Hanau Central Station

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Hanau Hbf
Station forecourt
Station forecourt
Location in the network Crossing station
Design former Inselbahnhof
Platform tracks 11
abbreviation FH
IBNR 8000150
Price range 2
Profile on Bahnhof.de Hanau_Hbf
City / municipality Hanau
country Hesse
Country Germany
Coordinates 50 ° 7 '17 "  N , 8 ° 55' 47"  E Coordinates: 50 ° 7 '17 "  N , 8 ° 55' 47"  E
Railway lines
Railway stations in Hessen
i16 i16 i18

The Hanau Central is located southeast of downtown Hanau and is among the stations and stops Hanau the only train station . In the eastern Rhine-Main area it also serves as a station for regional trains or express trains and the S-Bahn .

The crossing station with 11 platform tracks is one of the 86 stations (as of 2020) in price class 2 of DB Station & Service . The reception building of the Deutsche Bahn dates back to the 1960s .


The new station building in Hanau Ost from the north around the time of opening (1867)

In the course of the construction of the Bebra-Hanauer Bahn , the provisional terminus Hanau Ost was built at the location of today's Hanau main station and opened on May 1, 1867. Functional predecessor of the station was the 1848 as a railhead opened endpoint of the Frankfurt-Hanau Railway Company , located west of downtown at the site of the current breakpoint Hanau West was.

Hanau Ost was the connecting station between the Main-Spessart-Bahn , which was built as an extension of the Frankfurt – Hanau line to Aschaffenburg , and the line to Bebra. At the same time, the Hanau Heideäcker depot was built. Hanau Ost received a station building, which was built as an island station between the line towards Bebra (northern tracks) and the line to Aschaffenburg (southern tracks).

The location of the station resulted from the crossing of the Main to Steinheim over the Steinheim Main Bridge , which was supposed to lead at right angles across the river, and the subsequent route south of the river to Frankfurt am Main . The constraint point set in this way explains the location of the station far from the city center of Hanau.

Even today, this results in a considerable problem for the route of the local public transport system in Hanau, which has to serve two centers: the main train station and the inner-city bus hub Freiheitsplatz . Until the end of the Second World War , the station was used by the Hanau tram .

On May 15, 1927, the station "Hanau Ost" was renamed "Hanau Hbf."

In World War II the station, his great track field, its freight yard and the neighboring was Bahnbetriebswerk Hanau targets of air raids of the Allies for the first time on 1/2. April 1942 and then on November 5, 1944, on November 10, 1944 (2250 multi-purpose bombs - more than 100 tons - were dropped, nine locomotives, 15 freight cars and a locomotive shed were destroyed), on December 11, 1944 (22 dead in the entire city area) , on December 12, 1944 (145 deaths across the city, including 18 slave labor ), a diversionary attack on January 7, 1945 that caused no damage, and an attack on February 17, 1945 (22.4 tons of explosive bombs ). The main station was also one of the targets in the air raid on Hanau on March 19, 1945 , which caused further damage.

The northern connecting route from Hanau West to Hanau North Side was built around 1965.

The original station building was demolished in 1966 and replaced by a station building to the north of the tracks with a spacious station forecourt. The original location as an island train station can still be recognized today by the track numbering and the road connection to the park-and-ride car park between the tracks . The floor height of the main level of the new station was largely determined by the location of the existing pedestrian underpass , which was retained. Since the train station was partly built in a former river bed of the Main , there are always problems with ingress of water, especially after thunderstorms. The part of the reception building accessible to passengers was fundamentally redesigned after the abandonment of luggage and express goods transport in the early 1990s.


Hanau is a central hub in the railway network, the station of which connects six lines. They meet here


ICE exit

Hanau's main station has 11 platform tracks: tracks 1-9 north of the old Inselbahnhof and tracks 101-106 south of the old Inselbahnhof.

