district of Würzburg
|Population density||1266 inhabitants / km²|
The Heuchelhof is a district and at the same time a district in the south of Würzburg . It is the youngest part of this city, but the oldest settlement area in the wide area. When the center for the disabled was built in 1974, traces of old settlements were found. The name Heuchelhof is made up of "Hof" and an old language form of hill ("Heuchel") and means "the farm on the hill".
Even before the Celtic fortress was built on the Marienberg, people settled around the lake on what is now Berner Strasse. Some stone structures in the Celtic style still remind of this today.
The Heuchelhof belonged to the municipality of Heidingsfeld . With this, the area came to Würzburg on January 1, 1930.
At the suggestion of Lord Mayor Helmuth Zimmerer , the city of Würzburg bought the land and fields of the former Heuchelhof estate from Baron Otto Philipp von Trockau in 1961 , where a new residential area was built from June 1968, including high-rise buildings. The first planning reports were available in December 1965. The first single-family house in the new district was completed in March 1972.
In 1980 there was a move away from high-rise construction. That is probably one reason why the tallest planned buildings north of the Place de Caen (market square) were no longer built and some of the high-rise buildings that were built had fewer storeys than planned. At the same time, these high-rise buildings also form a striking point in the area that catches the eye of many people passing by on the motorway.
In 1995 the Heuchelhof had approx. 4,000 apartments and the population increased to approx. 12,000. Almost 10% of the Würzburg population lived on the Heuchelhof, making it the largest district in Würzburg. Living habits of different nationalities, different cultural and social backgrounds did not always make living together easy. Due to the social housing construction, the contrasts were very great here. The H1 (Strasbourg ring), which is sometimes popularly called “Little Moscow”, has been repeatedly mentioned as the focal point of this district. In the meantime, this situation has improved significantly thanks to many campaigns and measures. A large share is made by the “Adventure Land” development association, which has been renamed “Integrative and Preventive Children and Youth Projects”. The development association has been leading and organizing the project for many years. Children and young people between five and 15 years from all parts of the city of Würzburg take part.
Since 2001 , structural measures have been developed and implemented by citizens as part of the Socially Integrative City , a federal-state program. Citizens have participated in the urban development, especially in the H1. They provide planning aids and are included in improvements.
In autumn 2005, the entire Place de Caen was renovated and equipped with more seating and paving stones. In addition, a new branch of the local bank (Sparkasse) was opened, which also contributes to a beautified cityscape.
The silhouette of the Gethsemane Church
The architect Gerhard G. Dittrich designed the first construction phase H1 (Straßburger Ring). This design envisaged a densely built interior area with high-rise buildings , which should be given a Mediterranean flair through arcades and close neighborhood buildings. This condensed construction should serve as a spatial requirement for close communication between the residents.
The construction of the rounds in the other building circles goes back to the architect Alexander von Branca from Munich . The ring-shaped layout of the building areas with the traffic-calmed zones is suitable for children who can play on their doorstep. The residential area is quiet due to the low through traffic. The basic concept of stepless access to all pedestrian areas serves to ensure accessibility for wheelchair users and seniors .
The Wiener Ring is the second oldest area of the Heuchelhof, which is located next to the Bromberg-Rosengarten nature reserve. Since September 2011, the nature reserve Bromberg-Rosengarten has been listed in the so-called Naturatlas Bayern Arche . This nature atlas - initiated in 2010 by the Bavarian State Ministry for Environment and Health - links Bavaria's protected areas and serves as an eco-guide for vacationers. The nature reserve Bromberg-Rosengarten can be explored on its hiking trails. The city of Würzburg has equipped the special features of the biotope with information boards.
The Strasbourg ring is the oldest area of the Heuchelhof. The Strasbourg ring surrounds a block of flats with high-rise buildings, with the Place de Caen in the center. This is the market square of the Heuchelhof and the place of many gathering opportunities, such as maypole celebrations or the Easter bonfire. In the outer area of the Strasbourg ring there are mostly single and multi-family houses in bungalow style, but no high-rise buildings. The primary and all-day school (GTS), founded in 1974, is also located in the inner area of the Strasbourg ring, whose catchment area traditionally extends beyond the district. The GTS is known as a UNESCO project school because of its cultural and people-unifying activities.
