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Veliky Ustyug ( Russian Великий Устюг ) is a city in Russia . It is a district town and is located in the far northeast of the Vologda Oblast . It has 31,665 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010).
In Veliky Ustyug the rivers unite Jug and Sukhona the Northern Dvina .
As early as the 9th to 10th centuries, there was a Finno-Ugric settlement at the mouth of the two rivers . In the 11th century, the Russian settlement of the region began from Novgorod . The city was first mentioned in 1207 under the name Ustjug (translated: mouth of the Jug); by 1212 it was obviously fortified, which indicates a longer Russian settlement history. Towards the end of the 14th century it fell to the Grand Duchy of Moscow . Ustyug has been an important trading center since the end of the 15th century; In the 16th century it was given the addition of "large" (Weliki) because of its importance.
Note: census data
Veliky Ustyug has been known in Russia since 1999 for its Christmas post office in addition to the large number of preserved churches and monasteries, which are an outstanding example of ensembles of northern Russian architecture . The "residence" of Father Frost , the Russian Santa Claus counterpart, attracts tourists especially in winter.
Veliki Ustyug is a member of the New Hanseatic League .
- Vladimir Atlasov (* 1661 in Veliki Ustjug; † 1711), explorer of Kamchatka
- Ekaterina Avakumova (* 1990 in Veliky Ustyug), Russian-South Korean biathlete
- Michail Buldakow (* 1766 in Veliky Ustjug; † 1827 or 1830), first executive director of the Russian-American Company (RAK)
- Erofei Khabarov (* 1603 in Veliky Ustjug; † 1671), Russian commander in Southeast Siberia
- Semjon Deschnjow , (* around 1605 in Veliky Ustjug; † 1673), fur trader and first European to cross the Bering Strait
- Leonti Nikolajewitsch Dobrezow (1904–1968), physicist and university professor
- Prokop von Ustjug (*? In Lübeck , † 1303 in Veliky Ustjug), saint Jurodiwy of the Russian Orthodox Church
The main belt asteroid (11480) Velikij Ustyug was named after the city.
- ↑ a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)