Fischer world history
The Fischer World History is an overall presentation of world history in 36 volumes in the Fischer library of the Fischer Taschenbuchverlag between 1965 and 1983 . It covers the period from prehistory to the time after the Second World War .
New Fischer World History has appeared as a successor series since 2012 .
Overview of Fischer world history
The Fischer Weltgeschichte was created according to a new concept by the publisher Gottfried Bermann Fischer , who was ultimately able to win the French philologist and hermeneuticist Jean Bollack as editor of the series. In this concept, the history of events should no longer dominate (although this, in some cases, was allowed a large amount of space), but economic and social history should also be given due consideration. The second characteristic is the representation of world history by an international collective of authors : While some volumes were written only or mainly by one or two authors, others were responsible for several authors. The authors, some of whom are very well known, include Hermann Bengtson , Pierre Grimal , Jean Bottéro , Moses I. Finley and Fergus Millar , who contributed to the area of antiquity . Jacques Le Goff wrote Volume 11 on the High Middle Ages (like the authors of Volume 10 and 12 he belonged to the Annales School ), Wolfgang J. Mommsen in turn devoted himself to the age of imperialism and Reinhart Koselleck dealt with the “European revolutions”. Herbert Franke was a co-author of the China volume, while Claude Cahen wrote one of the two Islam volumes. A total of over 80 specialists were involved in the creation of the work, which was designed as a paperback series from the outset.
Especially the volumes that deal with the “fringes” of world history (according to the European understanding) (China, Japan, India or Central Asia) were desiderata in German-speaking countries at the time. The authors, who are very respected in their fields, generally vouch for competent , representations written according to scientific standards; the contributions were partly provided with annotations. Decades after their creation, they can of course no longer be representative of modern research, which means that Fischer's world history is at least partially obsolete. Nevertheless, it still provides an overall reliable and fact-rich overall presentation today.
The work was rated very positively in various reviews, which is also proven by numerous reprints. A new edition with identical content was published in 2000 under the title Weltbild Weltgeschichte . The edition has also been available as an e-book since 2004 ( digital library , volume 119).
Volumes of fishermen's world history
Each with the first publication date:
- Volume 1: Prehistory , ed. And authors: Marie-Henriette Alimen , Marie-Joseph Steve , authors next to Alimen, Steve: Cornelius Ankel , Anthony John Arkell , Lionel Balout , François Bordes , Vadim Elisseeff , Marija Gimbutas , Jean-Jacques Hatt , Denise Ferembach , Karl Jettmar , Vassos Karageorghis , Diana Kirkbride , Gustav Heinrich Ralph von Koenigswald , Annette Laming-Emperaire , Louis Leakey , Raymond Mauny , Marc-R. Sauter , Gordon R. Willey , 1966.
- Volume 2: The ancient oriental empires I: From the Paleolithic to the middle of the 2nd millennium , ed .: Elena Cassin , Jean Bottéro , Jean Vercoutter , authors: Dietz-Otto Edzard , Adam Falkenstein , Elena Cassin, Jean Bottéro, Jean Vercoutter, 1965 .
- Volume 3: The ancient oriental realms II: The end of the 2nd millennium , ed .: Elena Cassin, Jean Bottéro, Jean Vercoutter, authors: Jaroslav Cerny , Moses Finley , Abraham Malamat , Heinrich Otten , Jean Yoyotte , Elena Cassin, 1966.
- Volume 4: The ancient oriental kingdoms III: the first half of the 1st millennium , ed .: Elena Cassin, Jean Bottéro, Jean Vercoutter, authors: Werner Caskel , Otto Eißfeldt , Moses Finley, Philo HJ Houwink ten Gate , Friedrich Karl Kienitz , René Labat , Hermann de Meulenaere , 1967.
- Volume 5: Greeks and Persians. The Mediterranean World in Antiquity I , Ed .: Hermann Bengtson , Authors: Hermann Bengtson, Edda Bresciani , Werner Caskel, Maurice Meuleau , Morton Smith , 1965.
- Volume 6: Hellenism and the Rise of Rome. The Mediterranean World in Antiquity II , Ed .: Pierre Grimal , Authors: Hermann Bengtson, Philippe Derchain , Pierre Grimal, Maurice Meuleau, Morton Smith, 1965.
- Volume 7: The construction of the Roman Empire: The Mediterranean World in Antiquity III , Ed .: Pierre Grimal, Authors: Dumitru Berciu , Richard N. Frye , Pierre Grimal, Georg Kossack , Tamara Talbot Rice , 1966.