  • Tracks 1 and 2 are used for S-Bahn traffic. These are the only ones that can be reached barrier-free via an elevator.
  • Track 5 is the passing track of the Kinzig Valley Railway. The trains that run between Frankfurt and Hanau in the north of Main also end and begin here.
  • Platform 6 is used by trains heading towards Frankfurt on the southern Main line.
  • Platform 7 is used by trains going towards Fulda.
  • Track 9 is a head track, trains to and from Friedberg run here.
  • Tracks 101 and 102 are used for traffic in the direction of Frankfurt on the north Main route. Track 101 is only used by individual trains. Track 102 is used by the regional railways and regional express trains.
  • Track 103 serves both the regional trains to Aschaffenburg and the regional express trains to Würzburg.
  • Track 104 is used by the trains in the direction of Schöllkrippen.
  • Track 106 is used both by the trains of the Odenwaldbahn to and from Erbach and by the trains of the Kahlgrundbahn to and from Schöllkrippen.


Long-distance transport

An ICE in the direction of Frankfurt is in front of the form signals on the south side of the Hanau main station. Night and day signs can be seen at dusk.

In long-distance passenger rail transport , the city is connected to a large part of Germany and some cities abroad via Intercity-Express and Intercity .

line route Clock frequency
ICE 12 Berlin - Braunschweig - Hildesheim - Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe - Hanau  - Frankfurt - Mannheim - Karlsruhe  - Freiburg  - Basel Every two hours
ICE 20 Hamburg-Altona  - Hanover  - Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe  - Fulda  - Hanau  - Frankfurt  - Wiesbaden individual trains
ICE 31 IC 31 ( Kiel  -) Hamburg  - Hamburg-Harburg  - Bremen  - Osnabrück  - Münster  - Dortmund  - Hagen  - Wuppertal  - Solingen  - Cologne  - Bonn  - Koblenz  - Mainz  - Frankfurt Airport - Frankfurt  - Hanau  - Würzburg  - Nuremberg  - Passau / Munich single ICE (Hamburg – Frankfurt / Munich) ,
one IC (Kiel / Fehmarn – Burg – Passau)
ICE 41 ( Dortmund - Bochum  - Essen  - Duisburg - Düsseldorf ) - Cologne  - Siegburg / Bonn - Montabaur - Limburg South - Frankfurt Airport - Frankfurt  - Hanau  - Aschaffenburg  - Würzburg  - Nuremberg  - Munich One pair of trains a day
ICE 91 Hamburg  - Hamburg-Harburg  - Bremen  - Osnabrück  - Münster  - Dortmund  - Bochum  - Essen  - Duisburg  - Cologne  - Bonn  - Koblenz  - Mainz  - Frankfurt Airport - Frankfurt  - Hanau  - Würzburg  - Nuremberg  - Regensburg  - Plattling  - Passau  - Wels  - Linz  - St Pölten - Vienna Meidling - Vienna (- Vienna Airport ) An ICE every two
hours from Vienna via Solingen  - Wuppertal  - Hagen to Hamburg

Local transport

Odenwaldbahn train is waiting in the station

Hanau is connected to the surrounding area in the local rail traffic by several regional express and regional train lines. Since 1995 the lines S8 and S9 of the S-Bahn Rhein-Main have ended at the main station. There is also a central bus stop at the station forecourt.

