Anime and Manga Convention
Anime and manga conventions are events where anime and manga fans meet. The program of conventions , which take place around the world, often includes the showing of anime films and series, sales stands for manga, anime and merchandising products, as well as trade fairs and stage performances , including in particular cosplay competitions.
Certain offers have established themselves at larger of these often multi-day events with sometimes thousands of visitors. This often includes rooms for exhibitors (dealers, clubs, publishers, etc.), demonstrations of anime in specially designed video rooms, competitions for cosplay and drawings (usually in conjunction with an exhibition), workshops on various topics such as manga drawing, Go , etc. and book signing by guests of honor from home and abroad. In the center of these events there is usually a central stage, on which not only cosplay but also other presentations are offered. Depending on the convention, there may be other special features.
The mood at anime conventions is comparable to large family celebrations, where a large part of the audience is keen to meet like-minded people. For some years now, fans have been increasingly meeting up in advance on the Internet in relevant forums and expressing their solidarity, for example by wearing uniform clothing (cosplay) on a specific topic.
Modern anime conventions have their roots in American science fiction and comic conventions. From the end of the 1970s, such events, such as Comic-Con or Lunacon, held demonstrations of anime TV series that were popular in the USA at the time, such as Brave Raideen and Star Blazers , which were soon imported from Japan Original Anime Versions. Dave Merill mentions the first YamatoCon , which took place in Dallas on August 13, 1983, as the first independent major anime event ever . However, these first attempts did not last long, u. A. due to the frequently changing organizers. As the first long-term successful western anime convention, the Project A-Kon in Dallas, which still exists today, established itself in 1990 . As the first convention with great support from the American anime publishers and with Japanese guests, Fred Patten mentions the AnimeCon 1991. The first Anime Expo took place in 1992 and is still one of the largest conventions to this day. A decisive factor in the fact that anime like Akira also became known to a larger audience outside of Japan at the time. As a result, from the early 1990s onwards, more and more events such as Animethon , Otakon and JACON arose in the United States , some of which still take place today and attract up to several tens of thousands of visitors.
Due to the increasing spread of these media, many smaller events were founded in areas that are not covered by the large and established events. But the market economy has also discovered these events for itself, and so new products are often presented in such a setting.
The relatively low number of visitors to German-language events in an international comparison is attributed, among other things, to the fact that comics are not as widely accepted in Germany as in other countries. In Germany, for example, there is still no specific categorization for comics, which is described as “for children”, “for collectors” and “for in between”. In this context, the poor cooperation between publishers of literary works and other media such as the Internet and television is also criticized.
Anime conventions in German-speaking countries
There have been regional private anime and manga meetings in Germany since around the mid-1990s. The first regional anime convention in Germany was the iHAT in Hamburg, which took place for the first time in June 1998. The first Germany-wide anime convention was the Neo Moon project organized by the “ Sailor Moon Online Fanclub” (SMOF) from September 19-20, 1998 in Zorneding near Munich , and the first anime convention that still takes place annually today was the Anime Marathon des Anime no Tomodachi , which took place from March 26th to 28th, 1999 in Königs Wusterhausen . Also one of the first conventions in German-speaking countries were the AniNite in Vienna in 2001 and the Japanimanga Night in Winterthur , today in Davos .
The largest German-speaking conventions are AnimagiC , first organized by AnimaniA in the summer of 1999 , Connichi in Kassel, organized by Animexx since 2002, with 27,000 visitors , and DoKomi in Düsseldorf, held for the first time in 2009, with over 40,000 visitors. The Manga Comic Convention has been taking place in Leipzig since 2014, embedded in the Leipzig Book Fair , with more than 100,000 visitors since 2017.
Anime conventions international
The largest European anime convention is the French Japan Expo in Paris with 247,000 visitors, ahead of the Italian Lucca Comics in Lucca (includes video games and comics in general) with 240,000 visitors and the Spanish Salón del Manga in Barcelona with 63,000 visitors. The largest anime conventions in the USA are the Anime Expo in Southern California with almost 41,000 visitors and the Otakon in Baltimore / Maryland with 22,000 visitors.
An event comparable to the conventions in Japan is the Comic Market held twice a year in Tokyo with 550,000 visitors at the 73rd event, a sales exhibition of self-drawn manga ( doujinshi ) without a show program. The Anime Japan since 2014 has the classic offer of a convention.
