Junkers J 2

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Junkers J 2
Junkers J 2
Type: Single-seater hunting
Design country:

German EmpireThe German Imperium German Empire


Junkers & Co.

First flight:

July 11, 1916

Number of pieces:


The Junkers J2 was a single-seater hunting vehicle from Junkers & Co. ( Dessau ) and a direct successor to the Junkers J 1 .


Equipped with a Mercedes D II engine of 120 hp, the first flight tests were carried out in early 1916. However, the engine turned out to be unsuitable. In particular, aerobatic maneuvers caused difficulties in which the fuel supply broke down.

The 160 hp Mercedes D III, which was available from mid-1916 , performed better, but on September 23, 1916, Max Schade crashed into the city of Dessau with such a machine. The stall behavior of the machine was difficult to control even for an experienced test pilot .

In addition, it was too heavy at 1185 kg, so that climbing performance and maneuverability were unacceptable for a fighter plane . This led to the discontinuation of the experiments. The top speed was quite good at 185 km / h. The first specimen had a wingspan of 11.00 m, the five following a wingspan of 11.70 m.

Technical specifications

Parameter Data
crew 1
length 7.43 m
span 11.70 m
height 3.13 m
Wing area 24.64 m²
Empty mass 1018 kg
Payload 147 kg
Takeoff mass 1165 kg
Wing loading 47.28 kg / m²
Engine a Mercedes D III with 160 PS (approx. 120 kW)
Power load 7.28 kg / hp
Top speed 185 km / h
Cruising speed 165 km / h
Climb performance 3.30 m / s
Summit height 4000 m

See also


  • Günter Schmitt: Junkers and his planes. 2nd, unchanged edition. transpress, Berlin 1986, ISBN 3-344-00192-2 .
  • Peter M. Grosz, Gerard Terry: The way to the world's first all-metal fighter. In: Air Enthusiast. Vol. 25, 1984, ISSN  0143-5450 , pp. 60-76.

Web links

Commons : Junkers J 2  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files