南 化 區
Location of Nanhua in Tainan
|State :||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|Area :||171.5198 km²|
|Residents :||8,747 (Sep 2018)|
|Population density :||51 inhabitants per km²|
|Time zone :||UTC + 8 (Chungyuan time)|
|Telephone code :||(+886) (0) 6|
|Postal code :||716|
|ISO 3166-2 :||TW-TNN|
|Community type :||Municipality of Tainan|
|Structure :||9 districts ( 里 , Lǐ )|
Nanhua is located on the western edge of the Taiwan Central Mountains . The western limit of Nanhua is formed by the foothills of the Alishan Mountains . With 171.5 km² it is the largest urban district in the city of Tainan. The district has an elongated shape with a maximum length of about 31 kilometers and a transverse dimension of 4 to 5 kilometers. The neighboring districts in Tainan are Zuozhen in the southwest, and Yujing and Nanxi in the west. Nanhua borders the urban area of Kaohsiung ( Neimen , Shanlin , Jiaxian, and Namaxia districts ) to the south and east and Dapu Municipality in Chiayi County to the north .
There are two reservoirs in Nanhua: on the one hand the Nanhua Reservoir ( 南 化 水庫 , Nanhua Reservoir ), which is the fifth largest reservoir in Taiwan with 101,585 m³ and on the other hand the much smaller (1072 m³) Jingmian Reservoir ( 鏡面 水庫 , Jingmian Reservoir ). Both serve primarily to supply water.
The climate is warm and rainy with an average annual temperature of 24 ° C.
An earlier name of Nanhua is Nanzhuang ( 南庄 ). The settlement of the area by Han Chinese immigrants began during the reign of Yongzheng (1723-1735) and Qianlong (1735-1795). During the Japanese rule over Taiwan (1895-1945) it came in 1915 to the so-called Tapani incident (or also Xilai incident, 西 來 庵 事件 ), an uprising of the local population in the mountainous hinterland of the cities of Tainan and Kaohsiung against Japanese rule . Numerous Japanese police stations and other facilities were attacked and burned down. The uprising was severely suppressed by the Japanese colonial administration. In total, there were more than 1,000 deaths on both sides. In the later official historiography of the Republic of China in Taiwan, the insurrection movement was glorified as a patriotic movement. From 1920, Nanhua belonged administratively to Tainan Prefecture. After Taiwan was transferred to the Republic of China in 1945, Nanhua became a rural community ( 鄉 , Xiang ) in Tainan County . On December 25, 2010, the district was incorporated into the city of Tainan and all district parishes received the status of municipalities ( 區 , Qū ).
|Structure of Nanhuas|
Nanhua is divided into nine districts ( 里 , Lǐ ): Guanshan ( 關 山里 ), Yushan ( 玉山 里 ), Beiliao ( 北 寮 里 ), Xiaolun ( 小 崙 里 ), Nanhua ( 南 化 里 ), Beiping ( 北平 里 ) , Zongken ( 中 坑里 ), Xipu ( 西 埔里 ) and Donghe ( 東 和 里 ).
With around 8,750 inhabitants (as of 2018), Nanhua is one of the districts in Tainan with the lowest population. With 51 inhabitants per km² it has the lowest population density of the 37 districts (average Tainan: 867 inhabitants per km²). At the end of 2017, 31 people (0.35%) belonged to the indigenous peoples of Taiwan .
There are 3602 hectares of arable land in Nanhua. Mangoes are a nationally known product . Other products are longan , citrus fruits , lychee and bamboo shoots . The area used for forestry is 6120 hectares. Bamboo is predominantly cultivated.
In the southern section, Provincial Road 3 runs through Nanhua in a north-south direction. Provincial road 20 branches off in the district of Beiliao and heads south of the Nanhua reservoir to the east.
Sightseeing and tourism
The development prospects of Nanhua are seen primarily in the two areas of agriculture and tourism. A tourist attraction is the tropical nature of Nanhua. The 12 km long Wushan Hiking Trail ( 烏山 健行 步道 , Wushan Hiking Trail ), which leads along the mountain peaks, offers a panorama over the Tainan Plain, the Laonong River Valley and the Nanhua Dam. In the water protection area of the Nanhua Reservoir, nature is still relatively untouched except for the man-made lake. The Wushan Macaque Conservation Area ( lebt 獼猴 保護 區 ) has a larger population of the endemic Formosa macaques .
There are several interesting temples in Nanhua. These include the Yi Guan Dao - Baogang Temple ( 寶光 聖堂 ) in the village of Yushan , which opened in 1976 . The temple grounds cover 7 hectares. A small museum is attached to the temple. At the Buddhist Longhu Temple ( 龍湖 寺 ) there is a seated colossal statue of the Buddha. The Houde Zizhu Temple ( 厚德 紫竹 寺 ) on Mount Jinguangshan ( 金光 山 ) is also worth seeing . The beginnings of the Mazu or Tin Hau Temple ( 天 后宮 ) of Nanhua go back to 1698 when the temple was founded by immigrants from Fujian . In 1718 and again in 1997 it was renovated and rebuilt on a larger scale.
- reservoirs, dams and weirs of Taiwan. June 26, 2013, Retrieved December 8, 2018 (Chinese).
- Getting to know Nanhua: Natural Environment. Nanhua District website, accessed December 13, 2018 .
- Paul R. Katz: Governmentality and Its Consequences in Colonial Taiwan: A Case Study of the Ta-pa-ni Incident . In: The Journal of Asian Studies . tape 64 , no. 2 , 2005, p. 387-424 , JSTOR : 25075755 (English).
- Paul R. Katz: Governmentality and Its Consequences in Colonial Taiwan: A Case Study of the Ta-pa-ni Incident. (pdf) Retrieved December 13, 2018 (English, shorter summary of the cited work, published by Academia Sinica).
- Getting to know Nanhua: Local History. Nanhua District website, accessed December 13, 2018 .
- 行政 區域 圖 .png. Retrieved December 13, 2018 (Chinese, Nanhua's map).
- 原住民 戶數 及 人數 Households and Persons of Indigenous People. (xls) Taiwan Ministry of the Interior, accessed May 5, 2018 (Chinese, English).
- 本 區 產業 概況. Nanhua District website, accessed December 13, 2018 (Chinese).
- Scenic Spots. Nanhua District website, accessed December 13, 2018 .