Charles Lloyd (* 15. March 1938 in Memphis , Tennessee ) is an American tenor saxophonist and flutist of modern jazz . As early as the mid-1960s, he brought the achievements of modal jazz together with a rock- oriented rhythm and, with his mixture of jazz, rock, blues and folk music, was the first jazz musician in America and Europe to conquer young rock audiences.
Live and act
In 1955 Lloyd played his first professional gigs with Terry Trotter and Don Cherry . Since 1956 he studied composition at the University of Southern California and got to know musicians like Eric Dolphy , Ornette Coleman , Charlie Haden , Billy Higgins , Bobby Hutcherson and Frank Strozier . In the late 1950s he played in B. B. King's band and with Bobby Blue Bland . In the early 1960s he became a member of Gerald Wilson's band and in the chamber music quintet of Chico Hamilton ; at Hamilton he quickly became the main composer.
After a short time with the Cannonball Adderley Sextet in the mid-1960s , he founded his own quartet with the later jazz stars Keith Jarrett , Cecil McBee and Jack DeJohnette . After touring Europe (including the Eastern Bloc at the time) and appearing at the Newport and Monterey Jazz Festival , the quartet became extremely popular due to their skillful marketing and wide-ranging repertoire. The quartet's music also reached audiences beyond jazz and enabled them, for example, to perform in the Fillmore West , where otherwise well-known rock music stars were almost without exception. Instead of McBee, Ron McClure had already become a member of the quartet in 1967 , which disbanded in 1969. Lloyd withdrew from the scene apart from occasional recordings (sometimes together with musicians from the Beach Boys ) and worked as a teacher for Transcendental Meditation .
In the 1980s, Michel Petrucciani convinced him to return to the music business. After successful records with Petrucciani for the Elektra label and Blue Note Records , Lloyd switched to ECM in the late 1980s . There he initially played partly with Scandinavian musicians from the ECM tribe. Since 1999 he has been working with all-American bands again, in which he works with musicians such as B. Billy Higgins, Ralph Peterson , Geri Allen , Larry Grenadier , Brad Mehldau , Jason Moran or Eric Harland played together. His New Quartet has existed since 2007 with Jason Moran, Reuben Rogers and Eric Harland; in addition, it also appears in other constellations.
Lloyd is able to play the saxophone and the flute with virtuosity and at the same time very memorable. On the tenor saxophone, for example, the influences of Lester Young and Coleman Hawkins are skilfully and entertainingly combined with the anthemic attitude of John Coltrane . In addition, he occasionally uses the taragato and the gyaling , the Tibetan form of the oboe . “Coltrane brought the element of spirituality to music. That shaped me, ”the saxophonist confessed in an interview. The film Charles Lloyd: Arrows Into Infinity (2012) follows the long and glamorous career of Charles Lloyd.
|Discovery! The Charles Lloyd Quartet||1964||Columbia||with Don Friedman (piano), Eddie Khan (bass), Richard Davis (bass), Roy Haynes , JC Moses (drums)|
|Of course of course||1965||Columbia||with Gábor Szabó (guitar), Ron Carter (bass), Tony Williams (drums), Albert Stinson (bass), Pete LaRoca (drums), Robbie Robertson (guitar)|
|Dream Weaver||1966||Atlantic||with Jack DeJohnette (drums), Keith Jarrett (piano), Cecil McBee (bass)|
|Forest Flower||1966||Atlantic||Live at the Monterey Jazz Festival 1966 / with Jack DeJohnette (drums), Keith Jarrett (piano), Cecil McBee (bass), Ron McClure (bass)|
|Waves||1972||AT THE||with Gábor Szabó (guitar), Roger McGuinn (guitar), Mike Love (vocals) a. a.|
|Montreux '82||1982||Elektra||Live at the Montreux Jazz Festival July 1982 / with Michel Petrucciani (piano), Palle Danielsson (bass), Sonship Theus (drums)|
|A night in Copenhagen||1983||Blue note||Live in Copenhagen July 11, 1983, with Michel Petrucciani (piano), Palle Danielsson (bass), Woody Sonship Theus (drums) and Bobby McFerrin (vocals)|
