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Coat of arms of the former city of Belgern
Coordinates: 51 ° 28 ′ 56 "  N , 13 ° 7 ′ 33"  E
Height : 156 m above sea level NN
Area : 17.31 km²
Residents : 2759  (May 9, 2011)
Population density : 159 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : January 1, 2013
Postal code : 04874
Area code : 034224
Belgern (Saxony)

Location of Belgians in Saxony

Belgern is a district of the town of Belgern-Schildau in the district of North Saxony in Saxony (Germany). It is located on a hill on the left bank of the Elbe.


Belgern was first mentioned in a document on June 5, 973. On February 27, 983, the civitas Belgora is mentioned for the first time . In the chronicle of Bishop Thietmar von Merseburg, Belgern is mentioned three times between 1010 and 1017. The Slavic name Belgora means "White Mountain" and refers to the location of the place. On May 6, 1286, Belgern was referred to in a document by Bodo von Eilenburg to settle a border dispute between Belgerans and the abbot of Buch as "oppidum" (meaning "city" at that time).

From 1575 to 1578 the town hall was built in the Renaissance style. In 1610, the stone was Roland built which took the place of the wooden Rolande.

In administrative terms, Belgern initially belonged to the Saxon office of Belgern , which in 1570 came from the Electorate of Saxony to the Wurzen monastery of the Diocese of Meissen , but was reassigned to Electoral Saxony and the Office of Torgau in 1581 with the death of the last Bishop of Meissen . During the Thirty Years' War , Belgern, which had no modern fortifications, was plundered several times by imperial and Swedish troops and finally almost completely destroyed in 1632. In 1646 only seven married couples and three children of the once 20,000 inhabitants lived in the city, which sank to complete insignificance after the war. In 1815 the area came to Prussia, which established the district of Torgau in the administrative district of Merseburg in the province of Saxony. From 1947 Belgern belonged to the state of Saxony-Anhalt and, after the administrative reform of 1952, to the Torgau district in the Leipzig district. After a referendum in 1990, the Torgau district was assigned to the state of Saxony .

With effect from January 1, 2013, the cities of Belgern and Schildau became the new city of Belgern-Schildau. According to the main statute, Belgern was previously divided into the core city and the districts:

Most recently Belgern had around 4700 inhabitants.


Former parish date annotation
Ammelgoßwitz July 1, 1950 Incorporation to Liebersee
Bockwitz March 1, 1994
Dobeltitz July 1, 1950 Incorporation after Mahitzschen
Kaisa July 1, 1950 Incorporation to Lausa
Lausa January 1, 1999
Liebersee March 1, 1994
Mahitzschen April 1, 1993
Neußen January 1, 1999
Oelzschau July 1, 1950 Incorporation to Wohlau
Seydewitz July 1, 1950 Incorporation to Wohlau
Wohlau March 1, 1994


In the city council election on September 1, 2019, the following allocation of seats resulted for the city council:

In the mayoral election on March 24, 2013, Eike Petzold (independent) was elected as the new mayor in the first ballot with 54.4% of the vote. The turnout was 54.3%.

Culture and sights


The Church of Saint Bartholomew
The town hall with the Roland built in 1610 (left). On the left in the background the main building of Topfmarkt 7 with the new Museum of Belgern
The Roland in Belgern
Saxon postal mileage column
Oschatzer Gate

On the left side of the town hall, a renaissance building built between 1575 and 1578 , stands the 1610 stone Roland , almost six meters tall . It is the only surviving Roland statue in the Free State of Saxony. There is also a Roland Park near the new town hall, which is used for events, with miniature editions of Rolanden from all over Germany.

On the market square there is a replica of the Kursächsische Postdistanzsäule back in its original location, the essential original parts of which from 1730 have been preserved in the museum.

The place is dominated by the church of St. Bartholomew from 1512. A memorial stone in front of the church commemorates a visit by Martin Luther in 1522.

The monastery courtyard was once the seat of the Buch monastery , which Belgians ruled for around 200 years. The Oschatzer Gate has been preserved as part of the city fortifications.


The Treblitzscher Park is located near Belgern . Acquired in 1928 by a resident landowner, the five-hectare area was redesigned into a landscape park. During the planting, different locations of the park area were considered in an excellent way. The park was protected from cold east and north winds by thick, hedge-like vegetation. This and the extremely favorable local climatic conditions - a lot of water and damp areas increase the humidity, the location on the edge of the plateau allows the cold air to flow off towards the Elbe - make it possible to cultivate an extraordinary variety of foreign trees in a small space. Nevertheless, no wood collection ( arboretum ) was created, but a landscape park designed according to aesthetic criteria.