List of Manga and Anime Conventions
|AkiCon||Austria , Graz||2007–…||3000||not in Graz until 2012|
|AnimagiC||Germany , Mannheim||1999–…||28,000||until 2005 in Koblenz , from 2006 to 2016 in Bonn|
|AniMaCo||Germany , Berlin||2004-2018||7000||changed annually with Mega Manga Convention with which they merged in 2019 for MEX-Berlin|
|Anime Contents Expo||Japan , Chiba||2011-2013||70,000||Elimination from the Tokyo International Anime Fair , with this 2014 Anime Japan merged|
|Anime Expo||United States , Anaheim||1991– ...||357.178||in the first year in San José|
|Anime marathon||Germany||1999–…||from the Anime no Tomodachi association , changing location, is one of the oldest of its kind in Germany|
|Anime Messe Berlin||Germany||2015–…||6500||changing location|
|AnimeJapan||Japan , Tokyo||2014–…||145,000||Merger of the Tōkyō Kokusai Anime Fair and Anime Contents Expo|
|Animuc||Germany , Fürstenfeldbruck||2009–…||3000|
|AniNite||Austria , Vienna||2001–…||24,000|
|BiMaCo||Germany , Bitterfeld-Wolfen||2011–…||400|
|ChisaiiCon||Germany , Hamburg||2006-2018||No con organized in 2007 and 2008; after eleven cons it was decided not to let the con take place anymore|
|Chizuru||Germany , Dortmund||2015–…||1,300|
|Conneko||Germany , Ludwigshafen am Rhein||2003-2006||3000|
|Connichi||Germany , Kassel||2002–…||27,000||Ludwigshafen am Rhein 2002|
|Contopia||Germany , Dortmund||2005-2015||2000||Suspended in 2011|
|CosDay||Germany , Frankfurt am Main||2004-2010||3000|
|CosDay²||Germany , Frankfurt am Main||2011–…||6000|
|D-Con||Scotland , Dundee||2009-2011||3000|
|DeDeCo||Germany , Dresden||2012– ...||7500|
|DoJaKu||Germany , Dortmund||2010–…||600||monthly event|
|DoKomi||Germany , Düsseldorf||2008–…||40,000|
|Fuyu Convention||Austria , Mürzzuschlag||2011–…|
|Hanami||Germany , Ludwigshafen am Rhein||2006–…||5200|
|Japan Expo||France , Villepinte||1999–…||247,000|
|Japan Matsuri||Switzerland , Bellinzona||2012– ...||6000|
|JapAniManga Night||Switzerland , Davos||2001–…||3500||until 2014 in Winterthur|
|J-Con||Germany , Merzig||2004– ...||900||until 2005 in Beckingen|
|LoriCon||Austria , Seefeld in Tirol||2018–…||1000-1300|
|MACConvention||Austria , Upper Austria||2005–2012||4000|
|Made in Japan||Austria , Wiener Neustadt||2007–…|
|Manga comic convention||Germany , Leipzig||2014–…||105,000||since 2001 as the comics section of the Leipzig Book Fair , since 2014 as a separate book fair event|
|Mega Manga Convention||Germany , Berlin||2002-2017||12,600||has changed annually with AniMaCo since 2004 , with whom she merged to form MEX-Berlin in 2019|
|Manga & Entertainment Expo||Germany , Berlin||2019–…||16,000||Merger of the AniMaCo and the Mega Manga Convention|
|MiZacKo||Germany , Zwickau||2015–…||500||2019 paused|
|NiCon||Germany , Hanover||2005–…||800|
|NipponCon||Germany , Bremen||2010–…|
|Nippon Nation||Austria , Vienna||2015–…||2015 in the TU Wien, from 2016 in the Museumsquartier|
|NyanCon||Austria , Linz||2012– ...||2000|
|Otakon||United States , Baltimore||1994– ...||107,500|
|Polymanga||Switzerland , Lausanne||2006–…||30,000|
|Sakana Matsuri||Germany , Berlin||2014–…|
|Salón del Manga de Barcelona||Spain , Barcelona||1995– ...||130,000|
|Shumatsu||Germany , Dresden||1998-2008|
|TiCon||Germany , Wurzburg||2008–…||1200|
|Tōkyō Kokusai Anime Fair||Japan , Tokyo||2002-2013||50000-132000||2014 Anime Contents Expo to Anime Japan merged|
|Like.MAI.KAI||Germany , Wiesbaden||2007–…||1000|
- International List of anime conventions (English)
- Overview of national and international events and fan meetings on the Animexx website
- Overview & photos of national conventions
- Sebastian Keller: The Manga and its scene in Germany from the beginnings in the 1980s to the present: Manga - more than just big eyes . GRIN Verlag, 2008, ISBN 978-3-638-94029-0 , pp. 97-102 .
- Fred Patten: Watching Anime, Reading Manga - 25 Years of Essays and Reviews . Stone Bridge Press, 2004. pp. 22-25, 60.
- Dave Merrill: Anime conventions and their Yamato roots. February 2009, archived from the original on April 2, 2012 ; Retrieved February 1, 2009 .
- Fred Patten: Watching Anime, Reading Manga - 25 Years of Essays and Reviews . Stone Bridge Press, 2004. pp. 80-82.
- Sebastian Keller: The Manga and its scene in Germany from the beginnings in the 1980s to the present: Manga - more than just big eyes . GRIN Verlag, 2008, ISBN 978-3-638-94029-0 , pp. 15 .
