|Oblast :||Kherson Oblast|
|Rajon :||Chaplynka district|
|Height :||no information|
|Area :||10 km²|
|Residents :||2,696 (2019)|
|Population density :||270 inhabitants per km²|
|Area code :||+380 5538|
|Geographic location :|
|Administrative structure :||1 urban-type settlement , 5 settlements|
|Mayor :||Vitaly Kasemyrovytsch|
|Address:||вул. Соборна буд. 28
75 230 смт. Асканія-Нова
|Website :||Official website of the Askanija-Nowa municipality|
Askanija-Nowa ( Ukrainian Асканія-Нова ; Russian Аскания-Нова ) is an urban-type settlement in the south of the Ukrainian Oblast of Kherson with about 2,700 inhabitants (2019). It is named after the Ascanian counts .
- Geographical location
Askania-Nova since 2016, the administrative center of the settlement same community to which the 6 settlements Illinka ( Іллінка ) with about 560 inhabitants, Komysch ( Комиш ) with about 310 inhabitants, Makejev ( Маркеєв ) Molotchne ( Молочне ) with about 760 inhabitants, Nowyj Etap ( Новий Етап ) with about 70 inhabitants, and Pytomnyk ( Питомник ) with about 850 inhabitants.
In 1828 , Duke Ferdinand von Anhalt-Köthen founded a colony of the Duchy of Anhalt-Köthen with the name Ascania Nova . The transfer of the land (550 km²) took place on March 3rd by a ukase from the Tsar. The name, transcribed in Russian Askanija-Nowa, refers to the Anhalt ducal family of the Ascanians and means New Ascania . The estate was also known as Gut Tschapli .
The ducal house sold the estate with 30,000 sheep in 1856 for around 1.5 million gold marks to the German-Russian aristocratic landowner Friedrich Fein .
In addition to breeding livestock, his descendants began building a zoo in 1874 and a botanical garden in 1887. In the late 1890s, they were considered the best sheep breeders in Russia. Horses for the Russian military were also bred here.
During the October Revolution of 1917 the courtyard was badly devastated; the German owners, the Falz-Fein family, had to flee to Germany or were shot by Red Guards. In 1921 the Askanija-Nova estate was declared a nature reserve, making it the oldest in present-day Ukraine.
Askanija-Nowa has had the status of an urban-type settlement since 1938. In 1940 the open-air park was re-established on the territory of the former estate.
As a result of the Second World War , many animals were lost as spoils of war or fighting, as well as all scientific documents.
Since 1956, the nature reserve around the Askanija-Nowa settlement has been subordinate to the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences and is called the Ukrainian Scientific Ivanov Institute, a research institute for steppe animals . The nature reserve has been registered in the UNESCO International System of Nature Reserves since 1984 .
→ Detailed description under Askanija-Nowa (nature reserve)
- Административно-териториальные преобразования в Крыму. 1783 - 1998 гг. / Справочник. - Simferopol: Таврия-плюс, 1999.
- Барановская Л.В., Бугаев В.А., Чернявская Н.Н. Аскания-Нова // История городов и сел Украинской ССР в двадцати шести томах. Херсонская область.– К .: Институт истории АН УССР– Глав. ред. УСЭ, 1983.
- Chronicle of Askanija-Nova in the time of the Anhalt possession // Аскания-Нова в исторических планах и рисунках 1828 - 1856 гг. / Сост. Х.Шван. - СПб. – Магдебург – Кетен, 2008.
- History of the place on mycity.kherson.ua (Ukrainian)
- Historical pictures of Askanija-Nowa on mycity.kherson.ua (Ukrainian)
- Head of the church on the official website of the church; accessed on June 8, 2020 (Ukrainian)
- Demographics of Ukrainian cities and settlements on pop-stat.mashke.org; accessed on June 8, 2020
- Відповідно до Закону України "Про добровільне об'єднання територіальних громад" у Херсонській області у Чаплинському районі Асканія-Нова селищна і Маркеєвська сільська ради рішеннями від 13 і 15 липня 2016 року об'єдналися у Асканія-Нову селищну територіальну громаду
- Local history of Askanija-Nowa in the history of the cities and villages of the Ukrainian SSR ; accessed on June 8, 2020 (Ukrainian)