Junkers S 36

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Junkers S 36
Junkers S 36 left rear L'Aéronautique December, 1927.jpg
Type: Test aircraft
Design country:

German EmpireGerman Empire German Empire


Junkers Flugzeugwerk AG

First flight:

September 5, 1927

Number of pieces:


The Junkers S 36 was a low-wing designed test aircraft made by the German manufacturer Junkers in the 1920s. It was the manufacturer's first twin-engine model and could carry three people. The Junkers K 37 , Mitsubishi Ki-1 and Mitsubishi Ki-2 bombers were modeled on it .


The S 36 was a cantilever low-wing aircraft with an all-metal construction. The aircraft was equipped with two Gnôme-Rhône radial engines of 440 kW (approx. 600 hp) each. The first flight took place on September 5, 1927. Originally, it was planned to be used as an S 36 combat aircraft (WerkNr. 3200).

In contrast to the other Junkers aircraft, on the prototype of the S 36 , smooth sheet metal was used as an experiment for the planking of the wing nose and upper side of the wing. The nose cone, which is also clad with sheet metal, was subsequently glazed, while an opening for a camera was made on the underside of the fuselage.

After the end of the tests, this aircraft was sold as the S-AABL to the Junkers branch AB Flygindustri in Limhamn , Sweden , where it served as a prototype for the Junkers K 37 manufactured there. This machine was armed and equipped as a bomber . Their high altitude performance made them inaccessible to the fighter planes of 1927. Towards the end of 1927 the machine was converted for aerial photography purposes, after which the only S 36 flew as D-1252 , then as D-AMIX , again in Dessau. The S 36 was officially approved for aerobatics in 1928 as the first twin-engine machine.

The Japanese armed forces showed interest in this further developed aircraft and on this basis Mitsubishi developed the Ki-1 and the Ki-2.

Technical specifications

Three-sided view
Parameter Data of the Junkers S 36
crew 3
length 11.41 m
span 20.14 m
height 4.60 m
Wing area 54.00 m²
Top speed 245 km / h
Continuous speed 220 km / h
Landing speed 110 km / h
Ascent time to 3000 m 11.8 min
Climb performance 4.20 m / s
Preparation mass 2600 kg
Flight mass 4300 kg
Service ceiling 7750 m
Range 900 km
Engines 2 × 9-cylinder radial engines Gnôme-Rhône Jupiter VI with 440 kW each (approx. 600 hp)
Armament -

See also

Web links

Commons : Junkers K 37  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
  • Bernd Junkers: Junkers S 36. In: Hugo Junkers: A life for technology. JUMA Verwaltungsges.mbH, accessed on April 12, 2016 .

Individual evidence

  1. a b Manfred Griehl: Junkers: Aircraft since 1915 (type compass) . 1st edition. Motorbuch, 2010, ISBN 978-3-613-03179-1 , p. 42 ff .