Junkers Ju 13

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Junkers Ju 13
Type: Airliner
Design country:

German EmpireGerman Empire German Empire


Junkers aircraft works



Production time:


Number of pieces:

≈ 49-55

The Junkers Ju 13 aircraft is a variant of the Junkers F 13 that was used in the Soviet Union from May 1922.


The aircraft were either bought in Germany or were built in the Junkers Fili branch near Moscow or in the workshops of the Dobroljot airline (5 pieces). The Ju 13 was used militarily as a liaison, transport and training aircraft from 1922. Some examples were converted into makeshift bombers in 1923 and were given a machine gun weapon stand behind the cockpit. All of these machines went to the Persian Air Force.

The Ju 13 was first used as a civilian airliner in the summer of 1922 on the 420 km Moscow - Nizhny Novgorod route . In 1923 the first Soviet airline "Dobroljot" was established, which took over the model (a total of 24 pieces) and the route. This was followed by operations on the newly established lines Moscow - Tashkent , Tashkent - Alma-Ata , Tashkent - Bukhara , Bukhara - Khiva and Bukhara - Dushanbe . Other users were the Ukrainian “Ukrwosduchput”, the Siberian “Sibljot”, the Caucasian “Sakavia”, the Azerbaijani “Azdobroljot” and the German-Russian company Deruluft . Due to an agreement between the Junkers factories and the Soviet Union, some German pilots were also used on the flight routes. The type was also used in agriculture, as an ambulance and propaganda aircraft. A Ju 13 was equipped with floats and used in 1923 with the German Junkers pilot Kiessner for sightseeing flights from the Moscow River , but crashed that same year.

The Ju 13 was the main type of the Soviet civil air fleet in the 1920s. About 49 to 55 copies were made in Germany and the Soviet Union.

In 1925 a Ju 13 under pilot Kopylov flew a 10,000 km sightseeing flight with the stations Moscow - Kazan - Ufa - Perm - Vyatka - Ustjug - Vologda - Moscow. From 1926 some Ju 13 were on the L5 engine of Junkers converted.

See also


  • Dimitri Alexejewitsch Sobolew: German traces in Soviet aviation history , Mittler, Bonn, 2000, ISBN 3-8132-0675-0
  • Andrei Alexandrov, Gennadi Petrov: The German Aircraft in Russian and Soviet Services , Volume 1, Airplane, Illertissen, 1997, ISBN 3-927132-43-8
  • Günter Schmitt: Junkers and his aircraft , transpress, Berlin, 1986, ISBN 3-344-00192-2

Web links