- Anne-Laure Walter: 247 473 visiteurs sont venus pour le 16th Japan Expo. Livres-Hebdo , July 10, 2015, accessed on July 11, 2015 (French).
- What is the Comic Market. (PDF; 2.3 MB) Comic Market Preparations Committee, February 2008, accessed on October 22, 2009 .
- AkiCon. AkiCon, 2014, accessed July 4, 2014 .
- 20 years of AnimagiC: Become a helper on our big convention anniversary 2018! ( Memento from October 17, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
- opinion visitor feedback 2012 AniMaCo e. V.
- Anime Contents Expo Day 1 and 2. Anime News Network, March 31, 2012, accessed May 14, 2016 .
- View from the Show Floor - Anime Contents Expo. In: Anime News Network. March 31, 2013, accessed May 14, 2016 .
- Information on Anime Expo 2017. In: Anime Expo. Retrieved March 18, 2018 .
- Anime Messe Berlin 2018, marketing concept. (PDF) Retrieved March 18, 2018 .
- Here is Everything about Anime - The 5th Anniversary of AnimeJapan! Many memorial projects planned for March 2018! (PDF) October 10, 2017, accessed on March 18, 2018 .
- Pia Harlass: False breasts can be learned. April 17, 2013, accessed March 9, 2014 .
- Thanks to 24,000 visitors. facebook.com, 2017, accessed March 18, 2018 .
- Fascination Manga and Anime. In: WochenSpiegel. September 2, 2013, accessed March 19, 2014 .
- Event series Chisaii - Anime Treffen Hamburg. In: Animexx .de. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- ChisaiiCon. In: chisaiicon.de. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- 1300 Anime fans populated the city and the northern part of the city
- Con-neko 2006 report, facts and figures. Animate (Forum) April 6, 2006, archived from the original on September 27, 2007 ; Retrieved July 7, 2014 .
- 27,000 visitors came to the Connichi manga fair in Kassel. In: Hessian Lower Saxony General. September 9, 2019, accessed December 4, 2019 .
- That's why 2000 people in crazy disguises came to Dortmund. (No longer available online.) In: Ruhr Nachrichten. Lensing Medien GmbH & Co. KG, June 30, 2013, archived from the original ; accessed on March 7, 2014 .
- Contopia: Contopia celebrates its 10th anniversary
- Japanese animation fans converge in Dundee. In: The Press and Journal. August 3, 2010, archived from the original on January 31, 2014 ; accessed on March 21, 2014 .
- DeDeCo 2018 - Our premiere in the new Location + Feedback competition. DeDeCo eV, February 21, 2018, accessed on March 18, 2018 .
- That's how flashy Dortmund's biggest anime and manga hangout is. In: Ruhr news. November 25, 2013, accessed March 12, 2014 .
- Thousands of disguised people visit the "Dokomi". In: Rheinische Post. June 3, 2017. Retrieved August 3, 2017 .
- Website of the Japan Matsuri. Japan Matsuri, May 31, 2016, accessed May 31, 2016 .
- website of JapAniManga Night. JapAniManga Night, 2016, accessed May 20, 2016 .
- J-Con website - Who are we? J-Con, 2015, accessed February 20, 2018 .
- Thanks to 1300 visitors. Twitter, June 18, 2018, accessed July 6, 2019 .
- Thanks to over 1000 visitors. Twitter, July 15, 2019, accessed July 6, 2019 .
- MACConvention website. MACConvention, 2014, accessed July 4, 2014 .
- Leipzig Book Fair breaks its visitor record again. (No longer available online.) MDR, March 27, 2017, archived from the original on May 6, 2017 ; accessed on May 2, 2017 .
- MMC press kit 2017. MMC Berlin e. V., October 2016, accessed April 30, 2017 .
- Statement from the organizer. May 13, 2018, accessed September 11, 2019 .
- Otakon History: Stats Page. (No longer available online.) Otakon, archived from the original January 9, 2014 ; Retrieved January 20, 2014 .
- Monami Thakur: Polymanga Cosplay: Bizarre Blend of Mangas, Video Games and Japanese Culture. In: International Business Times. April 10, 2012, accessed July 4, 2014 .
- Bilan Polymanga 2014. (No longer available online.) Polymanga, April 24, 2014, archived from the original on April 27, 2014 ; Retrieved July 4, 2014 .
- 1200 Manga fans from all over Germany in Würzburg. In: Main-Post. November 21, 2011, accessed March 8, 2014 .
- Archive of the fair. Tōkyō Kokusai Anime Fair, 2013, accessed May 14, 2016 (Japanese).
- Anime-Manga-Scene meets in the Kasteler Bürgerhaus. (No longer available online.) In: Wiesbadener Kurier. June 13, 2012, archived from the original on March 4, 2016 ; accessed on March 8, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.