|Country of production||France|
Vincent Paronnaud ,
Persepolis is a French cartoon from 2007. Based on the comic of the same name by Marjane Satrapi , Persepolis tells the director's childhood and youth story during and after the Islamic Revolution in Iran . The film has won several film awards, including the jury award at the Cannes International Film Festival , where Persepolis premiered.
Eight-year-old Marjane grew up in Tehran, sheltered during the reign of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi . When the Shah went into exile and the Islamic Republic was proclaimed, she and her family felt a spirit of optimism, especially since Uncle Anouche, a communist , was released from prison. Marjane enthusiastically reenacts the political events with her friends on the street, she sees herself as a prophet who is in contact with God.
But when the new rulers turned their Islamic societal ideas into practical politics, Marjane and her family found life in Iran increasingly depressing. Marjane, supported by her strong-willed grandmother, reluctantly endures the reprisals, she secretly listens to hard rock and wears a punk jacket. When the uncle is executed by the new rulers for his communist past and Tehran is bombed in the Gulf War against Iraq , Marjanes parents decide to send her to the Lycée Français de Vienne in Austria.
Marjane is an outsider in Vienna , but still makes friends quickly. An unhappy love affair pulls her into a deep depression . Marjane leaves school, loses her apartment and lives on the street. When she was admitted to a hospital after a serious illness, she decided to return to Tehran and dare to start over.
Marjane starts studying at the art school, falls in love and gets married. The marriage was unhappy, however, and Marjane decided to leave Iran for good and emigrate to France.
History of origin
Persepolis is based on a four-part graphic novel by the Iranian Marjane Satrapi, who has processed her own experiences in the story. The cartoon adheres strictly to the visual style of the comics. The images are in black and white as 2D animation , only the beginning of new stages in Marjanes life is drawn in color. In terms of style, comics and films are shaped by the American illustrator Art Spiegelman and his best-known work Mouse .
Persepolis is Satrapi's first directorial work. She worked on the film with Vincent Paronnaud, who is also a comic artist under the pseudonym Winshluss . Both adapted Satrapi's graphic novel and drew a large part of the pictures. As a result, the film production managed on a budget of less than 8 million euros. During the making of the film, the American producer Kathleen Kennedy was won as a partner, which enabled the international marketing of the film to be secured.
The voices were recorded under the guidance of Marjane Satrapi before the animation of the film. It was her express wish that Catherine Deneuve should play the role of Marjane's mother, although Satrapi did not believe that it would be possible to hire her. After all, Catherine Deneuve not only took on the role of mother, but also her daughter Chiara Mastroianni the role of Marjane. The grandmother was voiced by Danielle Darrieux .
In the German dubbed version, Nadja Tiller took on the role of grandmother. Marjane is spoken by Jasmin Tabatabai , who grew up in Tehran and fled to Germany with her mother at the beginning of the Islamic revolution.
The German dubbing took place at Berliner Synchron . Christoph Cierpka wrote the dialogue book and directed the dialogue.
|role||French speaker||German speaker||English speaker|
|Marjane 'Marji' Satrapi (as a teenager and adult)||Chiara Mastroianni||Jasmin Tabatabai||Chiara Mastroianni|
|Mrs. Satrapi (Marjanes mother)||Catherine Deneuve||Eva Kryll||Catherine Deneuve|
|Marjanes grandmother||Danielle Darrieux||Nadja Tiller||Gena Rowlands|
|Mr. Satrapi (Marjanes father)||Simon Abkarian||Marcus Off||Sean Penn|
|Uncle Anouche||François Jerosme||Hanns Zischler||Iggy Pop|
Jasmin Tabatabai received the German Dubbing Award for “outstanding female dubbing” for her dubbing .
Persepolis was extremely well received when it premiered on May 23, 2007 during the 60th Cannes Film Festival. The film was awarded a special jury prize. However, the Iranian government protested against the screening of Persepolis in the run-up to the film festival because the film falsified the achievements of the Islamic Revolution. In February 2008 the film was allowed to be shown in Iran - however, six scenes with "sexual content" were censored. In Lebanon , the publication of Persepolis was initially banned at the end of March 2008 because of anti-Iranian and Islamophobic content, but the ban was lifted a short time later by Culture Minister Tarik Mitri and a censored version of the film was released for screening.
