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Desná coat of arms
Desná (Czech Republic)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
Region : Liberecký kraj
District : Jablonec nad Nisou
Area : 1257.6871 ha
Geographic location : 50 ° 46 '  N , 15 ° 18'  E Coordinates: 50 ° 45 '35 "  N , 15 ° 18' 10"  E
Height: 490  m nm
Residents : 3,086 (Jan 1, 2019)
Postal code : 370 71 - 468 61
License plate : L.
Railway connection: Tanvald – Kořenov – Harrachov
Status: city
Districts: 3
Mayor : Marek Pieter (as of 2007)
Address: Krkonošská 318
468 61 Desná II
Municipality number: 563552
Website :
Roman Catholic Church

Desná (German Dessendorf ) is a town in the Okres Jablonec nad Nisou in northern Bohemia . The resort is located in the Jizera (Jizerské Hory) near the ski center Špičák (Spitzberg) , three kilometers north of Tanvald .

The city lies in the valley on the rivers Weisse and Schwarze Desse and on the surrounding slopes. In Desná there are 3550 inhabitants on 12.6 km².


Desna was founded in 1691 by Count Albrecht Maximilian Desfours . The place is entered as Desfoursdorf in the country table . However, due to its location on the river Desse, the place name Dessendorf came into being and changed to Desna under the influence of the Czech language. From the middle of the 19th century and the end of hereditary submission, Dessendorf formed a community in the judicial district of Tannwald .

The community experienced a great boom in the second half of the 19th century when a spa was opened, which was later closed again. On September 18, 1916, when the dam on the White Desse broke, a serious catastrophe occurred in the area, killing 62 people.

On the site of the former spa there is now a park with the architecturally impressive Riedelvilla, which was built in 1895 by the glass manufacturer Josef Riedel, whose grandson Claus Josef Riedel after the expulsion of the Germans from Czechoslovakia and the expropriation of the Riedel family in 1945 after the end of the Second Founded the Riedel Glas company in Kufstein during the Second World War (1939–1945) .

Since 1945 there has been a further, modest development of the glass and ceramic industry and especially of tourism as the livelihood of the population.

City structure

The city of Desná consists of the following districts:

  • Desná I (Dessendorf) with Sovín (owl)
  • Desná II - Potočná (Tiefenbach) , Pustiny (Wustung)
  • Desná III - Černá Říčka (Black River ) , Dolní Polubný (Unterpolaun) , Merklov (Markelsdorf) , Ničovy Domky (Nitschehäuser) , Novina ( Neustück , formerly: Hermannsdorf ), Souš (Darre)

Basic settlement units are Černá říčka, Černý vrch, Desná I, Desná II-východ, Desná II-západ, Desná-střed, Dolní Polubný, K protržené přehradě, Merklov, Novina, Pustiny, Souš and U skláren.

The municipality is divided into the cadastral districts Desná I, Desná II and Desná III.


The local cultural life includes concerts, exhibitions and a museum in the Riedelvilla as well as ballet, theater events in the Sklář cultural center, downhill and cross-country skiing, mountain biking, a football stadium, an athletics stadium, and a fitness center. There is a ski jumping facility in Desná .


  • Roman Catholic Church
  • Riedelvilla with the surrounding park
  • Old Catholic Church
  • Station building including rack railway
  • Darret dam in the Souš district
  • Broken dam
  • Marienberger Stiegen, created by glass workers to shorten the way to work.


The most important branch of industry in the area is the glass industry. The first glassworks was built in 1847 by Ignaz Friedrich Riedel. It was founded in 1849 by Josef Riedel the Elder. Ä. (1816–1894) adopted and expanded. His son Josef Riedel d. J. (1862–1924), who had studied chemistry at the “Ecole de Chemie” in Mulhouse , improved the quality of glass products by setting up a glass laboratory and the scientific orientation of glass production. He developed around 600 Riedel colors for the glass color palette.

Web links

Commons : Desná  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  2. Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
  6. Pressed glass correspondence The Riedel Chronicle (accessed on April 13, 2019)