The Athener Ring is a residential area of the Heuchelhof, which is located on the edge of the forest in a quiet zone. The area around the Athens Ring consists of around 75 single and multi-family houses. A nursing home for the elderly can also be found here. The ring is well connected to the rest of the Heuchelhof and the city of Würzburg with its own tram stop and a driveway onto the B19 . The primary school named after the writer Leonhard Frank , who was born in Würzburg, is also located here . In the south of the Athens ring there is a nature reserve, which includes an old quarry that borders the said forest.
The Prague Ring lies between the Athens Ring to the south-west and the Madrid Ring to the east. It was created in the early 1990s. In the middle of the ring, Warschauer Straße, several row houses are arranged in a circle around a playground, which their relatives lived in until the US troops withdrew from Würzburg. In the rest of the ring there are around 80 single-family and semi-detached houses. In the south of the Prague Ring lies Belgrader Straße, which is divided into two smaller rings. The Prager Ring is closed to the south by around 80 allotment gardens ; in the north, the Prager Ring borders on Heuchelhofstrasse, which connects all the larger rings of the Heuchelhof. The ring also includes a supervised dormitory.
Naming the streets
A special feature of the Heuchelhof is the choice of name for the local streets. The streets in the front area (H1) are named after European capitals, for example Berner Straße , Londoner Straße , Römer Straße and Osloer Straße , but also after political centers, such as Straßburger Ring (seat of the EU Parliament) or Bonner Straße (former seat of government the BRD).
In the middle area of the Heuchelhof, on the other hand, street names that are named after the partner cities of Würzburg dominate. Here you will find a Salamancastrasse , a Rochesterstrasse or a Faribaultstrasse . Some walking trails are also named after twin towns, such as the Bray County Wicklow Trail , the Mwanza Trail or the Umeå Trail.
A separate origin of the name is still used in the area of the Athens ring, here there are in particular - corresponding to the Greek capital Athens - names from Greek culture, such as an Olympic promenade , a Troy path or a Ephesus path .
The popular sports club SC Heuchelhof Würzburg eV offers a variety of sports for every age group, including basketball , ju-jutsu , youth and women's football , table tennis , gymnastics and volleyball. In the past few years, the club has become known nationwide thanks to its successful work in basketball and girls' football.
The club has received several national awards for its successful youth work in girls' football ( Heuchelhof-Dragons ), including the education prize of the German Academy for Football Culture. Claudia Roth , Vice President of the Bundestag, and Shary Reeves , the KiKa presenter, have been won as patrons for the association . The association has about 1,000 members, the current board of directors is the Würzburg education researcher and university professor Heinz Reinders .
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 597 .
- Rolf-Ulrich Kunze : Würzburg 1945-2004. Reconstruction, modern city. In: Ulrich Wagner (Hrsg.): History of the city of Würzburg. 4 volumes, Volume I-III / 2 (I: From the beginnings to the outbreak of the Peasant War. 2001, ISBN 3-8062-1465-4 ; II: From the Peasant War 1525 to the transition to the Kingdom of Bavaria 1814. 2004, ISBN 3 -8062-1477-8 ; III / 1–2: From the transition to Bavaria to the 21st century. 2007, ISBN 978-3-8062-1478-9 ), Theiss, Stuttgart 2001–2007, Volume III (2007), Pp. 318-346 and 1292-1295; here: p. 340.
- Sybille Grübel: Timeline of the history of the city from 1814-2006. In: Ulrich Wagner (Hrsg.): History of the city of Würzburg. 4 volumes, Volume I-III / 2, Theiss, Stuttgart 2001-2007; III / 1–2: From the transition to Bavaria to the 21st century. Volume 2, 2007, ISBN 978-3-8062-1478-9 , pp. 1225-1247; here: p. 1243 f.
- City of Wuerzburg: Würzburg twin cities and their twin cities | Citizens' meetings. In: www.wuerzburg.de. Retrieved January 30, 2016 .