Hermann Eris Busse

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Hermann Eris Busse (born March 9, 1891 in Freiburg im Breisgau ; † August 15, 1947 ibid) was a native Baden author , folklorist and editor of the Badische Heimat magazine .

Live and act

Teaching position

Busse was the son of a master carpenter and the fourth of nine children. His birthplace is the house "Zum alten Löwen" on Oberlindenplatz in Freiburg. He became a primary school teacher. After attending the teachers' seminar, he took up teaching positions in Obersäckingen, Unterbaldingen, Überlingen and Blasiwald, most recently at the Friedrichsgymnasium in Freiburg, where he received the title of high school professor on November 1, 1930 . After his transfer to Freiburg, he studied German, philosophy and art history at the university there.


When the managing director and editor of the Badische Heimat association, Max Wingenroth, died in 1922 , Busse was elected his successor. The writings of the "Badische Heimat" became very popular under his leadership. Because of the double workload in the school service and as managing director of the Badische Heimat, Busse was given leave of absence from 1924 to 1944 as main teacher by the Ministry of Culture. Busse was editor of the state association from 1922 to 1942. With the 29th year, 1942, the publication of "Mein Heimatland" (today "Badische Heimat, Mein Heimatland") was stopped. Busse had already hiked the Baden countryside in his early years. His merits lie in the documentation and safeguarding of art treasures and folk customs , especially traditional costumes and carnival . He encouraged fools to see and meet fools in the Upper Swabian region. He coined the name " Madonnenländchen " for the region between the Main, Tauber and Neckar, which is rich in wayside shrines . He wrote numerous articles on regional history in the annual publications Badische Heimat .

Home author

In addition, Busse also began to write novels and stories, all of which are also linked to the state of Baden . His greatest success was the Black Forest novel trilogy "Bauernadel" (1930). Some of Buss' works have been translated into Dutch and Czech.


Busses work is close to the ideology of the National Socialist peasant literature with its anti-civilizing tendencies, praising the down-to-earth nature of the peasant ideal.

Due to the special role played by the regional association Badische Heimat in the state of Baden and its proximity to the state since the association was founded, it was inconceivable for Busse to distance themselves from National Socialism without risking the association's work and existence. The NSDAP stepped buses at in the 1941st His own closeness to the blood and soil ideology and the Völkisch movement made him personally interesting for the National Socialists as a multiplier for their ideology beyond this exposed position of the association. Janssen also sees this proximity to National Socialism, who describes Busses works as folkish writings with a “strongly down-to-earth and anti-technology tendency”. Despite the fact that Nazi members filled the board of directors of the association, Busse was able to keep the ideological eulogies in the publications of the Badische Heimat to a minimum, so that in 1938 the party classified him as "unreliable". Nonetheless, he is among those authors who were allowed to contribute to the volume Dem Führer - Poems for Adolf Hitler published by Karl Hans Bühner in 1939 . In the same year 1939 he also received the Johann-Peter-Hebel-Prize of the National Socialist Baden Minister for Culture and Education, Otto Wacker . Between 1922 and 1941 Busse published many descriptions of the region as annual volumes of the Badische Heimat regional association .

After 1945 he was initially considered to be “burdened” and was dismissed from school “for political reasons”. A few months before his death, on April 8, 1947, Busse was largely rehabilitated in his trial chamber proceedings and granted him partial pension entitlement.




