( Details )
( Details )
Rank 12 of 24
- Total 2010
Rank 10 of 24
|ISO 3166-2 code:||AR-H|
|Region :||Región Noreste Argentino|
|Website of the province of Chaco|
The province borders in the north with the province of Formosa , in the east with the province Corrientes and Paraguay, in the south with the province Santa Fe , in the south-west with the province Santiago del Estero and in the north-west with the province Salta .
The province is located in the area known as Gran Chaco , which consists of dry forest in the west and savannah in the east . Precipitation decreases from east to west and is concentrated in the summer half-year, while in winter there are frequent periods of drought.
Flora and fauna
A million people live in the province of Chaco. The population is quite diverse. Many Paraguayans and Spaniards live here. In addition, Mennonites from Russia, Germany and Canada have settled, who are mainly engaged in agriculture.
The population is concentrated in the southeast half of the province, in particular on an axis that roughly coincides with the Ruta Nacional 81 and on which the two largest cities Resistencia and Presidencia Roque Sáenz Peña are located.
- Resistencia , the provincial capital, port, industrial and commercial center, approx. 300,000 inhabitants
- Presidencia Roque Sáenz Peña , agro-industrial center west of Resistencia, approx. 90,000 inhabitants
- Villa Ángela , agricultural center in the south of the province, 40,000 inhabitants
- Charata , agricultural center in the west of the province, 30,000 inhabitants
- Juan José Castelli , fast growing former agricultural colony in the northwest of the province, starting point for tourist tours in the Impenetrable jungle , 27,000 inhabitants.
History and politics
At the end of the 19th century there were repeated disputes between Argentina and Paraguay over the affiliation of the chaco. The current province of Chaco emerged in 1884 from the division of the Chaco territory into Chaco and Formosa. It was not until August 8, 1951 that the territory was raised to a province.
The province is made up of 25 departments . The last establishment of a department took place in 1992 with the establishment of the Department Dos de Abril . The departments are usually small. Exceptions are the departments Almirante Brown , General Güemes and Libertador General San Martín , which together make up almost 50 percent of the provincial territory. The division of the province into departments follows Argentine customs, but in the province of Chaco it is more of a symbolic character, as they neither elect their own political administration nor send elected representatives to the provincial parliament.
The departments are made up of municipalities ( Municipios ) that elect a mayor. The municipalities are divided into three categories according to their number of inhabitants. Municipalities with more than 20,000 inhabitants belong to category 1, municipalities from 5,000 to 20,000 inhabitants to category 2 and municipalities up to 5,000 inhabitants to category 3. For some settlements that do not meet the criteria for the formation of municipalities, the provincial government has created so-called Delegaciones Municipales and placed them under the Administration of another municipality. The municipalities exercise jurisdiction over the urban and rural areas of their territory. Taken together, they cover the entire territory of the province.
The provincial constitution recognizes the autonomy of the municipalities, but until December 2006 only the provincial capital Resistencia had passed its own municipal constitution.
Subtropical agriculture (cotton, tobacco, soy) and agro-industry dominate the humid east of the province and the region around Juan José Castelli. Is also the Forestry important.