|Fish out of water||1989||ECM||with Bobo Stenson (piano), Palle Danielsson (bass), Jon Christensen (drums)|
|Notes from Big Sur||1991||ECM||with Bobo Stenson (piano), Anders Jormin (bass), Ralph Peterson (drums)|
|Acoustic Masters Vol. 1||1993||Atlantic||with Cedar Walton (piano), Buster Williams (bass), Billy Higgins (drums)|
|The call||1993||ECM||with Bobo Stenson (piano), Anders Jormin (bass), Billy Hart (drums)|
|All My Relations||1994||ECM||with Bobo Stenson (piano), Anders Jormin (bass), Billy Hart (drums)|
|Canto||1996||ECM||with Bobo Stenson (piano), Anders Jormin (bass), Billy Hart (drums)|
|Voice in the Night||1999||ECM||with John Abercrombie (guitar), Dave Holland (bass), Billy Higgins (drums)|
|The water is wide||2000||ECM||with Brad Mehldau (piano), John Abercrombie (guitar), Larry Grenadier (bass), Darek Oles (bass), Billy Higgins (drums) (DE: Gold / German Jazz Award )|
|Hyperion with Higgins||2001||ECM||with Brad Mehldau (piano), John Abercrombie (guitar), Larry Grenadier (bass), Billy Higgins (drums)|
|Lift Every Voice||2002||ECM||with Geri Allen (piano), John Abercrombie (guitar), Marc Johnson (bass), Larry Grenadier (bass), Billy Hart (drums)|
|Jumping the Creek||2004||ECM||with Geri Allen (piano), Robert Hurst (bass), Eric Harland (percussion)|
|Sangam||2006||ECM||Live May 2004 with Zakir Hussain (tabla, percussion) and Eric Harland (percussion, piano)|
|Rabo de Nube||2008||ECM||with Jason Moran (piano), Reuben Rogers (bass), Eric Harland (percussion)|
|Athens Concert||2011||ECM||with Maria Farantouri (vocals), Jason Moran (piano), Reuben Rogers (bass), Eric Harland (percussion), Socratis Sinopoulos (lyre), Takis Farazis (piano)|
|Hagar's song||2012||ECM||with Jason Moran (piano and tambourine )|
|Manhattan Stories||2014||Resonance||Live recordings from 1965 with Gábor Szabó (guitar), Ron Carter (bass), Pete LaRoca (drums)|
|Wild Man Dance||2015||Blue note||Live recording 2013, with Gerald Clayton (piano), Miklós Lukács ( cimbalom ), Socratis Sinopoulos (lyre), Joe Sanders (bass), Gerald Cleaver (drums)|
|I long to see you||2015||Blue note||with The Marvels ( Bill Frisell & Greg Leisz (guitars), Reuben Rogers (bass), Eric Harland (drums) and Willie Nelson and Norah Jones )|
|Passin 'thru||2017||Blue note||Charles Lloyd New Quartet|
|Vanished Gardens||2018||Blue note||with The Marvels and Lucinda Williams|
- Carlo Bohländer , Karl Heinz Holler, Christian Pfarr: Reclam's Jazz Guide . 3rd, revised and expanded edition. Reclam, Stuttgart 1989, ISBN 3-15-010355-X .
- Wolf Kampmann (Ed.), With the assistance of Ekkehard Jost : Reclams Jazzlexikon . Reclam, Stuttgart 2003, ISBN 3-15-010528-5 .
- Martin Kunzler : Jazz Lexicon. Volume 2: M – Z (= rororo-Sachbuch. Vol. 16513). 2nd Edition. Rowohlt, Reinbek bei Hamburg 2004, ISBN 3-499-16513-9 .
- Official website
- Bert Noglik : portrait. Jazz newspaper , 2003
- Interview 2011. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
- Interview 2008. JazzTimes
- Charles Lloyd at Discogs (English)
- New Surge for a Tired, Old Idiom . LIFE June 9, 1967, p. 15
- With his album Forest Flower , recorded there , which sold more than a million times, Lloyd brought, according to publicist Tom Conrad, “the avant-garde freedoms, impressionistic harmonies, elements of what we now call world music, and variations on rock rhythms together. The mixture seemed like a siren call to the audience. ”Quoted from Martin Kunzler: Jazz-Lexikon . Volume 2. Reinbek 2002
- Ian Carr : Keith Jarrett. The Man and His Music . Paladin, London 1992, ISBN 0-586-09219-6
- Martin Kunzler: Jazz Lexicon . Volume 2. Reinbek 2002
- Review of the Mirror album . Mirror online
- Information about the cast at Answers.com
- Gold / platinum database of the Federal Association of the Music Industry, accessed on June 18, 2016
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American jazz musician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 15, 1938|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Memphis , Tennessee, USA|