|Canton :||Bern (BE)|
|Administrative district :||Frutigen-Niedersimmental|
|BFS no. :||0768|
|Postal code :||3646 some
|UN / LOCODE :||CH SPZ|
|Height range :||557–853 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||16.70 km²|
|Residents:||12,812 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||767 inhabitants per km²|
Proportion of foreigners :
|Mayor :||Jolanda Brunner ( SVP )|
|Location of the municipality|
Spiez [ 'ʃpiət͡s ] is a municipality in the Frutigen-Niedersimmental administrative district in the Swiss canton of Bern .
Spiez is located on the south bank of Lake Thun . The municipality of Spiez extends from a height of 558 m above sea level. M. (sea level) up to 852 m above sea level. M. (Hondrich Hill).
The place name probably goes back to Old High German spioz "Spiess" and would have originally referred to the mountain promontory or promontory on which the place is located (after Ernst Förstemann ). A return to the Celtic, as postulated by Johann Ulrich Hubschmied , is purely speculative.
The ridge was already populated in the early Bronze Age. In 1280 the place is attested as an imperial fief when King Rudolf I granted the town at the foot of the high medieval castle a weekly market. In 1308 Baron Johannes von Strättligen was enfeoffed with Spiez, who sold the castle, town, church set and several surrounding villages in 1338 to Johann II von Bubenberg , mayor of Bern . After the Bubenbergs died out, the Freiherrschaft Spiez came to the von Diesbach in 1506 and to the von Erlach in 1516 , under whose rule it was until 1798.
The community consists of five so-called farmers : Spiez, Einigen , Hondrich , Faulensee and Spiezwiler (formerly Wyler ). Each of these sub-communities was responsible for the cooperative use of the common land , planting land, vineyards and forests belonging to the farmers . Every farmer also had to provide and maintain a classroom or schoolhouse. In the course of the 20th century, the tasks of the farmers were transferred to the municipality ( political municipality ) of Spiez.
In 1977 the municipal assembly was replaced by the large municipal council with 36 members. The graphic on the left shows the distribution of seats in the Grand Municipal Council after the elections on November 6, 2016.
The executive consists of 7 members. The mayor is Jolanda Brunner (as of 2016).
The voting shares of the parties on the occasion of the National Council elections in 2019 were: SVP 27.9%, SP 13.9%, glp 11.7%, GPS 11.6%, BDP 9.1%, FDP 7.9%, EPP 7.3 %, EDU (incl. DM) 4.1%, "The Independent" 2.0%, CVP 1.5%.
The main attraction is Spiez Castle with representative rooms from the 13th to 18th centuries. The extensive castle park and the 1000-year-old early Romanesque castle church also attract many tourists.
The viticulture and local history museum is housed in a typical Simmental house from 1728. There is a representation of a rural household, a complete cooper's workshop, "Trüel" with grape press and an exhibition on the work in the vineyard and in the cellar.
The Hotel Belvédère in Spiez was home to the German national team during the 1954 World Cup . The spirit of Spiez that arose among the players there is seen as an important factor in winning the World Cup.
Spiez has one of the highest vineyards north of the Alps, where "Spiezer wine" is produced.
The cultural offer is supplemented with numerous cultural events throughout the year.
- Hans Lörtscher (1909–1990), university professor for animal breeding at the ETH Zurich
- Werner Müller (* 1952), architect and sports official
- Ursula Zybach (* 1967), City Councilor and Grand Councilor (SP)
- Maya Pedersen-Bieri (* 1972), skeleton pilot
- Felix Müller and Anne-Marie Dubler : Spiez. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Website of the municipality of Spiez
- Permanent resident population from STAT-TAB of the BfS , municipalities see also regional portraits 2020 on bfs.admin.ch, accessed on May 29, 2020
- Staff: Community. Population. (No longer available online.) In: Official website. Federal Statistical Office, 2011, p. 1 , archived from the original on July 30, 2012 ; Retrieved on August 28, 2011 (input from Spiez ). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Hans Bickel , Christoph Landolt : Duden. Swiss high German. Edited by the Swiss Association for the German Language . Dudenverlag, Mannheim / Zurich 2012, p. 88; Bruno Boesch : The pronunciation of standard German in Switzerland. A guide. Edited on behalf of the Swiss Siebs Commission. Spiegel, Zurich 1957, pp. 25 and 39.
- Lexicon of Swiss municipality . Edited by the Center de Dialectologie at the University of Neuchâtel under the direction of Andres Kristol. Frauenfeld / Lausanne 2005, p. 847.
- Elections and Votes. Retrieved November 24, 2019 .