Suermondt Ludwig Museum

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Suermondt Ludwig Museum
Aachen Villa-Cassalette.jpg
Suermondt Ludwig Museum (2005)
place Aachen
Art museum
architect Eduard lens
Peter Van Den Brink
ISIL DE-MUS-000713
From 1878 to 1901 the old Suermondt Museum in Comphausbadstrasse
Interior view of the Suermondt Museum around 1901
From 1901 the new Suermondt Museum in Wilhelmstrasse
Suermondt Ludwig Museum ...
... and cultivation

The city's Suermondt Ludwig Museum was founded in 1883 by the Aachen Museum Association as the Suermondt Museum . It was named after the first great benefactor, the steel entrepreneur, banker and art patron Barthold Suermondt .


From 1878 the Suermondts collection was in the museum at Comphausbadstraße 11 , where a first public reading room was set up in November 1900. Due to the constant growth of the collection, larger rooms became necessary.

The museum has been located in the city palace Villa Cassalette since 1901 ; it was acquired at a public auction by the city ​​of Aachen in 1898. This building on Wilhelmstrasse was built in 1883–1888 by the Aachen architect Eduard Linse for Eduard Cassalette, a grandson of the founder of the Aachen scratching factory Cassalette , Peter Joseph Cassalette. The facade in the historicist style of Neumanierism is based on the Biblioteca Marciana in Venice . In 1898 the interior of the Villa Cassalette was adapted to the needs of a museum, some partition walls were removed and new passages were created, but above all the gold wallpaper was covered to get a neutral background for the paintings on display .

In 1901 the building was extended by a two-storey wing with skylight rooms in the direction of Martin-Luther-Straße. The kitchen and winter garden were removed for this purpose and a neo-baroque staircase was built in their place . On November 26, 1901, the Städtisches Suermondt-Museum moved into the building.

A second extension was built between 1928 and 1930: A two-story building section with three halls on the ground floor and five rooms on the upper floor was built on Martin-Luther-Strasse.

Immediately after the liberation of Aachen in October 1944, the building initially housed the headquarters of the US Army . In December 1945 the museum was reopened.

The architects Busmann + Haberer planned the expansion of the museum on the 11 by 90 meter neighboring property, which was carried out from 1992 to 1994 .

The Suermondt-Ludwig-Museum houses one of the largest collections of art literature in North Rhine-Westphalia in the former living and reception rooms with 55,000 volumes .



The museum stock has grown steadily since its foundation, not least due to numerous foundations from Aachen citizens such as B. Anton Ignaz vom Houtem, Franz Bock and - above all - Irene and Peter Ludwig , who linked their name to the house in 1977 through their donation and at the instigation of the then director Ernst Günther Grimme .

In addition to paintings and sculptures from the 12th to 18th centuries, tapestries and goldsmith's work, the collection also has extensive glass painting holdings from the Middle Ages to the 20th century. The works of painting of the 19th and 20th centuries represent a separate area, with artists of the Classical Modern such as Lovis Corinth , Max Slevogt , August Macke , Max Beckmann and Otto Dix as well as the Düsseldorf painting school around Johann Wilhelm Schirmer , Caspar Scheuren and Carl Ludwig Scheins as well as important painters from the region, including Walter Ophey , Hartmut Ritzerfeld , Hanns Bolz , Barthel Gilles , Heinrich Maria Davringhausen and Johann Baptist Joseph Bastiné are represented.

A collection of antiquities with the main theme of Attic vase painting as well as a copper engraving cabinet comprising 10,000 hand drawings, watercolors and graphics with masterpieces from Albrecht Dürer , Rembrandt and Francisco de Goya to contemporary artists complete the offer.

The collection of church utensils , which has not been publicly accessible for a number of years, includes monstrances and chalices from the 16th and 17th centuries, modern works by Albert Sous and Benno Werth from the 1960s and by Fritz Schwerdt from 1929–1964.

In 2008 it became known that there are 87 paintings from the Suermondt Ludwig Museum in the cultural museum of the Ukrainian city ​​of Simferopol , which had been looted there after being relocated during World War II . Including a work by Johann Gottfried Pulian , one of the missing works by August von Brandis and Venus in the forge of the volcano by Hendrick de Clerck .

In 2009 the museum received the painting “The Cherry Madonna” by the Venetian Renaissance artist Domenico Zanetti, who works in Düsseldorf, as a gift from an Aachen citizen who wishes to remain anonymous .