In Tunis, after the film was broadcast on television on October 14, 2011, protests broke out after the film was scourged as blasphemous by several preachers because God is portrayed there as an old man.
For the release in Germany on November 22, 2007, the positive impression of the film was confirmed. Julia Enke from Frankfurter Allgemeine praises Persepolis as "an incredibly funny and at the same time very sad film". Birgit Glombitza describes Persepolis in Spiegel as a “congenial film adaptation” and states that German expressionism and Italian neorealism were the godfathers. In contrast, Christof Meueler from the Junge Welt finds the film rather “banal”, complex topics are only dealt with in a “ child-like scheme ”.
In addition to the Jury Prize at the Cannes Film Festival, Persepolis has received awards at other film festivals, including the Sutherland Trophy of the London Film Festival and the Audience Awards at the Vancouver International Film Festival and the São Paulo International Film Festival . The critics associations from Los Angeles and New York recorded Persepolis from as best animated film.
At the ceremony of the European Film Awards was Persepolis as Best European film nominated, but could not against the Romanian drama 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days prevail. For Best Foreign Language Film , Persepolis was nominated for both a Golden Globe Award and the Independent Spirit Awards . At the 2008 Academy Awards , Persepolis was on the shortlist for both the best foreign language film and the best animated film, but it was only able to make it into the three nominees in the latter category. In the 33rd ceremony of Césars was Persepolis named best debut and best adapted screenplay; the film was nominated in four other categories, including best film. The film received the Prix du Syndicat Français de la Critique for the best French film debut .
The German Film and Media Assessment FBW in Wiesbaden awarded the film the rating particularly valuable.
On October 14, 2011, a demonstration by thousands of people took place in Tunis in front of the Tunisian television station Nessma TV , which broadcast Persepolis. The rally participants opposed the portrayal of God as an old, bearded man. The house of the station's boss, Nabil Karoui , was later attacked and set on fire. The Islamist Ennahda party distanced itself from the attacks. The following day, in response, a demonstration in support of freedom of expression took place in Tunis, which was also attended by thousands of people.
- Persepolis in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Official website for the film (requires Flash player)
- ^ Certificate of Release for Persepolis . Voluntary self-regulation of the film industry , December 2013 (PDF; test number: 111 874 V).
- ↑ Age rating for Persepolis . Youth Media Commission .
- ↑ Die Zeit : Life can be so bad. Nevertheless! dated November 22, 2007.
- ↑ Die Zeit : Rebellin Under the Headscarf, April 29, 2004.
- ↑ Interview with Satrapis and Paronnaud at IFC (English)
- ^ A b The New York Times : An Animated Adventure, Drawn From Life, January 21, 2007.
- ^ Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung : "Exile Iranians are assimilation world champions" of November 22, 2007.
- ↑ German synchronous index: German synchronous index | Movies | Persepolis. Retrieved February 26, 2018 .
- ↑ Press release “Hollywood for the Ears”. (PDF; 500 kB) Retrieved July 8, 2008 .
- ^ Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung : Where misfortune lives, May 24, 2007.
- ↑ Deutschlandradio : Trouble about “Persepolis” from May 24, 2007.
- ↑ AFP : Rare Iran screening for controversial movie 'Persepolis' ( Memento of 19 February 2008 at the Internet Archive ) (English) of 14 February, 2008.
- ↑ Der Spiegel : Lebanon lifts screen ban from March 27, 2008.
- ↑ Der Spiegel : Demonstration against TV films escalates into violence on October 15, 2011.
- ^ Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung : Black and white like life: "Persepolis" from November 21, 2007.
- ↑ Der Spiegel : Drawn by Life , November 20, 2007.
- ↑ Junge Welt : Im Kindchema from November 20, 2007.
- ↑ IMDb : all awards and nominations for Persepolis
- ↑ Thousands demonstrate in Tunisia for freedom of expression. In: ORF . October 16, 2011, accessed October 17, 2011 .