Chaco Province

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Basic data
coat of arms

( Details )


( Details )

Capital: Resistencia

 - Total
 share in Argentina

Rank 12 of 24

99,633 km²

Population :

 - Total 2010
 - density

Rank 10 of 24

1,055,259 inhabitants
10.6 inhabitants / km²

Chile Bolivien Paraguay Uruguay Brasilien Falklandinseln: de-facto Teil des Vereinigten Königreiches. Wird von Argentinien als Teil der Provinz Feuerland, Antarktis und südatlantische Inseln beansprucht Jujuy Salta Formosa Misiones Chaco Tucumán Catamarca Santiago del Estero Corrientes La Rioja Santa Fe Entre Ríos San Juan Córdoba San Luis Mendoza Buenos Aires Provinz Buenos Aires La Pampa Neuquén Río Negro Chubut Santa Cruz Feuerland, Antarktis und südatlantische InselnLocation of the province of Chaco
About this picture
ISO 3166-2 code: AR-H
Region : Región Noreste Argentino
Structure: 25 departments
Gobernador: Domingo Peppo
Website of the province of Chaco

Chaco is a province in the north of Argentina . The capital of the province is Resistencia on the Río Paraná near the city of Corrientes .



The province borders in the north with the province of Formosa , in the east with the province Corrientes and Paraguay, in the south with the province Santa Fe , in the south-west with the province Santiago del Estero and in the north-west with the province Salta .


The province is located in the area known as Gran Chaco , which consists of dry forest in the west and savannah in the east . Precipitation decreases from east to west and is concentrated in the summer half-year, while in winter there are frequent periods of drought.

Flora and fauna

Crocodiles , monkeys , tarantulas and a wide variety of snakes such as boas , anacondas and rattlesnakes are found in the Chaco .


A million people live in the province of Chaco. The population is quite diverse. Many Paraguayans and Spaniards live here. In addition, Mennonites from Russia, Germany and Canada have settled, who are mainly engaged in agriculture.

The population is concentrated in the southeast half of the province, in particular on an axis that roughly coincides with the Ruta Nacional 81 and on which the two largest cities Resistencia and Presidencia Roque Sáenz Peña are located.

Economic centers

  • Resistencia , the provincial capital, port, industrial and commercial center, approx. 300,000 inhabitants
  • Presidencia Roque Sáenz Peña , agro-industrial center west of Resistencia, approx. 90,000 inhabitants
  • Villa Ángela , agricultural center in the south of the province, 40,000 inhabitants
  • Charata , agricultural center in the west of the province, 30,000 inhabitants
  • Juan José Castelli , fast growing former agricultural colony in the northwest of the province, starting point for tourist tours in the Impenetrable jungle , 27,000 inhabitants.

History and politics

At the end of the 19th century there were repeated disputes between Argentina and Paraguay over the affiliation of the chaco. The current province of Chaco emerged in 1884 from the division of the Chaco territory into Chaco and Formosa. It was not until August 8, 1951 that the territory was raised to a province.

Administrative division

Chaco Province - Administrative Division

The province is made up of 25 departments . The last establishment of a department took place in 1992 with the establishment of the Department Dos de Abril . The departments are usually small. Exceptions are the departments Almirante Brown , General Güemes and Libertador General San Martín , which together make up almost 50 percent of the provincial territory. The division of the province into departments follows Argentine customs, but in the province of Chaco it is more of a symbolic character, as they neither elect their own political administration nor send elected representatives to the provincial parliament.

The departments are made up of municipalities ( Municipios ) that elect a mayor. The municipalities are divided into three categories according to their number of inhabitants. Municipalities with more than 20,000 inhabitants belong to category 1, municipalities from 5,000 to 20,000 inhabitants to category 2 and municipalities up to 5,000 inhabitants to category 3. For some settlements that do not meet the criteria for the formation of municipalities, the provincial government has created so-called Delegaciones Municipales and placed them under the Administration of another municipality. The municipalities exercise jurisdiction over the urban and rural areas of their territory. Taken together, they cover the entire territory of the province.

The provincial constitution recognizes the autonomy of the municipalities, but until December 2006 only the provincial capital Resistencia had passed its own municipal constitution.

Department Capital Area in km² Population (2010)
Almirante Brown Pampa del Infierno 17,276 034,075
Bermejo La Leonesa 02,562 025.052
Chacabuco Charata 01,378 030,590
Comandante Fernández Presidencia Roque Sáenz Peña 01,500 096,944
Doce de Octubre General Pinedo 02,576 022,281
Dos de Abril Hermoso Campo 01,594 007,432
Fray Justo Santa María de Oro Santa Sylvina 02,205 011,826
General Belgrano Corzuela 01,218 011,988
General Donovan Makallé 01,487 013,490
General Güemes Juan José Castelli 25,487 067,132
Independencia Campo Largo 01,871 022,411
Libertad Puerto Tirol 01,088 012,158
Libertador General San Martín General José de San Martín 07,800 059,147
Maipu Tres Isletas 02,855 025,288
Mayor Luis Jorge Fontana Villa Ángela 03,708 055,080
Nueve de Julio Las Breñas 02,097 028,555
O'Higgins San Bernardo 01,580 020,131
Presidencia de la Plaza Presidencia de la Plaza 02,284 012,499
Primero de Mayo Margarita Belén 01,864 010,322
Quitilipi Quitilipi 01,545 034,081
San Fernando Resistencia 03,489 390,874
San Lorenzo Villa Berthet 02.135 014,702
Sargento Cabral Colonia Elisa 01,651 015,889
Tapenagá Charadai 06,025 004,097
Veinticinco de Mayo Machagai 02,576 029,215


Subtropical agriculture (cotton, tobacco, soy) and agro-industry dominate the humid east of the province and the region around Juan José Castelli. Is also the Forestry important.

Web links

Commons : Chaco Province  - Collection of pictures, videos, and audio files

Coordinates: 27 ° 0 ′  S , 60 ° 0 ′  W