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Novomoskovsk ( Russian Новомосковск ;. Originally Bobriki , Russian Бобрики ; 1934-1961 Stalinogorsk , Russian Сталиногорск ) is a Russian city in Tula Oblast in Central Russia , some 200 kilometers south of Moscow and 55 km south-east of the regional capital Tula . It has 131,386 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010).
The place was founded in 1929 on the site of the village of Bobriki ( Бобрики ), whose name he was initially given. The reason for the foundation was the construction of a chemical combine nearby and the development of new lignite deposits . As early as 1930, Bobriki was granted city status. In 1934 it was renamed Stalinogorsk ( Сталиногорск ) in honor of Joseph Stalin .
During the Second World War , the city was temporarily occupied by the German Wehrmacht at the end of 1941 and suffered considerable damage. In Stalinogorsk the POW camp 388 existed for German prisoners of war of the Second World War. It was not until eight years after Stalin's death, namely in 1961, that Novomoskovsk received its current name.
At the end of 2008 the urban area of Novomoskowsk was expanded to include the formerly independent town of Sokolniki .
Note: census data
- Don source in the city park
- Pronsk Reservoir
Economy and Transport
The city is located in the central Russian lignite district, but one of the most important economic sectors is no longer mining, but the chemical industry.
Several German companies are based in Nowomoskowsk, such as "Engineering-Gesellschaft Ence GmbH" or " Knauf Gips KG" from Iphofen , Bavaria . The US consumer goods group Procter & Gamble operates a factory for the manufacture of detergents in Novomoskowsk.
Novomoskovsk has, among other things, a general and a technical-scientific library.
- Novomoskovsk Institute of the Russian Chemical and Technological University
In Russia, Novomoskowsk is known nationwide for the football club "Dinamo Novomoskowsk", which has been playing successfully in a top division for years.
sons and daughters of the town
- Konstantin Sergijenko (1940–1996), author of children's and youth literature
- Valery Resanzew (* 1942), wrestler and Olympic champion
- Alexander Lenew (* 1944), football player
- Viktor Hurr (* 1949), painter
- Nikolai Tichonow (* 1982), cosmonaut
- Xenia Semjonowa (* 1992), gymnast
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Maschke, Erich (ed.): On the history of the German prisoners of war of the Second World War. Verlag Ernst and Werner Gieseking, Bielefeld 1962–1977.
- Novomoskovsk on mojgorod.ru (Russian)