Soccer, volleyball, handball and bowling teams are represented in the SV Roland Belgern club, which currently has 612 members. There is also a boxing relay, a table tennis department, a gymnast team and, since 2009, a hiking department.

The Privileged Rifle Guild Belgern 1478 eV comprises around 70 club members, which is divided into a body company, grenadier company, hunter company and a sport shooting company.

Overall, every third Belgeran is active in a club.


In addition to two Guggenmusik associations, there are also the Rolandstädter Blasmusikverein and the Rolandstädter Spielmannszug Belgern eV The latter was founded in 1920 and is one of the oldest marching bands in Saxony.

Regular events

Whitsun every year the town and shooting festival takes place in Belgern. This traditionally begins on Friday with a torchlight parade and fireworks. The annual festival attracts several thousand visitors to Rolandstadt every time. The celebrations around the open-air stage are celebrated in the Döhner city ​​park . The Rolandstädter Blasmusikverein, the Heide-Guggis eV and the Privileged Rifle Guild Belgern 1478 eV are significantly involved in the course of the festival

Economy and Infrastructure


Aerial view of the Gierseilfähre on the Elbe in Belgern
  • The international Elbe cycle path leads directly past Belgern.
  • The federal highway 182 leads through the place.
  • A yaw ferry connects Belgern with the other bank of the Elbe.
  • Between the Belgern-Schildau districts of Staritz and Seydewitz, an Elbe bridge connects Saxony and Brandenburg towards Mühlberg .
  • From 1915 to 1995 the Torgau – Belgern railway ran through the city. In Mahitzschen there was a train station on this route. Belgern train station was also the terminus. Both stations were used by passenger traffic until 1962.


There are several day-care centers in Belgium, as well as a primary school . Since the summer of 2019 there has been a private school of the Evangelical School Community Niederlausitz.


Sons and daughters of the place


  • Karl R. Bertram, Gustav H. Bertram: Chronicle of the city of Belgern and the surrounding area . Belgern 1860 ( digitized version )
  • Rico Heyl: Small cities of little gentlemen. Constitution and administration of the cities of Belgern, Dahlen and Penig in the late Middle Ages (1350 - 1520) . In: Blätter für deutsche Landesgeschichte 152 (2016), pp. 99–186.
  • An extensive tradition of the city of Belgern for the period 1506–1955 on imperial, constitutional and community matters, the city court, finances, military and war affairs, school, church, health and social services, trade, trade, industry, order and security police , Building management, agriculture, traffic, energy, water management, fire protection, statistics, elections and associations is in the Saxon State Archives, inventory 20597 city of Belgern.

Web links

Commons : Belgern  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Belgians  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Small-scale municipality sheet for Belgern-Schildau, city. (PDF; 795 kB) State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony , September 2014, accessed on May 29, 2015 .
  2. Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Diplomata, documents of Otto II., D OII 30: Confirmation of possessions for the Archdiocese of Magdeburg, u. a. in Gau Nidkike with the place Belgora , see
  3. Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Diplomata, documents of Otto II., D OII 184: Transfer from Setleboresdorf to the diocese of Meißen with the Elbe customs between Meißen and the civitasbelora , see . The term civitas does not allow any conclusions to be drawn about the urban character. Castles were also called civitas .
  4. ↑ In 1010 the army gathered inbelori before the Polish campaign (Thietmar VI / 56). In 1012 propebelori was again a station on the Polish campaign (Thietmar VI / 69). In 1017 Thietmar reports about an attack by Boleslaw on the urbsbelori (Thietmar VII / 61), see in Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores rerum Germanicarum, Nova series (SS rer. Germ. NS) Volume 9.
  5. ^ Ernst Eichler and Hans Walther : Saxony. All city names and their history, Faber and Faber, Leipzig 2007, p. 45
  6. ^ Dieter Pötschke: A city owned by a monastery. The Cistercian monastery Buch, the city of Belgern and their Roland , in: Studies on the history, art and culture of the Cistercians, Vol. 2, Berlin ²2000, pp. 53–63
  8. StBA: Area changes from January 1st to December 31st, 2013
  9. General statute of the city of Belgern of June 21, 2006
  10. The Rolandpark in Belgern
  11. 20597 City of Belgern. In: State Archives Leipzig. Retrieved March 26, 2020 . (Info text on Belgians under "Introduction")