- Volume 8: The Roman Empire and its Neighbors: The Mediterranean World in Antiquity IV , Ed .: Fergus Millar , Authors: Dumitru Berciu, Richard N. Frye, Fergus Millar, Georg Kossack, Tamara Talbot Rice, 1966.
- Volume 9: The Transformation of the Mediterranean World , Ed. And Author: Franz Georg Maier , 1968.
- Volume 10: The early Middle Ages , publisher and author: Jan Dhondt , 1968.
- Volume 11: Das Hochmittelalter , Ed. And Author: Jacques Le Goff , 1965.
- Volume 12: The Foundation of the Modern World: Late Middle Ages, Renaissance, Reformation , Eds. And authors: Ruggiero Romano , Alberto Tenenti , 1967.
- Volume 13: Byzanz , Ed .: Franz Georg Maier , authors next to Maier: Hermann Beckedorf , Hans-Joachim Härtel , Winfried Hecht , Judith Herrin , Donald M. Nicol , 1973.
- Volume 14: Islam I: From the origin to the beginnings of the Ottoman Empire , publisher and author: Claude Cahen , edited by Gerhard Endreß , 1968.
- Volume 15: Islam II: The Islamic Empires after the Fall of Constantinople , Ed .: Gustav Edmund von Grunebaum , Authors: Aziz Ahmad , Nikki Keddie , Afaf Lutfi al-Sayyid Marsot , Emanuel Sarkisyanz , Stanford J. Shaw , Peter von Sivers , Shannon Stack , 1971.
- Volume 16: Central Asia , ed .: Gavin Hambly , authors alongside Hambly: Alexandre Bennigsen , David Bivar , Hélène Carrère d'Encausse , Mahin Hajianpur , Alastair Lamb , Chantal Lemercier-Quelquejay , Richard Pierce , 1966.
- Volume 17: India: History of the subcontinent from the Indus culture to the beginning of English rule , Ed. And authors: Ainslie T. Embree , Friedrich Wilhelm , 1967.
- Volume 18: Southeast Asia before the Colonial Era , Ed. And Author: John Villiers , 1965.
- Volume 19: The Chinese Empire , ed. And authors: Herbert Franke , Rolf Traubie , 1968.
- Volume 20: The Japanese Empire , Ed. And Author: John Whitney Hall , 1968.
- Volume 21: Ancient American Cultures , Ed. And Author: Laurette Séjourné 1971.
- Volume 22: South and Central America I: The Indian cultures of ancient America and the Spanish-Portuguese colonial rule , Ed. And author: Richard Konetzke , 1965.
- Volume 23: South and Central America II: From Independence to the Crisis of the Present , Ed. And Author: Gustavo Beyhaut , 1965.
- Volume 24: The emergence of early modern Europe 1550–1648 , Ed. And author: Richard van Dülmen , 1982, ISBN 3-596-60024-3 .
- Volume 25: The Age of Absolutism and the Enlightenment 1648–1779 , Ed. And Author: Günter Barudio , 1981.
- Volume 26: The Age of the European Revolution 1780–1848 , ed. And authors: Louis Bergeron , François Furet , Reinhart Koselleck , 1969.
- Volume 27: The Bourgeois Age , Ed. And Authors: Patrick Verley , Jean-Pierre Daviet , Guy Palmade , 1974.
- Volume 28: The Age of Imperialism , Ed. And Author: Wolfgang J. Mommsen , 1969.
- Volume 29: The Colonial Empires since the 18th Century , Ed. And Author: David Kenneth Fieldhouse , 1965.
- Volume 30: The United States of America , Eds .: Willi Paul Adams , with assistance from Dudley E. Baines , Robert A. Burchell , Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones , John R. Killick , Howard Temperley , Neil A. Wynn , 1977.
- Volume 31: Russia , ed. And authors: Carsten Goehrke , Manfred Hellmann , Richard Lorenz , Peter Scheibert , 1973.
- Volume 32: Afrika , Ed. And Author: Pierre Bertaux , 1966.
- Volume 33: Modern Asia , Ed .: Lucien Bianco , authors Lucien Bianco, Paul Akamatsu , Heinz Bechert , Georg Buddruss , Le Thanh Khoi , Jacques Robert , 1969.
- Volume 34: The Twentieth Century I: Europe 1918–1945 , Ed. And Author: RAC Parker , 1967.
- Volume 35: The Twentieth Century II: Europe after the Second World War , ed .: Wolfgang Benz , Hermann Graml , authors alongside Benz and Graml: Klaus-Dietmar Henke , Wilfried Loth , Heiner Raulff, Gert Robel, Hans Woller , 1983.
