Opilio Rossi

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Opilio Rossi
Coat of arms of Opilio Cardinal Rossi

Opilio Cardinal Rossi (born May 14, 1910 in New York , USA , † February 9, 2004 in Rome , Italy ) was a Vatican diplomat and later Cardinal Curia of the Roman Catholic Church .


Rossi was born in New York in 1910 to an Italian immigrant family. He studied Catholic theology in Piacenza , Emilia-Romagna, Italy . There he received the sacrament of ordination on March 11, 1933 . Rossi then entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See and worked first in the Apostolic Nunciature of Belgium and the Netherlands , later in the Papal Embassy in Germany , where he experienced the Second World War and its end in Berlin and stood up for numerous people in need. On November 21, 1953, Pope Pius XII appointed him . the titular Archbishop of Ancyra and the apostolic nuncio in Ecuador . He was ordained bishop on December 27th of the same year by Aloysius Cardinal Muench , Archbishop ad personam and Bishop of Fargo ; Co- consecrators were Umberto Malchiodi , coadjutor of Piacenza , and Artemio Prati , Bishop of Carpi .

On March 25, 1959, Pope John XXIII appointed him . as Apostolic Nuncio in Chile and on September 25, 1961 as the successor to the late Archbishop Giovanni Dellepiane in the office of head of the Apostolic Nunciature in Austria .

In 1976 he returned to Rome. Pope Paul VI took him on May 24th of the same year as a cardinal deacon with the title deaconry Santa Maria Liberatrice a Monte Testaccio in the college of cardinals . Rossi was President of the Pontifical Council for the Laity from 1976 to 1984 (Vice-President was the German Bishop Paul Josef Cordes from 1980 ), and until 1981 also President of the Pontifical Committee for the Family . Pope John Paul II later appointed him President of the Cardinals Commission for the Papal Shrines of Pompei , Loreto and Bari and President of the Standing Committee for the International Eucharistic Congresses . In 1987 he was elevated to cardinal priest with the titular church of San Lorenzo in Lucina . After Rossi had reached the age of 80, John Paul II relieved him of all duties in the Roman Curia on January 3, 1991 .

Rossi died in Rome. The funeral ceremony was presided over by Pope John Paul II personally in St. Peter's Basilica on February 13, 2004 , while the mass was celebrated by the then Cardinal Dean Joseph Ratzinger .

Since 1985, the Working Group of Catholic Associations (AKV) has been awarding the Cardinal Opilio Rossi Medal for services to the Catholic lay apostolate on an annual basis . Opilio Rossi has been an honorary member of the Catholic student association KAV Danubia in the ÖCV since June 1967 , since 1995 an honorary member of the Catholic student association KAV Capitolina Rome in the CV and the Catholic student association Lützow Leoben in the MKV . In 1968 he was also awarded the Gold Medal of Honor by the State of Vorarlberg .

Web links

Commons : Opilio Rossi  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files

Individual evidence

  1. stephanscom.at: Former Nuncio Cardinal Opilio Rossi died , February 9, 2004; Retrieved November 13, 2009
predecessor Office successor
Efrem Forni Apostolic Nuncio in Ecuador
Alfredo Bruniera
Sebastiano Baggio Apostolic Nuncio in Chile
Gaetano Alibrandi
Giovanni Dellepiane Apostolic Nuncio in Austria
Mario Cagna
Maurice Roy President of the Pontifical Council for the Laity
Eduardo Francisco Cardinal Pironio
Maurice Roy President of the Pontifical Council for the Family
James Robert Knox
Umberto Cardinal Mozzoni Cardinal Protodiacon
Giuseppe Cardinal Caprio
- President of the Pontifical Committee for the World Eucharistic Congresses
Edouard Gagnon PSS