Exhibitions (selection)

  • 1980: Church art in the Diocese of Aachen 1930–1980
  • 1981: Trends in Modern Art. Ingrid and Hugo Jung collection
  • 1983: Young expressive art in Italy and Germany. Ingrid and Hugo Jung collection
  • 1991: RHEINGOLD - Modern fine blacksmithing in North Rhine-Westphalia
  • 1999: Jürgen Liefmann - drawings, pictures
  • 2004: Albrecht Dürer - Apelles des black and white
  • 2005: Love of life and fear of death - graphic masterpieces by the artist group Die Brücke and their contemporaries from the Neußer collection
  • 2005: Wolfgang Mattheuer (1927–2004) - Ikarus, the unrecognized and the step of the century drawings from private collections
  • 2006: Changing sides - the back of paintings and their secrets
  • 2006: Christiane Maether and her students. The Aachen years 1982–2006
  • 2007: Painted Light - The Still Life by Willem Kalf (1619–1693)
  • 2007: Max Klinger (1857–1920) - graphic cycles and drawings
  • 2008: “Shadow Gallery” - lost paintings from the Aachen Suermondt-Ludwig-Museum
  • 2008: Exemplary - Painting copies in a new light - The Reiff Collection visits the Suermondt-Ludwig-Museum.
  • 2009: The great virtuoso - Jacob Backer (1608 / 9–1651)
  • 2009: Roger Melis - photographs 1965–1989
  • 2010: Hans von Aachen
  • 2011: Leonardo of the North - Joos van Cleve
  • 2011: Rembrandt mirrored. Etching masterpieces.
  • 2013: Made in Utrecht . Masterpieces of medieval sculpture 1430–1530.
  • 2014/15: Dennis Stock . Photography (curated by Sylvia Böhmer)
  • 2016-: Wonder and wonder: The new "Bourgeois Art Chamber"
  • 2017: blood and tears. Aelbert Bouts and the Face of the Passion
  • 2017: Herbert Falken - Lazarus. A mourning work in 16 pictures
  • 2017/18: Admire. Designs by students from the Faculty of Architecture at RWTH Aachen University
  • 2017: Camille Corot : A Poet of the Landscape. Images from the Musée des Beaux Arts Reims
  • 2017/18: looks that last. Photographic portraits from the Fricke Collection
  • 2018: Permit, Suermondt ! Collectors, connoisseurs, art patrons
  • 2018: Walter Dohmen - Works on paper from 5 decades. New acquisitions
  • 2018/19: Marc Riboud - My pictures are notes
  • 2018/19: Chambre Privée - The pop-up living room
  • 2018/19: Lively Form - bronzes and drawings by the Aachen sculptor Wolfgang Binding


  • Anton Kisa : The municipal Suermondt Museum. In: Festschrift for the 72nd meeting of German natural scientists and doctors . Julius Springer, Berlin 1900, pp. 225-231.
  • Anton Kisa (ed.): Memorandum on the occasion of the twenty-five year existence of the Suermondt Museum. Aachen 1903.
  • Felix Kuetgens (ed.): Festschrift on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Museum Association and the Suermondt Museum (1878–1928) (= Aachener Kunstblätter , issue 14). La Ruelle, Aachen 1928.
  • Ernst Günther Grimme : The Suermondt Museum. A selection (= Aachener Kunstblätter , issue 28). Photos by Ann Bredol-Lepper, Aachen 1963.

Web links

Commons : Suermondt-Ludwig-Museum  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  3. ^ Walter Kaemmerer, Bernhard Poll , Hans Siemons : Aachens history in data. Aachen 2003, ISBN 3-87519-214-1 , p. 235.
  4. page on the extension at the architecture office ; Suermondt Ludwig Museum. In: arch INFORM ..
  5. Alexander Barth: The library of the Suermondt-Ludwig-Museum: Where Putten angels watch over readers . In: 111 places in Aachen and the Euregio that you have to see . 2012, ISBN 978-3-89705-931-3 , p. 28.
  6. ^ Adam C. Oellers : Ecclesiastical goldsmithing of the 20th century. In: Aachener Kunstblätter , Volume 51, 1982.
  7. Article at Spiegel online
  8. ^ Andreas Rossmann : looted art. Give up property, keep property. In: , February 1, 2009.
  9. [1] .
  10. ^ Adam C. Oellers: Church art in the diocese of Aachen from 1930-1980 (= Aachener Kunstblätter Volume 49, 1980-81). Publishing house M. DuMont Schauberg, Cologne 1981.
  11. Dagmar Preising , Ulrike Villwock, Christine Vogt (eds.): Albrecht Dürer - Apelles des black and white . ISBN 3-929203-54-5 .

Coordinates: 50 ° 46 '24.5 "  N , 6 ° 5' 44.5"  E