Minority Friedek

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Castle in Friedek
On the map by Jonas Nigrinus (1724)

The civil lordship Friedek ( Frýdecké panství in Czech , Frydeckie państwo stanowe in Polish , Status Minor Fridecensis ), whose territory initially belonged to the Duchy of Teschen , was spun off from this several times and sold in 1573 as a minority lordship. The seat was the castle in Friedek.



Splintered Duchy of Teschen around 1580:              Dominion of Friedek (Silesia) and Mistek (Moravia)

The area belonged to the Duchy of Teschen of the Silesian Piasts from 1290. For the first time the town of Friedek with the neighboring villages ( Bruzovice , Old Town , Baška , Nižní Lhoty ) was spun off by the widowed Princess Eufemia of Teschen as a pledge in 1434, and lent to Arnošt von Tworkau in return for a loan of 30,000 Prague groschen . After Eufemias death, the area belonged to Boleslaus II of Teschen , then to his wife and widow, Anna Bielska († 1490). In the following decades the pledge was pledged to Mikołaj (Nikolaus) Kornic from Dębowiec (Baumgarten) , Jan Burzej from Klvov, Janusz Labut from Křin and Jan Trnka from Ratibor . In the later reign of Casimir II of Teschen it was pledged to Johann IV of Pernstein , but was formally pledged by Wenceslaus III in 1554 . von Teschen withdrew, who shortly afterwards accepted the evangelical confession. After that, because of financial problems, he again pledged the area to Jerzy (Georg) Czelo from Czechowice, Burian Barski from Bastie and Jan Pukler from Grodzisk. 1560 disinherited Wenceslas III. his son Friedrich Kasimir von Teschen from his inheritance shares around the cities of Friedek, Freistadt and Skotschau, because he led a lush lifestyle and brought his country to financial collapse within a short time. After the death of Friedrich Casimir (1571) Wenceslaus III. sell the areas of the deceased with the consent of Emperor Maximilian II to settle the debts as a minority lordship.


The minority power of Friedek came into being in 1573: it was acquired by Jerzy and Maciej from the Lower Silesian noble family von Logau and Altendorf . This family was already in possession of the left Moravian bank of the Ostravice River , in the Mistek area - connected to the Cieszyn Dukes as early as 1402 when it was pledged by Przemislaus I of Cieszyn . In 1573 the minority power of Friedek comprised 140 km² and, apart from the city of Friedek, 16 villages with 510 families (163 of them in Friedek). The rule in Moravia, on the other hand, comprised 6 places.

Matthaeus Schubarth (1736)
Mattheus Seuter.

Under the von Logau family, the castle in Friedek was rebuilt in the Renaissance style. On November 17, 1581, the Logau family sold both lordships to the Bishop of Olomouc Stanislaus Pavlovský von Pavlovitz . After the protest of the Silesian noble families, the bishop had to sell the Silesian part to Bartholomäus von Würben and Freudenthal in 1584. This ended almost 180 years of joint ownership on both banks of the Ostravice around Frydek and Mistek. Under Stanislaus Pavlovský and Bartholomäus von Würben, the Lutheran pastors were dismissed and in contrast to the rest of the former Duchy of Teschen, the minority power of Friedek became completely Roman Catholic in the next few centuries, as well as Czech-speaking (in the form of the Lachish language ). Until 1636 u. a. thanks to Wallachian colonization in the mountains, some new villages were founded. The activity of the Wallachians brought the von Oppersdorff family (the new owners from 1636) into conflict with the episcopal rule of Hukvaldy , and in 1668 a settlement was reached. The Oppersdorffer rebuilt the castle in Friedek in the Baroque style . In the 1720s there were already 24 villages. From the year 1699 the estate belonged to the Pražmo family, after whom the village, founded in 1777, was named Pražmo .

As early as 1599, Duke Adam Wenzel sought to restore the area for the Duchy of Teschen without success . In 1797 it was bought by Albert Kasimir von Sachsen-Teschen and was administered as a chamber property together with the Teschener chamber .

In 1869 Friedek became a Magister city .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ I. Panic, 2011, p. 65
  2. ^ I. Panic, 2011, p. 62
  3. I. Panic, 2011, pp. 224-225; The 16 villages were: Altstadt , Baschka , Brusowitz , Dobrau , Unter Ellgoth , Ober Ellgoth , Janowitz , Leskowetz , Lubno , Noschowitz , Pazdierna , Pržno , Raschkowitz , Sedlischt , Skalitz , Wojkowitz . The affiliation of Żermanitz is unclear. Created by 1636: Kaniowitz , Malenowitz , Morawka and Neudorf , until 1720 also Krasna and Althammer . The youngest settlement was Prażma , founded in 1771.
  4. J. Spyra, 2012, p. 14
  5. J. Spyra, 2012, p. 14
  6. ^ I. Panic, 2011, p. 310
  7. J. Spyra, 2012, p. 18


  • Idzi Panic: Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie, 2010. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5 .
  • Idzi Panic: Śląsk Cieszyński w początkach czasów nowożytnych (1528–1653). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie, 2011. ISBN 978-83-926929-5-9 .
  • Janusz Spyra: Śląsk Cieszyński w okresie 1653–1848. Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie, 2012. ISBN 978-83-935147-1-7 .