  • Sacrifice of love. Narratives . Müller, Karlsruhe 1926.
  • Eccentrics. Narratives . Salzer Verlag, Heilbronn 1934 (Sämann-Bücherei; 3).
  • My life . Junker and Dünnhaupt , Berlin 1935.
  • The tulip miracle. Narration . Kurzl, Munich 1935. online
  • Glorian and the Wicked and three other short stories . Holle, Berlin 1936.
  • The earth spirit. Saga of the Upper Rhine . List, Leipzig 1939.
  • To the silver star. A Grimmelshausen story . Reclam, Leipzig 1940.
  • Alemannic stories . Henn, Ratingen 1941 (Rheinische Bücherei; 8).
  • Fides . Bertelsmann, Gütersloh 1942 (small field post series).
  • Captain Behr. Narratives . Gauverlag, Bayreuth 1942 (The small bell library; 5)
  • The homecoming . Wilhelm Frick , Vienna 1942 (Wiener Bücherei; 22).
  • Peasant parable of wheat, wine and day of life . Velhagen & Klasing , Bielefeld 1943 (field post reading sheet).
  • Baden legends . Schneider, Berlin 1943.
  • Game of life. Narration . List, Leipzig 1944.
  • The waiver . Bitterwolf, Illingen 1953.
  • The year of the soul. Poems . Self-published, Freiburg 1932.
  • Tulipan and the women. Novel . Deutsche Buchgemeinschaft, Berlin 1952 (reprint of the Berlin 1927 edition).
  • Peter Brunnkant. Novel . List, Leipzig 1927.
  • The little woman world. Novel . Horen-Verlag, Berlin 1928.
  • The sleeping fire. Black Forest novel . Horen-Verlag, Berlin 1929.
  • Markus and Sixta. Black Forest novel . Horen-Verlag, Berlin 1929.
  • The last farmer. Black Forest novel . List, Leipzig 1930.
  • Peasant nobility. Trilogy of novels from the Black Forest . List, Leipzig 1930.
  • Hans Fram. The German face; Novel . List, Leipzig 1932.
  • The people of Burgstetten. A novel of love and need . List, Leipzig 1934.
  • Purgatory. Novel . Cotta, Stuttgart 1936.
  • Heiner and Barbara. Novel . List, Leipzig 1936. online in the Gutenberg project
  • The dew bearer. Novel . List, Leipzig 1938.
  • Unrelated. Novel . Westmark Publishing House, Ludwigshafen 1941.
  • The Black Forest painter Wilhelm Hasemann . Konkordia-Verlag, Bühl 1921 (Lug ins Land; 1).
  • Hans Thoma . Konkordia-Verlag, Bühl 1922 (Lug ins Land; 7).
  • Hermann Daur . Müller-Verlag, Karlsruhe 1924 (From Lake Constance to Main; 26).
  • Hans Adolf Bühler . Müller-Verlag, Karlsruhe 1931 (From Lake Constance to the Main; 38).
  • Alemannic Carnival . Müller-Verlag, Karlsruhe 1935.
  • Grimmelshausen. Biography . Cotta, Stuttgart 1939 (The poets of the Germans; 3).
  • Johann Peter Lever . Cotta, Stuttgart 1944 (The German Poets).
Work edition
  • Love, dance and death. Collected short stories . Tauchnitz, Leipzig 1941 (Der deutsche Tauchnitz; 156).



  • Volker Meid : Grimmelshausen. Epoch, work, effect . Beck, Munich 1984, ISBN 3-406-09667-0 , pp. 240–244 (workbooks for literary history lessons).
  • Werner Mezger : Volksfasnacht and mythologism - the era of Hermann Eris Busse , chapter 6 of the contribution from organic to organized custom . In: Association of Swabian-Alemannic fools' guilds (ed.): On the history of organized carnival . Doldverlag, Vöhrenbach 1999, ISBN 3-927677-17-5 , pp. 21-24
  • Angelika Ott: Hermann Eris Busse: a life for Baden and the Baden homeland. In: Badische Heimat 87 (2007) pp. 403–411
  • Marga Schenkel: The Alemannic man in the novels by Hermann Eris Busse . Dissertation University of Münster 1943.
  • Adolf J. Schmid : Busse, Hermann (Eris). In: Baden biographies . NF 5 (2005), pp. 39–42 ( online )
  • Hans SchwerteBusse, Hermann Eris. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 3, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1957, ISBN 3-428-00184-2 , p. 75 ( digitized version ). (Uncritical short biography of Hans Schwerte, a high-ranking Nazi propagandist, in which he speaks unbroken in folk manner of the "forces of the homeland and its tribal tradition")
  • 100 years of Baden. The regional association Badische Heimat 1909–2009 (catalog for the exhibition). In: Badische Heimat 89 (2009) pp. 100-103.
  • The Johann Peter Hebel Prize 1936–1988. Waldkirch 1988, pp. 28-34
  • Reichs Handbuch der Deutschen Gesellschaft - The handbook of personalities in words and pictures . First volume, Deutscher Wirtschaftsverlag, Berlin 1930, ISBN 3-598-30664-4

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Heinzel in Walter Killy :, Literature Lexicon. Authors and works in German, Gütersloh 1989
  2. See article Hermann Eris Busse on discovering regional studies online , leo BW .
  3. Christiaan Janssen: Demarcation and Adaptation , Münster 2003, p. 140.
  4. ^ Karl Hans Bühner (ed.): The leader. Poems for Adolf Hitler. Stuttgart / Berlin, Georg Truckenmüller Verlag, 1939.
  5. The New Literature . Vol. 40 (1939) p. 17.
  6. See article Hermann Eris Busse on discovering regional studies online , leo BW .