Domat / Ems

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Domat / Ems
Coat of arms of Domat / Ems
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : canton of Grisonscanton of Grisons Graubünden (GR)
Region : In the ground
BFS no. : 3722i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 7013
Coordinates : 753 436  /  188876 coordinates: 46 ° 50 '0 "  N , 9 ° 27' 0"  O ; CH1903:  753436  /  188876
Height : 586  m above sea level M.
Height range : 558–2174 m above sea level M.
Area : 24.22  km²
Residents: 8038 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 332 inhabitants per km²
Domat-Ems towards Chur

Domat-Ems towards Chur

Location of the municipality
Gigerwaldsee Heidsee Caumasee Crestasee Mapraggsee Kanton Glarus Kanton St. Gallen Region Albula Region Viamala Region Landquart Region Plessur Region Surselva Bonaduz Domat/Ems Felsberg GR Flims Rhäzüns Tamins TrinMap of Domat / Ems
About this picture

Domat / Ems ( Rhaeto-Romanic Domat [ˈdomɐt] ? / I , German and officially Ems until 1943 ) is a political municipality in the Imboden region of the Swiss canton of Graubünden . Domat / Ems is a double name from the Rhaeto-Romanic and German names of the place. Audio file / audio sample

The many churches, which show the different stages of growth of the congregation, are particularly striking. The oldest of them is Sogn Pieder (Sankt Peter) at the foot of the Tuma Castè (castle hill) in the center of the village. However, the coat of arms shows the village patron, John the Baptist, who can also be found in the name of another church . Alp Ranasca, located above Panix , also belongs to the municipality .

Domat / Ems is geographically known for the twelve Tumas in its municipal area.

Historical aerial photo from 400 m by Walter Mittelholzer from 1925


Population development

Population development
year 1850 1900 1941 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2005 2015 2018
Residents 1247 1504 1955 3469 5701 6266 6442 6372 6896 7759 8038


The old fire station in Domat / Ems with bilingual lettering

Until the middle of the 19th century, the entire population spoke a Graubünden Romanesque dialect. Although this was a Central Grisons dialect, Surselvic was traditionally used as the written language in all communities in the Imboden district . In this capacity they were similar to the communities of Bergün and Filisur , where dialects of the Central Graubünden were or are also in use, but Upper Engadin was in use as the written language (there, historically, mainly for religious reasons). The current official variety of Graubünden Romance is Rumantsch Grischun .

In the second half of the century the number of German speakers increased, but the majority remained faithful to the Romansh language (90% in 1880 and 89% in 1900). Then the majority began to decline slightly to 76% in 1941. After the Second World War, the language situation shifted more and more in favor of German. Nevertheless, despite the language change, the proportion of Romans in 1970 was 33% (or 1867 people). The following table shows the development over the last few decades:

Languages ​​in Domat / Ems GR
languages 1980 census 1990 census 2000 census
number proportion of number proportion of number proportion of
German 3450 55.06% 4403 68.35% 4670 73.29%
Romansh 1846 29.46% 1016 15.77% 704 11.05%
Italian 766 12.22% 629 9.76% 471 7.39%
Residents 6266 100% 6442 100% 6372 100%

The Italian speakers are immigrants from Italy. The main immigration period was the 1960s.

Origin and nationality

At the end of 2005 there were 6,896 residents in the community; 5641 (= 82%) of these were Swiss citizens.


A total of 15 seats


Domat / Ems is one of the most important industrial locations in Graubünden.

The most important employer is Ems-Chemie , which is inextricably linked with its former owner, the politician Christoph Blocher . A three-rail track was built between Chur and Domat / Ems so that this factory can be served by standard-gauge freight trains of the Swiss Federal Railways .

The former large sawmill Stallinger (Swiss Timber) in the west of the municipality was put into operation in mid-May 2007 and provided jobs for around 200 people. Stallinger was taken over by the Mayr-Melnhof Group in April 2009 . At the end of 2010 the large sawmill went bankrupt, the sawmill systems were sold to the Klausner Group for 20 million francs , and the buildings to the Tyrolean Pfeifer Group from Imst . In September 2011, the Pfeifer Group acquired the building rights and the factory halls. Since the facilities were never dismantled, contrary to the orders of the bankruptcy office, the office ordered at the beginning of April 2012 that the components and facilities should be dismantled by June 30th. The Hamilton company is currently (2018) building a new location on the former Swiss Timber site .

The Reichenau power plant is located on the Rhine .


Emser level around 1920. In the foreground on the left are the Ems-Chemie plants.

Domat / Ems was first mentioned in 765 AD under the name in Amede coloniam in the will of the Chur bishop Tello . The derivation of the place name is uncertain. However, the German Ems and the Romanesque Domat go back to the same root: In the German name there are i-umlaut from / a / to / e / in front of an earlier / i / in the following syllable and the second phonetic shift from / t / to / s /, which indicates that the Romance name was borrowed into German very early on. In the Romance name, the / o / goes back to an older / a /, and the / t / has remained unchanged; the initial D-, on the other hand, comes from the preposition ad "bei, zu".

From 1943 there was a military airfield east of the village, from which the standardized light flier hangar of the Flugwaffe could be seen until 2014. The military used the space to refuel helicopters until 2004, and the hangar was also used by Heliswiss . Today the new Plarenga Center and the new fire brigade base built together with the neighboring municipality of Felsberg are located here .

Until 1972, community matters were decided by the community assembly, since then the community has had a parliament.

At the beginning of November 2007, a worker on the Ems-Chemie site on the edge of the company site discovered a mass grave in a former lime kiln after rain had washed human bones from an embankment . The dead come from a battle between the French and Bündner on May 3, 1799.

Culture and sights

The Catholic processions that are carried out in Domat / Ems are particularly well known . The best known is the one on Corpus Christi , which takes place ten days after Pentecost. The Assumption of Mary procession and the Good Friday procession are also important.

Carnival also plays an important role in the Domat-Emser culture . This takes place for four days and ends at Venergis mellen . The highlight is Gievgia grassa ( dirty Thursday ).


Civil buildings

  • Village center Domat / Ems: Dorfplatz / Plaz Vischnonca, 2003. Architects: Gioni Signorell, Maurus Frei, Rudolf Fontana, Leo Bieler, Thomas Ott
  • Raiffeisenbank Imboden, 2003, architect: Rudolf Fontana
  • Parking garage Plarenga, Architects: Isa Stürm, Urs Wolf
  • Low-energy houses, architect: Dietrich Schwarz




Web links

Commons : Domat / Ems  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence