Soller (Vettweiß)

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He shall
Vettweiß municipality
Soller coat of arms
Coordinates: 50 ° 43 ′ 59 ″  N , 6 ° 33 ′ 21 ″  E
Height : 183 m above sea level NHN
Area : 9.79 km²
Residents : 813  (Jun 30, 2020)
Population density : 83 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st July 1969
Postal code : 52391
Area code : 02424
Ascent to St. Gangolfus Church, Lourdes Grotto on the left
Ascent to St. Gangolfus Church, Lourdes Grotto on the left

Soller is a district of the municipality Vettweiß in the district of Düren , North Rhine-Westphalia .


Soller is located in the northwest of the municipality in the Zülpicher Börde and borders on Stockheim and Drove ( Kreuzau municipality ), Frangenheim and Vettweiß. There is a 700 hectare heathland area at the site , which was used as a military training area for the barracks in Düren until years ago . Due to the closure for the population, the area could develop into one of the most valuable heathland areas in North Rhine-Westphalia, today's Drover Heide .


Historical research derives the place name from the Old High German solari "flat roof". Soller was already a settlement area in the times of the Romans and the Franks , as can be ascertained by archaeological finds. Soller was mentioned for the first time in 989 in a deed of gift to the Church of Great St. Martin in Cologne.

The matron stone

In 1850 a Franconian grave from around AD 600 to 700 was discovered in the “Dinsel” district . In the stone setting of this tomb there was a matron stone from the first centuries AD, which, according to its inscription , was consecrated to the Gallo-Roman mother goddess (Matronae) Textumeihae :

Textume [is] / T (itus) Modest [i] / us Crispin [us] / Turbo l (ibens) [m (erito)]. "

"The (Matronen) Textumeihae (dedicated) of Titus Modesti / Modestus Crispinus Turbo, who gladly and meritoriously fulfilled his vow ."

The name Matronae Textumeihae can be translated as "The goddesses of the southern people", or "The auspicious". In the nearby village of Boich and Floisdorf (Mechernich) two more consecration stones were found for them.

The Roman aqueduct

During construction work, a Roman aqueduct from the 2nd century was discovered in 1981 , which led from the headwaters of the Ellebach to the surrounding towns and to Soller itself. The famous Roman pottery Verecundus operating in Soller a large pottery , where the parts were made for the water pipe. His pottery was exported from Soller to Great Britain .


In 1932, Soller came from Drove mayor to the Vettweiß office. On July 1, 1969, the place was incorporated into Vettweiß.


Today the farming village has also become a home for workers in the neighboring industrial regions. Agriculture is only practiced on a few farms. There are a few small businesses in the village.


The place used to be touched by an important Roman road which, as a junction of the main road Cologne - Trier, led from Mechernich towards Jülich . The federal highway 56 runs from Düren to Zülpich right through the town . Due to the lack of a bypass around Vettweiß, heavy goods traffic is diverted around the village.

Public transport

Buses operated by Busverkehr Rheinland GmbH (BVR) connect the town to local public transport via lines 231 (Düren - Gemünd  - Schleiden ) and SB98 (Düren - Euskirchen ).

Special landing pad for microlight aircraft

Church, grotto

The oldest parts of the St. Gangolfus Church with its slender steeple, which can be seen from afar, date back to the 11th century. Right next to the church is the 1895 Lourdes Grotto , in the Septemberoktav many pilgrims attracts.


In Soller there is the SV Soller, the Solleras Dance Guard, a fire fighting group of the Vettweiß volunteer fire brigade with youth fire brigade and a support association for the Soller fire fighting group, the Soller music band, an interest group of the local clubs, the Gertrudenhof air sports community. V. and the horticultural association.


Individual evidence

  1. Population figures accessed on July 15, 2020
  2. CIL 13, 07849 (Clauss / Slaby inscription database).
  3. The interpretation of Textumeihae from the root word * textuma "right" or "south" and "the following" can be found in Günter Neumann : The Germanic Matronenbeinamen. In: Supplements to the Bonn yearbooks . Volume 44, Rheinland / Habelt, Bonn 1987, pp. 103-132; New edition in: Heinrich Hettrich, Astrid van Nahl (eds.): Name studies on Old Germanic. de Gruyter, Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-11-020100-0 , pp. 253–289, here p. 261 ( side view in the Google book search).
  4. The interpretation of Textumeihae from the auspicious right-hand side of bird interpretations ( auspices ) can be found in Helmut Birkhan : Teutons and Celts up to the end of Roman times. Volume 1, Rohrer, Vienna a. a. 1970, p. 197, note 338.
  5. Martin Bünermann: The communities of the first reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1970, p. 98 .