Siegfried von Roedern
Count Roedern's parents were the royal Prussian prime lieutenant and adjutant in the 11th Jäger Battalion, Count Ludwig Erdmann von Roedern and his wife Bertha. Roedern studied law and political science from 1890 to 1893 at the Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg , the Friedrich Wilhelms University of Berlin , the University of Geneva and the Philipps University of Marburg . On November 4, 1893, he passed the legal examination at the Higher Regional Court in Frankfurt am Main . On October 21, 1897, he married Else Nasse . On January 7, 1899, he passed the great state examination. From January 1, 1901 to March 31, 1903 he worked for the President of the Province of Poznan . From January 1, 1903 to March 31, 1905, he worked in the budget and cash department of the Ministry of Finance. On April 1, 1905, he took over the administration of the Niederbarnim district and was appointed district administrator there on September 17 . In this function, he promoted the construction of the highway and abolished the highway levy. He further developed the health system. During his tenure, five hospitals were built and a special infants' facility was built. Roedern also developed measures to protect against epidemics. In addition, he promoted the area-wide electrification of the district.
In 1910 Roedern was made a legal knight of the Order of St. John . In the same year he received the Red Cross Medal III. Class, the Order of the Red Eagle IV. Class and the Order of St. Stanislaus, Class II. From 1911 to 1914 he worked for the senior councilor at the regional council in Potsdam . In 1912 he received the Order of the Crown III. Class. On January 31, 1914, he succeeded the resigned State Secretary Hugo Zorn von Bulach in the Ministry for Alsace-Lorraine . He stayed in this office for two years. On May 22, 1916 he became State Secretary in the Reich Treasury . In addition, in 1917 he was appointed Minister of State without a portfolio of the state government in Prussia . The practice of appointing State Secretaries of the Reichsamt as Prussian State Ministers without portfolio was common until 1918. He stayed in both offices until November 13, 1918. Under his leadership, a war tax was introduced for companies during the First World War , with which the empty state coffers should be replenished. However, the income turned out to be moderate, so that they continued to rely on war bonds to finance the enormous war costs .
In 1917 Roedern received the Order of the Red Eagle 1st Class and the Iron Cross 2nd Class. In autumn 1917 he was appointed Deputy Chancellor. In 1918, Kaiser Wilhelm II commissioned von Roedern, together with Friedrich von Payer , to draw up a cabinet list for the new Reich Chancellor , who was found shortly afterwards in Max von Baden ; Ultimately, however, the Intergroup Committee in the Reichstag determined the exact composition of the cabinet.
On November 13, 1918 Roedern resigned from civil service. He moved to Günterstal , where he worked as a writer. In 1921 he moved to Hamburg . From 1923 to 1933 Roedern headed the Association of German Shipowners and the German Training Ship Association . From 1928 to 1932 he was chairman of the Ibero-American Institute Hamburg , from 1929 to 1930 chairman of the Federation for the Renewal of the Reich , from 19 May 1930 to 12 June 1935 chairman of the supervisory board of Hamburg Mannheimer Versicherungs-AG , and from 1931 until 1934 member of the supervisory board of Hamburg-America Line and North German Lloyd (later Hapag-Lloyd ). Due to his many years of experience, the government under Heinrich Brüning appointed him Reichskommissar für Schifffahrt in 1932 .
In May 1933 he applied for membership in the NSDAP . He received it in 1935. He was an honorary leader in the SS . He bought the Sonnenleitnerhof in Upper Bavaria in June 1933 and moved there in August.
In the last years of his life Roedern worked as a writer. In his books he dealt with the Second World War . Nothing is known about its denazification . In 1949 he became an honorary citizen of Bergen. Here he died at the age of 84. He was buried at the Sonnleitnerhof.
- Bärbel Holtz (Editing / Editing): The Protocols of the Prussian State Ministry 1925-1938 / 38. Vol. 12 / II. (1925-1938) . Olms-Weidmann, Hildesheim 2004. ISBN 3-487-12704-0 ( Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences [Hg.]: Acta Borussica . New series .)
- Rudolf Vierhaus : German Biographical Encyclopedia (dbe)
- Claudia Wilke: The district administrators of the Teltow and Niederbarnim districts in the Kaiserreich: A biographical-administrative-historical study on benefit management in the province of Brandenburg . Verlag für Berlin-Brandenburg, Potsdam 1998, ISBN 978-3-930850-70-9 .
- Reinhold Zilch: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 21, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-428-11202-4 , p. 710 f. ( ). In:
- Literature by and about Siegfried von Roedern in the catalog of the German National Library
- Newspaper article about Siegfried von Roedern in the press kit of the 20th century of the ZBW - Leibniz Information Center for Economics .
- Harry Graf Kessler : The diary 1880-1937, edition 7. Klett-Cotta 2004; P. 1031 and https://www.archivesportaleurope.net/ead-display/-/ead/pl/aicode/DE-1958/type/fa/id/N1660-59013 .
- Siegfried Schöne: From the Reich Chancellery to the Federal Chancellery: an investigation into the problem of leadership and coordination in recent German history. Duncker & Humblot 1968; P. 28.
- Harald Winkel: Financial and economic policy issues of the interwar period. Duncker & Humblot 1973; P. 17 f.
|SURNAME||Roedern, Siegfried von|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Roedern, Siegfried Friedrich Wilhelm Erdmann Graf von|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician of the Imperial Era and Weimar Republic|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 27, 1870|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Marburg , Germany|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 14, 1954|
|Place of death||Bergen (Chiemgau)|