City of Jena
|Height :||220 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||3.64 km²|
|Residents :||827 (Dec. 31, 2017)|
|Population density :||227 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||April 1, 1994|
|Postal code :||07751|
|Area code :||03641|
Location of Drackendorf in Thuringia
Drackendorf is located on the south-eastern outskirts of Jena in a side valley of the Saale valley . It is traversed by the Hungerbach / Hungergraben from the Langen Grund (now partially piped). Due to the expansion of Neulobeda with the university clinic, Drackendorf is directly adjacent to this Jena district.
The federal motorway 4 runs south of Drackendorf.
The German settlement Drackendorf below the Lobdeburg was first mentioned in a document on September 29, 1280 as "Drachindorf". The place was later also known as Drachindorf, Trachinsdorf, Drakendorff, or Trackendorff. The name probably goes back to the mythical creature dragon . In 1278 the “Obere Hof” on the right side of the Hungerbach was first mentioned as a “noble seat”. The owner was a Jhan von Trackendorf. In 1280 the knight Burghold received the manor "Niederhof" or "Unterer Hof" on the left side of the Hungerbach as a fiefdom of the lords Lobdeburg - Leuchtenburg .
1653–1656, the Resurrection Church in Drackendorf was rebuilt or rebuilt on the basis of a late Gothic predecessor.
After the von Griesheims (1716 to 1746), Carl Siegmund (II.) Von Ziegesar (1696–1754) acquired the Drackendorf manor through his marriage to Christiane Sophia von Griesheim in 1746. The son August Friedrich Carl von Ziegesar (1746–1813) was Chancellor of the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg , then general landscape director in Weimar until his death. Anton von Ziegesar (1783–1843) was President of the Jena Court of Appeal from 1825 and from 1829 curator of the University of Jena. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the manor / castle of the manor was the meeting place and residence of humanists and classics such as Goethe , Schopenhauer , Herder , Wieland , Caspar David Friedrich and Frommann . "Every day guests came from nearby Jena, people of good character and of every class" ( Wilhelm von Kügelgen ). Landowners in Drackendorf were then Ferdinand Heinrich Wilhelm von Helldorff from 1836 to 1853 , followed by his wife Clara, from 1876 to 1907 Georg Heinrich von Helldorff, followed by his wife Anna. The von der Helldorf family was followed by the von Perponcher-Sedlnitzky family from 1923 to 1939, and the von der Lancken-Wakenitz family owned the manor from 1939 to 1945. The Drackendorfer worked as farm workers or artisans.
On April 15, 1945, the US Army occupied the place, on July 1, the Red Army . Drackendorf became part of the Soviet occupation zone and in 1949 the GDR . The manor with 759 ha of land has been without compensation expropriated and handed over 1,946 farm workers and displaced persons in February. The good character was systematically smashed. With the decision of the Interior Minister of the State of Thuringia on December 30, 1948, the demolition of the intact and traditional mansion (castle) - inhabited by refugees - was approved. This took place under protests, ultimately on the basis of order 209 of the occupying power, with Soviet technical support in early 1949. In 1952, the LPG Drackendorf was formed. This also managed the remaining buildings on the estate.
From the turn of 1990 onwards, numerous new buildings were built in the village, including on the site of the former manor, the remaining old buildings of which were privatized.
After the fall of the Wall in 1990, new building areas were built around the old village center: Zur Lämmerlaide, Oberer Freiberg and Am König. In 1997 the manor's former sheepfold was demolished. It was built in 1882 from sandstone blocks, it was very large and could hold 500 sheep. In its place, part of the Lämmerlaide development area was built.
In 1994 the place was incorporated into Jena.
In 2012 the former mayor and local writer Kurt Voigt died.
- Resurrection Church (Drackendorf) from 1653–1656 with interesting furnishings
- Churchyard with historical grave monuments and memorial plaques. The cemetery is enclosed by a limestone wall, the crown of which is covered with sandstone blocks.
- Old rectory from 1728 and 1871. Private property since 2003, remodeled.
- War memorial in front of the rectory in memory of the fallen and missing soldiers from the town in both world wars
- Inspector's House (is not the historical manor house of the manor, which was demolished in 1949): with a short chronicle of the village and manor, as well as the coats of arms of the previous owner families of the manor
- Pavilion (Roman house) in Drackendorfer Park: built in 1854 at the instigation of Clara von Helldorf as a "salon" based on the Italian model. The pavilion has porticos, fresco paintings and statues. There used to be an elaborately designed fountain in front of the pavilion. The pavilion was in a deplorable condition at the end of the GDR era and was renewed by members of the Heimatverein after the fall of the Wall . The “tea house” was used as a kindergarten and then as an FDJ club.
- Drackendorfer Park (Schlosspark, also called Goethe Park): it was laid out in the second half of the 19th century by the manor owner von Ziegesar as an English landscape garden. Two now huge oaks were planted by her two sons on a visit by the Duchess of Orleans in 1855; a dominant copper beech is similarly old. The park now only covers 3 hectares; it used to be much larger.
- Local history museum in the former village school "Neues Schulhaus". This was initiated in 1913 by Anna von Helldorf as patroness and closed as a school in 1970/71.
- Peace linden tree from 1871, planted after the victorious war against France
- Luther oak
- Village spring: it emerges through sedimentary rock in the cellar of the house "Schafberg 4" (former granary of the estate) and is led underground to the two western ponds in Drackendorfer Park via an overflow.
Transformer house, in the background the Lobdeburg
- Drackendorfer Heimatverein eV, founded in 2002
The scenic area is accessible through a network of well-marked hiking trails.
- Daughters and sons of the place
- August Friedrich Carl von Ziegesar (1746–1813), doctor of law, senior civil servant at the courts of Saxony-Gotha-Altenburg and Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach, friend and frequent host of Goethe, father of Sylvie von Ziegesar
- Sylvie von Ziegesar (1785-1858)
- Other personalities
- Between 1776 and 1820, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749–1832) stayed more than 30 times at the Drackendorf estate and castle with the von Ziegesar family, friends. He wrote the poem "Bergschloß" here in 1802 with a view of the Lobdeburg and Silvie von Ziegesar.
- Christian Ludwig Brehm (1787–1864), the "bird pastor", was a pastor in Drackendorf in 1812, as indicated by a plaque on the church
- Carl Heinrich Ferdinand August von Helldorff (1832–1905; † in Drackendorf), Prussian manor owner, officer and politician
- Drackendorf. For the 725th anniversary. First documented mention in 1280 . Chronicle by Kurt Voigt, supplemented and with a foreword by Gerhard Müller. Edited by Drackendorfer Heimatverein eV Eigen-Verlag, Jena 2006
- Thomas Bienert: Musenhof from the Saale Valley . Row: The fate of battered and extinguished aristocratic seats in Thuringia . Thuringian General, October 2006
- Wolfgang Kahl : First mention of Thuringian towns and villages. A manual. Rockstuhl Verlag, Bad Langensalza 2010. ISBN 978-3-86777-202-0 , p. 60
- Rainer Hohberg: The Hummelshainer hunting castles and the Rieseneck hunting grounds. Förderverein Hummelshain e. V., 2007, ISBN 978-3-00-022763-9 , p. 45
- board of the local homeland association