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City of Jena
Coordinates: 50 ° 52 ′ 42 "  N , 11 ° 35 ′ 33"  E
Height : 160 m
Area : 2.23 km²
Residents : 593  (December 31, 2017)
Population density : 266 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : April 1st 1969
Postal code : 07745
Area code : 03641
Göschwitz (Thuringia)

Location of Göschwitz in Thuringia

Village church in Göschwitz (2011)
Village church in Göschwitz (2011)

Göschwitz is a district in the south of Jena in Thuringia .


Göschwitz is located on the western bank of the Saale just above the confluence of the Roda , at the foot of the Jagdberg in the south and the Mönchsberg in the north. The federal motorway 4 runs south of the district and meets the federal highway 88 at the Jena-Göschwitz exit .

Neighboring districts are Winzerla in the north, Lobeda in the east and Maua in the south. To the west is the village of Oßmaritz, which belongs to the municipality of Bucha .


In the period from 1421 to 1425 Göschwitz was first mentioned in a document, the village church Göschwitz in 1510.

Göschwitz belonged to Jena between 1922 and 1924, but it was not finally incorporated into Jena until 1969.

On December 22nd, 1885, the Saxon-Thuringian Portland Cement Factory Prüssing & Co. KGaA was founded in Göschwitz by Godhard Prüssing . The entry in the commercial register took place on April 15, 1886.

The Göschwitz company became the main factory of the later Prüssing Group and, after the takeover by the Schlesische Portland-Cement-Industrie AG shortly before the end of the Second World War , became the headquarters of one of the largest German cement companies, the OMZ (Ost-Mitteldeutsche Zementindustrie AG) with the original headquarters in Opole, Upper Silesia .

As early as 1888, the Göschwitz brand found its main sales areas in addition to Thuringia in Saxony and Bavaria . In 1899 Prüssing's company acquired shares in the Central German Portland Cement Factory Prüssing & Co. in Schönebeck on the Elbe .

During the GDR era, the plant was continued as a state-owned company .


Göschwitz station building

Göschwitz is very important as a transport hub. Since 2009 the place has had a connection to the Jena tram network . In addition, the Holzlandbahn Weimar - Gera and the Saalbahn Naumburg (Saale) - Saalfeld (Saale) cross at the Jena-Göschwitz station . From the train station you can travel with the regional express in the direction of Göttingen via Erfurt , in the direction of Glauchau via Gera , in the direction of Leipzig and Halle via Naumburg and in the direction of Nuremberg via Saalfeld . Regional trains run to Weimar , Gera and Pößneck . In the past, various long-distance trains also stopped in Göschwitz.


The Göschwitz industrial area is one of the largest industrial areas in Jena to the north of the train station. There are u. a. Large companies such as Carl Zeiss meditec AG and Analytic Jena AG settled here, but also the Thuringian State Institute for Environment and Geology (TLUG).


Individual evidence

  1. Thüringisches Hauptstaatsarchiv Weimar, Ernestinisches Gesamtarchiv Reg. Bb 710, published in: Andrei Zahn: The residents of the offices of Burgau, Camburg and Dornburg: a prayer register from around 1421–1425. AMF series of publications, 55, Mannheim, 1998.

Web links

Commons : Göschwitz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files