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Shchokino ( Russian Щёкино , DIN transliteration Ščëkino ) is a Russian medium - sized town and district center with 58,139 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010) in the Tula Oblast in the Central Federal District .
Shchokino is located in the central Russian lignite mining district in the north of the Central Russian Plate , a good 200 km south of Moscow and 15 km southwest of the regional capital Tula . The closest cities to Tula are Sovetsk (10 km southeast), Lipki (13 km southeast) and Bolochowo (21 km northeast). The natural surroundings of the city mainly consist of the forest-steppe landscape typical of southern Russia and southern central Russia , with forest areas only accounting for about 13% of the area of the Shchokino district.
The first settlements in the area of today's Shchokino emerged in the 1840s with the construction of a continuous road from Moscow via Tula to Oryol . Around two decades later, the parallel railway line, which is now part of the route from Moscow via Kursk and Kharkiv to Simferopol , was also put into operation . The Jassenki railway station was built in the area of today's town in 1869 .
The founding of the actual city began in 1870, when the industrial mining of brown coal began around the station. At the beginning of the 20th century, Shchokino was already a large settlement with commercial and industrial companies. In 1903 the station was also named Shchokino after the associated village.
In the 1930s, Shchokino was declared the center of the Rajon of the same name and was granted city rights in 1938 . During the Second World War , Shchokino was occupied by the Germans for a relatively short period of time (from October to December 1941) during the Battle of Moscow , but it still suffered considerable damage during this period. In the 1950s, new chemical plants based on lignite mining were built in the city.
Note: census data
Economy and Transport
In addition to mining, which no longer has its original significance today, the chemical industry is another important branch of the economy in Shchokino, which is represented by three large companies - OAO Shchokinoasot , AO Chimwolokno and AOST Sawod Kislotoupor . Another important feature is a thermal power station that went into operation in 1953.
The M2 trunk road , which connects Moscow with southern Russia, and the Moscow Kurskaya – Tula – Kursk – Simferopol railway line , on which Shchokino has a long-distance train station, runs through the city .
sons and daughters of the town
- Avraami Sawenjagin (1901–1956), Soviet-Russian Lieutenant General
- Leonid Kwasnikow (1905–1993), Soviet-Russian colonel and hero of the Russian Federation
- Dmitri Medvedev (1918–1992), Soviet-Russian lieutenant general
- Sergei Saljotin (* 1962), Russian cosmonaut
- Tazzjana Ljadouskaja (* 1966), Soviet and Belarusian hurdler and relay Olympic champion
- Darja Abramowa (* 1990), Russian boxer
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Завенягин Авраамий Павлович. warheroes.ru, accessed April 19, 2018 (Russian).
- Квасников Леонид Романович. warheroes.ru, accessed April 19, 2018 (Russian).
- Медведев Дмитрий Александрович. warheroes.ru, accessed April 19, 2018 (Russian).