Grand Lodge of the Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey
The grand lodge has buildings in Turkey in Istanbul - Beyoglu , Istanbul- Kadıköy and Istanbul- Yakacık , Ankara , Izmir - Alsancak and Izmir-Karşıyaka, Bursa , Adana , Antalya , Bodrum , Marmaris and Eskişehir . 14,000 members work in 205 lodges in these buildings.
The responsibility of the grand lodge covers the three degrees of Blue Hospice Freemasonry ( apprentice, journeyman, master ). The High Council ( Yüksek Sura ) or, by other name, the Turkish Association for Ideas and Culture ( Türkiye Fikir ve Kültür Derneği ) is responsible for the subsequent degrees of the Old and Accepted Scottish Rite from 4 to 33 . Even though the two organizations are independent of each other, membership in the High Council requires regular membership in the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey.
According to the Grand Lodge's official website , promoting education is a major concern. For this reason, it awarded scholarships to a total of 624 schoolchildren in 2004 and 2005.
According to a statement by the former Grand Master Kaya Paşakay in a report in the Turkish daily Hürriyet on March 26, 2005, the annual growth rate of this grand lodge, at 6.5% gross, is one of the highest in Freemasonry worldwide.
After speculative Freemasonry was founded in England in 1717 , the first lodges were founded relatively quickly in 1721 in Istanbul , Turkey by French Freemasons. Although Freemasonry in Turkey goes back so far, it was not until 1856 that the first Turkish grand lodge was founded in Macedonia . Until then, Freemasonry in Turkey was limited to lodges of foreign grand lodges. After the grand lodge was banned in 1876, it was re-established in Istanbul in 1909. Because the Grand Lodge was used to secretly pursue politics, it was closed again in 1922 and then reopened in 1925. In 1935 the grand lodge was closed again. The reason for the closure is seen today as the unwillingness of the Grand Lodge and its members at the time to support Ataturk's policy of reforms.
In 1956 the Grand Lodge of Turkey was re-established for the fourth and last time and together with the introduction of light in 1962 it was recognized by the Grand Lodges of New York and Scotland . In 1970 the Turkish Grand Lodge was also recognized as regular by the United Grand Lodge of England and the Grand Lodge of Ireland .
Even if the general public blamed the split in Freemasonry in Turkey in connection with the scandal in 1964 about former President Suleyman Demirel , who was then new to politics, the reasons are far more complicated. At that time, Süleyman Demirel was running for chairmanship of the Justice Party . His opponents took advantage of the prejudices of parts of the Turkish population against Freemasonry by accusing him of being a member of the Bilgi Lodge. The then Grand Master signed a document falsely claiming that Demirel was not a member. Demirel then became the new party leader . This untrue document caused a storm of indignation within the lodges. The handling of the Demirel scandal and the different views on Freemasonry then led to the final split in Turkish Freemasonry in 1966. The Demirel scandal was the last drop that broke the barrel of differences.
Since the split, there is now, in addition to the Grand Lodge of the Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey , the Grand Lodge of the Liberal Masons of Turkey .
According to various press reports, one has al-Qaida - the terrorist group called al-Quds perpetrated a bomb attack on a front-row building with a restaurant in Istanbul on 9 March of 2004. In the letter of confession, the group announced that it had been their plan to kill everyone in the building. This project by the terrorists was only partially carried out due to technical defects in the bomb. Three people were killed in the attack: 33-year-old terrorist Engin Vural, his accomplice Nihat Doğruel and the restaurant's waiter, Hüseyin Kurugöl. Five other people were seriously injured.
Asım Akin announced in a press release after his election as Grand Master, alluding to the AKP government , that he was not concerned that there were people in power in Turkey who were against Freemasonry in the past.
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan wrote an anti-Masonic play in 1975 called Mas-Kom-Yah . In 2013 Erdoğan Necip praised Fazıl Kısakürek in a speech to commemorate the day of his death at a parliamentary group meeting of the AKP , in which he stated that he was one of the most important thinkers and action people the country had produced in the 20th century. He also said that Kisakürek is a role model for his own and all subsequent generations. The Turkish daily Yurt commented that Erdoğan's speech was shameful because Kisakürek had spread anti-Semitic and anti-Masonic theses with his book Yahudilik-Masonluk-Dönmelik .
Soldiers in Turkey are legally prohibited from becoming members of a Masonic lodge during their active service.
Well-known Turkish Freemasons
- Murad V was the 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and brother of Abdulhamid II.
- Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was the founder and first President of the Turkish Republic.
- Talât Pasha Minister of the Interior and Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire and leader of the Young Turks. He was the first Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey.
- Benderli Mehmed Selim Sırrı Pascha
- Cemal Pasha was a Young Turkish nationalist, general and leading member of the government of the Ottoman Empire.
- Süleyman Demirel was Prime Minister of Turkey.
- Hayreddin Pasha
- Osman Nuri Pasha
- Mustafa Resid Pasha
- Ziya Gökalp was a Turkish thinker, political publicist, essayist, intellectual, and co-founder of sociology in the Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey.
- Haluk Tezonar was a Turkish sculptor.