- Volume 36: The Twentieth Century III: World Problems Between the Power Blocks , Ed .: Wolfgang Benz, Hermann Graml, Authors next to Benz and Graml: Rudolf von Albertini , Franz Ansprenger , Hans Walter Berg , Dan Diner , Jürgen Domes , Marie-Luise Näth , Imanuel Geiss , Erdmute Heller , 1981.
The individual volumes differ greatly in terms of conception and style. Volume 2 ( Old Orientals I ), edited by Elena Cassin , Jean Bottéro and Jean Vercoutter , for example, is very factual and concentrated in its presentation, so that a manual character is achieved, while Claude Cahen (Volume 14: Islam I ) value a clearly legible, more narrative overview presentation. Volume 21 ( Old American Cultures ) by Laurette Séjourné is very emancipatory and calls the white conquerors “wolf packs” (p. 11); the representation itself describes the topic in its individual themes, as a state. Richard Konetzke is much more cautious about criticizing the whites in his timely and also synchronistically conceived presentation (Volume 22: South and Central America I ). Other volumes, on the other hand, describe not only past conditions, but also and above all developments in time, for example Volume 14 (see above) or Volume 30 ( The United States of America ).
New Fischer world history
In September 2012, the first volumes of a New Fischer World History designed as a follow-up series were published . The editors are the historians Jörg Fisch , Wilfried Nippel and Wolfgang Schwentker . The series is designed for 21 volumes which, in contrast to its predecessor, are largely written by German authors. The volumes do not appear as paperbacks, but in bound form and (with a delay) as e-books. The new Fischer world history is Jörg fish, according to methodological reasons, more of a global history of each room and the relationship of the spaces between them. The authors should consider the state, economy, society, religion and culture.
The New Fischer World History comprises the following volumes :
- (Volume 1: Near East and Egypt in Antiquity)
- (Volume 2: The Mediterranean World in Antiquity)
- Volume 3: Reinhold Kaiser : The Mediterranean World and Europe in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages , 2014, ISBN 978-3-10-010823-4 .
- (Volume 4: Europe in the High and Late Middle Ages)
- Volume 5: Robert von Friedeburg : Europe in the Early Modern Times , 2012, ISBN 978-3-10-010623-0 .
- Volume 6: Willibald Steinmetz : Europe in the 19th century . 2019, ISBN 978-3-10-010826-5 .
- (Volume 7: Europe in the 20th Century), ISBN 978-3-10-010827-2
- (Volume 8: The Middle East and North Africa from the 7th to the 15th century)
- Volume 9: Gudrun Krämer : The Middle East and North Africa from 1500 , 2016, ISBN 978-3-10-010829-6 .
- Volume 10: Jürgen Paul : Zentralasien , 2012, ISBN 978-3-10-010840-1 .
- Volume 11: David Arnold : South Asia , 2012, ISBN 978-3-10-402411-0 .
- Volume 12: Henk Schulte Nordholt : Southeast Asia , 2018, ISBN 978-3-10-010842-5 .
- Volume 13: Dieter Kuhn : East Asia to 1800 , 2014, ISBN 978-3-10-010843-2 .
- (Volume 14: East Asia from approx. 1800)
- (Volume 15: Australia, New Zealand, Oceania), ISBN 978-3-10-010845-6
- Volume 16: Antje Gunsenheimer , Ute Schüren : America before European conquest , 2016, ISBN 978-3-10-010846-3 .
- (Volume 17: South and Central America from approx. 1500)
- (Volume 18: North America from approx. 1500)
- Volume 19: Adam Jones : Africa until 1850 , 2015, ISBN 978-3-10-010839-5 .
- (Volume 20: Africa from 1850)
- (Volume 21: The Great Themes of World History)
- Official website for the series Neue Fischer Weltgeschichte ( Memento from September 1, 2018 in the Internet Archive )
- Marion Gräfin Dönhoff: Fischer's world history - an exciting and ambitious company . In: Die Zeit No. 17/1965, April 23, 1965
- ↑ Weltbild Weltgeschichte. 36 volumes. Weltbild, Augsburg 2000, ISBN 978-3-8289-0400-2 .
- ↑ Born 1946, studied in Hamburg, Freiburg and Paris, doctorate in 1976, high school teacher in Kehl , author of Between Power Politics and Imperialism. The German policy on France 1904–1906 , Droste Verlag Düsseldorf 1976.
- ↑ Born in Kötzschenbroda in 1927. Dr. phil. Research assistant at the Eastern European Institute in Munich and then at the one in Innsbruck, where he completed his habilitation in 1981. Published with Erich Maschke The German prisoners of war in the Soviet Union. Antifa , Munich 1974.
- ↑ Interview with Jörg Fisch .