haarlem, which he left in May 1945 without a degree. His first short story De Kamer was published on February 8, 1947 in Elseviers Weekblad .
In addition to his work as a writer, Mulisch was an editor for the magazine Podium from 1958 to 1962 and worked for the magazines Randstad (1961-1969) and De Gids (1965-1990). From 1962 he was a board member of the influential literary publisher De Bezige Bij .
Mulisch was a reporter at the Eichmann trial in Israel in 1961 . This resulted in his report Strafsache 40/61 , which was awarded the Vijverberg-Prijs in 1963. Since 1962 he was friends with Hannah Arendt , who was also a trial observer and wrote Eichmann's work in Jerusalem .
In the 1960s and 1970s Mulisch was publicly involved against the Cold War and the Vietnam War and was at times a supporter of the Dutch Provo movement . From the early 1980s he participated in the Dutch peace movement.
His novels Das Assentat (1982) and The Discovery of Heaven (1992) received worldwide attention ; The first novel deals with the consequences of the murder of a Dutch policeman collaborating with the Nazi regime, while The Discovery of Heaven deals with the relationship between science and religion in a mystical way.
In the Dutch post-war literature there was often talk of the “big three” - meaning Willem Frederik Hermans , Gerard Reve and Harry Mulisch. After Hermans' death and the progressive dementia Reves, Mulisch sometimes jokingly called himself the "big one" (" de grote Eén ").
Harry Mulisch moved to Amsterdam in 1958 after the death of his father. In 1971 he married the artist Sjoerdje Woudenberg, 21 years his junior, with whom he had two daughters (* 1971 and * 1974). Since 1989 he lived with his girlfriend Kitty Saal, with whom he had a son (* 1992).
In 2002, the German Ambassador in Amsterdam, Edmund Duckwitz , presented him with the Federal Cross of Merit , First Class, for The Assassination and The Discovery of Heaven because of the “important role of his works as a mediator”.
In 2006, the planetoid No. 10251, discovered in 1971, was named Mulisch in his honor .
Harry Mulisch died on October 30, 2010 at the age of 83 in his home in Amsterdam as a result of his cancer .
Works published in German translation
- Archibald Strohalm (1951, German 2004, novel), ISBN 3-499-24104-8
- De diamant (The diamond, 1954, German 1961, novel)
- Het zwarte licht (black light, 1956, German 1962, novel)
- Het stenen bruidsbed (The stone bridal bed, 1959, German 1960, novel) ISBN 3-518-22192-2
- Zelfportret met tulband (self-portrait with turban, 1961, German 1995, autobiographical novel) ISBN 3-499-13887-5
- De zaak 40/61 (criminal case 40/61, 1962, German 1963, report on the Eichmann trial ) ISBN 3-7466-8016-6
- De toekomst van gisteren (The future of yesterday, reflections on an unwritten novel, 1972, German 1995) ISBN 3-923118-39-2
- Het seksuele bolwerk, Zin en waanzin van Wilhelm Reich (The sexual bulwark, sense and madness by Wilhelm Reich, 1973, German 1997, essay) ISBN 3-499-22435-6
- Twee vrouwen ( Two women , 1975, German 1980, novel) ISBN 3-499-22659-6
- De aanslag ( Das Assentat , 1982, German 1986, novel) ISBN 3-499-22797-5
- Hoogste tijd (Highest Time, 1985, German 1987, novel) ISBN 3-499-23334-7
- De pupil (Augenstern, 1987, German 1989, novel) ISBN 3-499-33197-7
- De elementen (The elements, 1988, German 1990, novel) ISBN 3-499-13114-5
- Voorval (incident, 1989, German 1993, five stories), ISBN 3-499-13364-4
- Het beeld en de klok (The still picture and the clock, 1989, German 1996, stories), ISBN 3-499-22035-0
- De zuilen van Hercules (The Pillars of Hercules, 1990, German 1997, essays) ISBN 3-499-22449-6
- De ontdekking van de hemel ( The discovery of the sky , 1992, German 1993, novel) ISBN 978-3-499-24752-1
- De procedure (The procedure, 1998, German 1999, novel) ISBN 3-499-23180-8
- Het theater, de brief en de waarheid (The theater, the letter and the truth. A contradiction, 2000, novella), ISBN 3-499-23209-X ( Boekenweek gift , 2000)
- Siegfried ( Siegfried. A Black Idyll , 2001, novel) ISBN 3-499-23296-0
- De kamer (1947, short story), ISBN 90-234-3883-3
- De sprong der paarden en de zoete zee (1955, novella), ISBN 90-280-6263-7
- Tanchelijn (1960, play)
- Report aan de rattenkoning (1966, essay), ISBN 90-234-1021-1
- De verteller (1970, novel), ISBN 90-234-0442-4
- Oidipous Oidipous (1972, play)
- Woorden, woorden, woorden (1973, poems), ISBN 90-234-5312-3
- De vogels (1974, poems), ISBN 90-253-8088-3
- Mijn getijdenboek (1975, autobiography), ISBN 90-234-0538-2
- Tegenlicht (1975, poems)
- Kind en kraai (1975, poems)
- Oude lucht (1977, short stories), ISBN 90-214-9556-2
- De compositie van de wereld (1980, Philosophy - No further part published.) ISBN 90-234-5274-7
- Opus Gran (1982, poems), ISBN 90-6169-175-3
- Het zevende land (1998, essay), ISBN 90-234-3792-6
- Vonk (2002, fragment), ISBN 90-234-0440-8
