Carl Theodor Giller

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Carl Theodor Giller (also: Karl ) (born May 11, 1805 in Kassel ; † October 10, 1879 in Hanau ) was an administrative officer from the Electorate of Hesse and later Prussian . From autumn 1851 to January 18, 1854 he was district administrator of the Fulda district and from January 19, 1854 to March 31, 1875 of the Gelnhausen district .

He was a good lawyer, experienced administrative officer and member of parliament, but also a seaman, a soldier with the French, who, at over 60, married a 38-year-old from the village.

Origin and family

Giller was born as the son of the judicial officer and later court counselor Christof Friedrich Giller and his wife Marie. Bretthauer born in Kassel. He was widowed three times and was his fourth marriage to an innkeeper, Marie Henriette Prinz (born October 6, 1827 in Rothenbergen , † June 16, 1893 in Hanau ) from Rothenbergen (Gasthaus Fass).

education and profession

On April 3, 1822, Giller began to study law at the Hessian State University in Marburg, interrupted this for a stay abroad, but soon continued and passed the state legal examination on October 3, 1827 (oral: very good; written: not without significant errors). After an internship at the Marburg Regional Court , he became an assessor in Frankenberg on February 20, 1830 , and at the end of 1831 a judicial officer in the Oberaula Justice Office . From 1834 he was a judicial officer in Burghaun and from 1838 in Grebenstein . In 1845 he went to Schmalkalden as a district judge and in June 1850 to Fulda as a judicial officer.

District Administrator in Fulda

After restoring the old administrative structure in Hesse, Giller became district administrator in Fulda in autumn 1851.

District Administrator in Gelnhausen

His request to swap places and functions with District Administrator Schmidt in Gelnhausen was initially rejected, but was then approved on January 19, 1854 with reimbursement of moving expenses while maintaining the annual salary (1100 thalers). Giller was district administrator in Gelnhausen for 21 years. During his tenure, Kurhessen came to Prussia as a result of the annexation in 1866; the district expanded to include the Bavarian district of Orb due to the peace treaty of August 22, 1866 , but this initially remained a special administrative district "similar to the administrative districts" until the new district regulations came into force in the former Duchy of Nassau ... exist as narrower administrative districts ... "For this district" a district official subordinate to the district administrator in question was appointed ... who should bear the title of bailiff, and whose competence is to be determined by special instructions ". Initially, the Bavarian municipal constitutional laws continued to apply. Giller also remained under the Kingdom of Prussia until March 31, 1875. He then retired and lived in Hanau.


From 1867 Giller was a deputy for the 13th electoral district (Gelnhausen and Schlüchtern districts) in the municipal parliament of the Kassel government district . For the absence during the session, he had to be represented repeatedly. From 1873 to 1876 Giller belonged to the conservative faction of the provincial parliament of the Prussian province of Hessen-Nassau in Kassel.


Giller was noticed by his superiors through at least two unusual "actions": Once he left the university after just 18 months and was hired as a seaman in Hamburg; as far as Brest , he joined a French regiment and was to be deployed with his unit in Guadeloupe . Giller managed to break away from his obligations and return to his homeland in an adventurous way. His re- enrollment was approved and he studied quickly until his first state examination . Secondly, it was his fourth marriage, as his superiors not befitting noticed. The (Prussian) supervisory authorities took note that an over 60-year-old district administrator had married a 38-year-old innkeeper from the village . The Oberpräsident in Kassel informed the Ministry of the Interior in Berlin that if the position was to be filled with the successor, care had to be taken that “in addition to his qualification as an administrative officer, he is appropriately married and able to communicate with the gentlemen in the Gelnhausen district (the Counts of Ysenburg-Büdingen-Meerholz and the princes of Ysenburg-Büdingen-Wächtersbach). "



  • Thomas Klein: Senior officials in the general administration in the Prussian province of Hessen-Nassau and in Waldeck 1867–1945 (= sources and research on Hessian history. 70). Ed. Hessische Historische Kommission Darmstadt and Historical Commission for Hessen, Darmstadt / Marburg 1988, ISBN 3-88443-159-5 , p. 127.
  • Biographical handbook for the Prussian House of Representatives: 1867–1918. Edited by Bernhard Mann with the assistance of Martin Doerry , Cornelia Rauh and Thomas Kühne. Droste, Düsseldorf 1988, ISBN 3-7700-5146-7 , p. 665.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Eckhart G. Franz , Georg Rösch : The district administrators in 150 years in the Gelnhausen district: Carl Theodor Giller. In: 150 years of the Gelnhausen district - home yearbook of the Gelnhausen district - between Vogelsberg and Spessart 1971. Gelnhausen 1970, p. 40
  3. § 1 of the ordinance of July 7, 1851, concerning the restructuring of the internal state administration. In: Wilhelm Möller and Karl Fuchs (eds.), Collection of the legal provisions still valid in the Electorate of Hesse from 1813 to 1866, Marburg and Leipzig (Elwert) 1867, pp. 1247–1253
  5. District regulation of June 7, 1885, collection of laws for the Royal Prussian States ( prussia GS) 1885 p. 193
  6. All-Highest Decree of June 24, 1867., regarding the establishment of special administrative offices for the former Grand Ducal Hessian District of Vöhl and the former Bavarian District of Orb , Collection of Laws for the Royal Prussian States ( prussian GS) 1867 [No. 73] p. 1261 [No. 6753]
  7. Ordinance concerning the future constitution and administration of the communities in the kingdom of May 17, 1818 ( Bavarian Journal of Laws p. 49 ) including the law on revision ... of the same of July 1, 1834 ( Bavarian Journal of Laws p. 109 )
  8. Georg Rösch A district administrator who was once a seaman - not married “appropriately”. Carl Theodor Giller was far from "the higher circles" In: 150 years Gelnhausen district - home yearbook of the Gelnhausen district - between Vogelsberg and Spessart 1971, Gelnhausen 1970, p. 61 f.