- İbrahim Edhem Pasha
- Namık Kemal was a Turkish poet and writer who was known for his great influence on the Young Turkish movement and Turkish patriotism and liberalism.
- Emmanuel Carasso
- İbrahim Hakkı Pasha
- Kâzım Özalp
- Mehmed Fuad Pasha (statesman)
- Mehmed Emin Ali Pasha
- Midhat Pasha
- Teodor Kasap
- Reşat Nuri Güntekin
Source: Grand Lodge of the Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey.
|2005-2007||Asım Akin is a Turkish professor of medicine, author and founder of the Scientific Department of Nuclear Medicine at Ankara University.|
|2003-2005||Kaya Paşakay was a diplomat and is now a businessman.|
|1998-2000||Sahit Talat Akev|
|1991||Suha Tuğrul Aksoy|
|1980-1981||Halit İ. Arpaç|
|1973-1979||Nafiz Z. Ekemen|
|1965||Enver Necdet Egeran was a doctor of mineralogy and author.|
|1955-1960||Ahmet Salih Korur was State Secretary of the Prime Minister's Office.|
|1933-1936||Muhiddin Osman Omay|
|1932-1933||Mustafa Hakkı Nalçacı|
|1930-1933||Mim Kemal Öke was a medic, officer and professor.|
|1927-1930||Mustafa Edip Servet|
|1924-1927||Fikret Takiyeddin Onuralp|
|1921-1924||Besim Ömer Akalın|
|1918-1921||Fuat Hulusi Demirelli|
|1918||Rıza Tevfik Bölükbaşı was a Turkish politician, philosopher, poet and one of the leaders of the Bektashi community.|
|1912-1915||Mehmet Ali Erel|
|1910-1912, 1915-1918||Faik Süleyman Paşa was a Turkish general during the Ottoman Empire|
|1909-1910||Talat Paşa was an interior minister and grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire and leader of the Young Turks.|
- official website of the Grand Lodge ( Memento of December 12, 2005 in the Internet Archive ) (English)
- official website of the magazine Tesviye the Grand Lodge (Turkish)
- Report in the Turkish daily newspaper Hürriyet with the former Grand Master Kaya Paşakay (Turkish)
- Article in the Turkish daily newspaper Hürriyet about the Demirel scandal (Turkish)
- Turkish Government Archives: Foreign Press Reports (Turkish)
- Masonlar ve Masonluk
- Mustafa Besimzade: Sorularla Masonluk. (German: Questions about Freemasonry. ). Publisher IVAL, 2nd edition.
- Hür ve Kabul Edilmiş Masonlar Büyük Locası (Turkish) ( Memento from April 25, 2006 in the Internet Archive )
- Semih S. Tezcan, Ismail Ismen: Ilk Türk Masonlari ve Sultan Murat V. (German: The first Turkish Freemasons and Sultan Murat V. ). Mimar Sinan Yayinlari No. 22.
- Grand Master Dr. Enver Necdet Egeran: Güncellesen Masonluk. (German: Freemasonry updating itself. ). 2nd Edition.
- Eugen Lennhoff, Oskar Posner, Dieter A. Binder: Internationales Freemaurer Lexikon . Herbig Verlag, 5th edition, 2006, ISBN 978-3-7766-2478-6 , pp. 853-855, 92.
- Murat Özgen Ayfer: Masonluk Nedir ve Nasildi (German: How and what is Freemasonry ). 3. Edition. ISBN 975-92607-0-0 .
- Özgür Masonlar Büyük Locası ( Turkish ) Özgür Masonlar Büyük Locası. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
- Stern Shortnews: Netzeitung Dead in attack on Freemasons in Istanbul ( Memento from February 17, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ). March 10, 2004.
- Hurriyet: Istanbul Raids (English). March 12, 2004
- Raid On Mason Lodge , on the homepage of the newspaper Hürriyet (English) of March 11, 2004.
- Masonlara yeni Büyük Üstat , Sabah , accessed on November 5, 2008, (Turkish)
- Website of the Turkish daily newspaper Yurt : Erdoğan'ın Büyük Üstadı! (de: The great master Erdoğan ) May 29, 2013, (Turkish)
- Newspaper article on the ban on membership ( memento of the original from September 21, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Zaman , accessed August 28, 2002, (Turkish)
- Grand Lodge of the Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey: Famous Turkish Freemasons ( Memento of July 17, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (Turkish)
- Robert A. Minder: Freemason Politicians Lexicon. Edition zum Rauhen Stein, ISBN 3-7065-1909-7 , pp. 229-231.
- Eugen Lennhoff, Oskar Posner: Internationales Freemaurerlexikon. P. 92, entry: Ataturk, Kemal. ISBN 3-7766-2161-3 .
- Niyazi Berkes in Encyclopaedia of Islam , article GÖKALP, ZIYA - […] Turkish thinker, born Mehmed Diya (Ziya) at Diyarbakr in 1875 or 1876 and known by his pen name after 1911. […]
- Turkish daily newspaper Sabah: On the election of the new grand master. June 3, 2007 (Turkish).