Karamba Diaby

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Karamba Diaby, 2019

Karamba Diaby (born November 27, 1961 in Marsassoum , Senegal ) is a German politician ( SPD ) and has been a member of the German Bundestag since the 2013 federal election , where he belongs to the left wing of the SPD parliamentary group. He is a doctor of chemistry and geoecologist .

Life and work

Diaby was born the youngest of four siblings in Marsassoum in the Casamance region in southwest Senegal and grew up there. His mother died three months after he was born, his father when he was seven years old. After the death of both parents, he was taken in by his sister, 17 years his senior, and her husband. At the age of 13 he attended boarding school in Sédhiou and four years later he got a place at the Lycée Gaston Berger in Kaolack , which prepared him for university in the capital Dakar .

From 1982 to 1984 he studied biology and geology for teaching at the University of Dakar with the support of his brother . His interest in political issues also developed. During his studies he met the future President of Senegal Macky Sall . Through his political commitment in Dakar in the early 1980s, he came into contact with the International Union of Students in Prague , which promoted studies for young people from all over the world in what was then the Eastern Bloc . He applied for a scholarship and was admitted to the Martin Luther University in Halle-Wittenberg ; the GDR also awarded some scholarships to students from non-socialist countries. Before starting his studies, from 1985 to 1986 he took a nine-month German course at the Herder Institute of the Karl Marx University in Leipzig . He then studied chemistry from 1986 to 1991 at the Martin Luther University. It was there that he met his future wife Ute, who studied agricultural science. After completing his degree in chemistry, he went on to do a doctorate from 1992 to 1996 . In 1996 he submitted his dissertation Investigations into the heavy metal and nutrient balance in Halle allotment gardens - a contribution to the geo-ecological characteristics of the Halle city region .

After obtaining a doctorate in natural sciences (Dr. rer. Nat.) , Diaby moved to the One World House in Halle, where he worked as a project manager from 1996 to 2001. This was followed by further positions in the field of intercultural education and youth work in Halle (Saale) , before Diaby switched to the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs of Saxony-Anhalt in 2011 .

Karamba Diaby has been married since 1995 and has three children. He is non-denominational and has been a German citizen since 2001 . In addition to German and his mother tongue Diakhanke / Mandingo , he also speaks French , the official language of Senegal. His first name, which is stressed on the last syllable, is a short form for Karamokhoba , which means "the scholar" in Mandingo.

Bullet holes in the Diabys office in Halle (Saale)

In January 2020, his office in Halle (Saale) was shot at and threatened in writing .


Karamba Diaby got involved early on, initially on the student council; During his studies in Halle he was the spokesman for international students. Later he was elected to the Halle Foreigners Advisory Council and became Federal Chairman of the Integration Council, an umbrella organization of the municipal foreigners advisory councils. Since the mid-1990s, Diaby has been working on various social projects with a focus on education and integration. In January 2002 he was received by the then Federal President Johannes Rau in recognition of his commitment to understanding between migrants and Germans.

Political party

Diaby joined the SPD in 2008 . When the state list for Saxony-Anhalt was drawn up at the state party conference of the SPD on February 16, 2013, he was elected to third place on the state list for the 2013 federal election. At the same time he was a direct candidate in the constituency 72 Halle .


In 2009, a year after joining the SPD, Diaby was elected to the city council of Halle. Since then he has been a member of the Committee on Order and Environmental Affairs and the Education Committee. He left the company committee for employment promotion in 2012.

In the federal election 2013 Diaby ran in constituency 72 in Halle. With 23.34 percent of the first votes, he achieved the third-best result behind the former Prime Minister of Saxony-Anhalt, Christoph Bergner ( CDU with 36.29 percent) and Petra Sitte ( Die Linke , 25.51 percent). However, he was able to move into the Bundestag via the SPD's third place on the list in Saxony-Anhalt . This made Diaby and Charles M. Huber (CDU) the first Afro-German members of the Bundestag . Contrary to many press reports published about his election, he is not the first member of the Bundestag to be born in Africa. For example, Kai-Uwe von Hassel, who was born in Gare , had been a member of the second Bundestag since 1953 .

Diaby was elected to the Committee on Human Rights and Humanitarian Aid , where he is Vice-Chair, to the Committee on Education, Research and Technology Assessment , to the Civic Commitment subcommittee and as secretary in the 18th electoral term.

In the 2017 federal election, too, he was defeated in his constituency with 21.3 percent of the first votes to the direct candidate of the CDU (this time Christoph Bernstiel ), who received 27.1 percent of the first votes. However, he was ahead of Petra Sitte, who received 20.3 percent of the first votes. As in the federal election in 2013, he was able to move into the Bundestag in 2017 via the third state list of the SPD in Saxony-Anhalt.

In the 19th German Bundestag Karamba is still in the Committee for Human Rights and Humanitarian Aid , but as a deputy member. As a full member, he is active in the committee for education, research and technology assessment , in the subcommittee for civic engagement and in the board of trustees of the Federal Agency for Civic Education. Karamba is also an alternate member of the Global Health Subcommittee and the Family, Seniors, Women and Youth Committee.

Karamba Diaby has been a member of the Franco-German Parliamentary Assembly since 2019 .