- 1951: Reina Prinsen Geerligs Prize for Archibald Strohalm
- 1957: Bijenkorf Literature Prize for Black Light
- 1957: Anne Frank Prize for Archibald Strohalm
- 1961: ANV-Visser Neerlandia Prize for Tanchelijn
- 1961: Athos Prize for the complete work
- 1963: Vijverbergprijs for criminal case 40/61
- 1977: Constantijn Huygens Prize for the complete work
- 1977: Cestoda-prijs
- 1977: PC Hooft Prize (= Dutch State Prize for Literary Studies) for the complete work
- 1977: Knight of the Order of Orange-Nassau
- 1986: Diepzee Prize for The Assassination
- 1992: Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau
- 1993: Multatuli Prize from the municipality of Amsterdam for the discovery of the sky
- 1993: Mecca Prize for Discovery of Heaven
- 1995: Dutch Literature Prize for the complete works
- 1999: Prix Jean Monnet de Littérature Européenne for The Discovery of Heaven
- 1999: Libris Literature Prize for The Procedure
- 2002: Federal Cross of Merit, 1st class
- 2003: De Inktaap for Siegfried
- 2007: Prix Européen des Jeunes Lecteurs for Siegfried
- 2007: Honorary doctorate from the University of Amsterdam
- 2007: Nonino Prize for Literature (Italy)
- 2009: Golden Age Award for the complete work
- 2011: The stone bridal bed , Staatsschauspiel Dresden , set up by Felicitas Zürcher and Stefan Bachmann , director: Stefan Bachmann; WP: October 1st, 2011
- 1977: Love Without Scruples ( Twee vrouwen ) - Director: George Sluizer
- 1986: The attack ( De aanslag ; based on the novel Das Assentat ) - Director: Fons Rademakers . The film adaptation received the Oscar for best foreign language contribution in 1987 .
- 1995: Hoogste tijd - Director: Frans Weisz
- 2001: The Discovery of Heaven ( De ontdekking van de hemel ) - Director: Jeroen Krabbé
- 2002: Siegfried. A black idyll. Complete reading, director: Marcel Spisak, speakers: Achim Höppner and Jeanette Hain , Phonomedia-Hörbuchverlag, Scheyern 2002, 5 CDs, ISBN 3-935813-08-2
- 2003: two women. Complete reading, directed by Rudolf Würth, read by Gudrun Landgrebe , Phonomedia-Hörbuchverlag, Ingolstadt 2003, 4 CDs, ISBN 3-935813-10-4
- 2007: The assassination. Unabridged reading, directed by Anke Albrecht, read by Burghart Klaußner , Patmos Verlagsgruppe , Düsseldorf 2007, 5 CDs, ISBN 978-3-491-91233-5
- 2005: The stone bridal bed. Editing and direction: Norbert Schaeffer , production: MDR , 88 min
- 2007: The discovery of the sky. Radio play adaptation: Valerie Stiegele, director: Vibeke von Saher. With Udo Samel , Jochen Striebeck , Christian Baumann , Lisa Wagner , Der Hörverlag , Munich 2007, 2 CDs, ISBN 978-3-86717-076-5
- 2007: In Koen Mortier's adaptation of the book Ex Drummer by Herman Brusselmans , a metal band was named after Harry Mulisch.
- Official Homepage (nl / en)
- Literature by and about Harry Mulisch in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Harry Mulisch in the German Digital Library
- Literature by and about Harry Mulisch in the catalog of the digital library of Dutch literary studies (nl)
- Harry Mulisch in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Hitler was a black hole - Günter Kaindlstorfer in conversation with Harry Mulisch, Der Standard , October 6, 2001
- Marie van Bilk: The sky discoverer celebrates his eightieth birthday ( Memento from September 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) - three-part tribute to Einseiten.info / 2007
- Norbert Wehr: Siegfried's death. Harry Mulisch solves the "Hitler issue" (not) ( Memento of 13 February 2010 at the Internet Archive ), Critical review of copybook
- Dirk Schümer : Weltweiser and private mythologist. On the death of Harry Mulisch , FAZ.NET , October 31, 2010
- Audio recording: Harry Mulisch in conversation and reading from The Procedure and self-portrait with a turban , for listening and downloading on Lesungen.net
- Dirk Schümer : The heavenly puppeteer . Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , November 1, 2010
- Boris Krause: Mulisch biography at the online information portal NetherlandsNet
- Harry Mulisch: De Kamer gevolgd door een knopte printed matter of two romans by Marita Mathijsen . Uitgeverij De Bezige Bij, Amsterdam 2000
- cf. Hermann Korte : Harry Mulisch . In: Critical lexicon on contemporary foreign language literature (accessed on October 31, 2010 via Munzinger Online )
- The Minor Planet Circulars June 13, 2006, PDF, 1.5 MB
- Planetoïde 10251 heet nu 'Mulisch' October 12, 2006
- Dpa: Writer Harry Mulisch is dead. Die Zeit , October 31, 2010, accessed on November 2, 2010 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Mulisch, Harry Kurt Victor (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Dutch writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 29, 1927|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Haarlem|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 30, 2010|
|Place of death||Amsterdam|