Karamba Diaby defends himself against being reduced to his skin color or an activity in integration politics. During his time on the city council of Halle, he decided against the integration policy and was elected to the committees for the environment and education in the city council and in the Bundestag. He does not want to appear as an integration expert in the Bundestag either.


The general assembly of the Federal Immigration and Integration Council decided on May 13, 2011, chaired by Karamba Diaby, to demand that racist propaganda be prosecuted more intensively and punished. For this purpose, the tightening of § 130  StGB ( sedition of the people ) should be demanded by petition . The trigger for the initiative of the Federal Immigration and Integration Council was the book Germany abolishes itself , published in 2010, and the statements of Thilo Sarrazin . In a telephone interview with Junge Freiheit , during which he did not understand the name of the newspaper, he explained the decision of the Federal Immigration and Integration Council. The online article in Junge Freiheit sparked a wave of hate speech and massive threats against Diaby. He received around 400 e-mails and dozen threatening letters, some of them were also sent to the SPD federal executive in Berlin, including death threats. The state security determined. The Politically Incorrect blog also took up the topic and presented him with the Grand Boubou , traditional clothing for men in West Africa . He has not been wearing his boubou in public since then.

On August 21, 2017, the NPD published a Facebook post with a picture showing Diaby's election campaign poster and commented on it as “German representatives according to today's SPD understanding”. Due to the suggestion about his skin color and the racist comments under the post, Diaby filed a criminal complaint against the authors of the post two days later.

Racial Profiling

Karamba Diaby sees acting on the basis of racial profiling as racist . He calls for a legal ban on the practice as well as civil society engagement against racism; for example, when passers-by witness that other people with accompanying circumstances are being controlled by racial profiling.


  • Investigations into the heavy metal and nutrient balance in Halle's allotment gardens: a contribution to the geo-ecological characteristics of the Halle city region . 1st edition. Tectum, Marburg 1996, ISBN 3-89608-463-1 .
  • Intercultural and anti-racist education in Saxony-Anhalt: the IKaP project . In: Wolfram Stender, Georg Rohde, Thomas Weber (eds.): Intercultural and anti-racist educational work: project experience and theoretical contributions (=  knowledge & practice ). 1st edition. tape 117 . Brandes & Apsel, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 978-3-86099-317-0 , pp. 165-176 .
  • Methods of intercultural education using the example of daily work in the meeting center of the youth workshop "Frohe Zukunft" Halle-Saalekreis eV In: Johann Bischof (Ed.): Understanding Culture - Communicating Culture: Communicating Cultural Competence in University Education (=  Merseburg media pedagogical writings: artistic and technical communication of the basics for training in the field of applied cultural, media and social pedagogy ). tape 5 . Shaker, Aachen 2008, ISBN 978-3-8322-7512-9 , p. 203-209 .
  • With Karamba in the Bundestag: My way from Senegal to the German parliament , 240 pages, Hoffmann and Campe Verlag, October 14, 2016, ISBN 978-3-455-50420-0 .

Web links

Commons : Karamba Diaby  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. https://www.parlamentarian-linke.de/unsere-lösungen/
  2. ^ Franz Werfel: Bundestag candidate Dr. Karamba Diaby fondly remembers his time in Leipzig. (No longer available online.) In: Leipziger Volkszeitung Online. August 27, 2013, archived from the original on September 27, 2013 ; Retrieved September 23, 2013 .
  3. ^ A b Tony Paterson: Karamba Diaby: The man who aims to become Germany's first black MP. In: The Independent . July 23, 2013. Retrieved September 23, 2013 .
  4. a b Chris Cottrell: German From Senegal Vies to Break Bundestag Barrier. In: The New York Times . May 31, 2013, accessed September 23, 2013 .
  5. Home should not be a taboo subject , Sachsen-Anhalt-Journal 1/2018
  6. Bundestag election: "It's gotten harder again" , Der Tagesspiegel, September 14, 2017
  7. ^ Politicians in the Bundestag: Karamba Diaby and the AfD , rp-online.de , November 9, 2017
  8. DER SPIEGEL: Karamba Diaby: SPD politician receives death threat - DER SPIEGEL - politics. Retrieved January 23, 2020 .
  9. mdr.de, Shots at the citizen's office of SPD MP Karamba Diaby , January 15, 2020
  10. ^ German Bundestag - MPs. Retrieved April 27, 2020 .
  11. Julius Lukas: Right here - everything indicates that Karamba Diaby from Halle will soon be sitting in the Bundestag. So he doesn't understand the excitement. In: The time . May 7, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2013 .
  12. Uwe Köhn: “Ten bullets for you!” - death threat against Halle city council. In: image . May 29, 2011. Retrieved September 29, 2013 .
  13. a b Björn Hengst: Right-wing extremism stronghold Saxony-Anhalt: Mr Diaby receives death threats. In: Spiegel Online . August 5, 2011, accessed September 29, 2013 .
  14. Henriette Jedicke: Karamba Diaby: How a black politician defends himself against hatred of the NPD. In: Focus Online . August 23, 2017. Retrieved November 8, 2017 .
  15. Amnesty International Germany: Everyday racism recorded: Suspected case police, intervene against racial profiling. In: Series "Everyday Racism logged". March 21, 2017, accessed January 6, 2018 .