Beginning Regional RB 49
Friedberg – Hanau
Hanau North
Offenbach (Main) Hbf Regional RE 50
Kinzig Valley Railway
Offenbach (Main) Hbf Regional RB 51
Kinzig Valley Railway
Wolfgang (Kr Hanau)
Hanau West Regional RE 54
Frankfurt – Maintal – Hanau / Main-Spessart-Bahn
Bald (Main)
Offenbach (Main) Hbf Regional RE 55
Frankfurt-Bebraer Eisenbahn / Main-Spessart-Bahn
Bald (Main)
Beginning Regional RB 56
Großauheim (Kr Hanau)
Hanau West Regional RB 58
Frankfurt – Maintal – Hanau / Main-Spessart-Bahn
Großauheim (Kr Hanau)
Main valley east Regional RE 59
Frankfurt – Maintal – Hanau / Main-Spessart-Bahn
Großauheim (Kr Hanau)
Offenbach (Main) Hbf Regional RE 85
Hainburg Hainstadt
Beginning Regional RB 86
Hanau Klein-Auheim
line course
S8 Wiesbaden Hbf  - Wiesbaden Ost  - Mainz North  - Mainz Hbf  - Mainz Roman Theater  - Mainz-Gustavsburg  - Mainz-Bischofsheim  - Rüsselsheim Opelwerk  - Rüsselsheim  - Raunheim  - Kelsterbach  - Frankfurt (Main) Airport  - Frankfurt (Main) Gateway Gardens  - Frankfurt am Main Stadium  - Frankfurt-Niederrad  - Frankfurt (Main) Hbf deep  - Frankfurt (Main) Taunusanlage  - Frankfurt (Main) Hauptwache  - Frankfurt (Main) Konstablerwache  - Frankfurt (Main) Ostendstraße  - Frankfurt (Main) Mühlberg  - Offenbach-Kaiserlei - Offenbach Leather Museum - Offenbach Marktplatz  - Offenbach (Main) Ost  (-  Mühlheim (Main)  - Mühlheim (Main) Dietesheim  - Steinheim (Main)  - Hanau Hbf )
S9 Wiesbaden Hbf  - Wiesbaden Ost  - Mainz-Kastel  - Mainz-Bischofsheim  - Rüsselsheim Opelwerk  - Rüsselsheim  - Raunheim  - Kelsterbach  - Frankfurt (Main) Airport  - Frankfurt (Main) Gateway Gardens  - Frankfurt am Main Stadium  - Frankfurt-Niederrad  - Frankfurt (Main) Hbf deep  - Frankfurt (Main) Taunusanlage  - Frankfurt (Main) Hauptwache  - Frankfurt (Main) Konstablerwache  - Frankfurt (Main) Ostendstraße  - Frankfurt (Main) Mühlberg  - Offenbach-Kaiserlei - Offenbach Leather Museum - Offenbach Marktplatz  - Offenbach (Main) Ost  - Mühlheim ( Main)  - Mühlheim (Main) Dietesheim  - Steinheim (Main)  - Hanau Hbf


For timetable change 2005/2006 Hanau was from the ICE connection Ruhr-Rhine / Main-Nuremberg / Munich, which is traversed by the new ICE-3 generation, largely decoupled. The reason - according to Deutsche Bahn  - was not the lack of profitability, but structural conditions. Since the station had only just been rebuilt and Deutsche Bahn did not discuss its decision with the responsible authorities, it brought harsh criticism from the city administration and politicians.

A step forward, however, was the modernization of the Odenwaldbahn (RMV line 64), which significantly increased the number of trains on the Odenwald – Frankfurt am Main axis and will increase it in further steps.

In the course of the 2006/2007 timetable change , the Hanau main station received a large number of new long-distance connections:

  • hourly ICE connections to Berlin (previously every 2 hours),
  • In the opposite direction there is an ICE connection every hour alternately to Switzerland or Munich
  • individual additional IC connections, including to Berlin and Halle an der Saale
  • Most of the ICE, IC and EC trains on the axis (Hamburg-Bremen-) Ruhrgebiet-Cologne-Bonn-Frankfurt-Hanau-Nuremberg (every two hours) and partial extensions to Passau-Vienna-Budapest (two EC train pairs) stop or Mittenwald – Seefeld in Tirol (IC train pair 328/329).

The private long-distance train Locomore has been regularly stopping at Hanau Hbf since December 2016 .

Since the timetable change in December 2017, Hanau has lost its direct ICE connection to Stuttgart, as ICE line 11 now passes Hanau without stopping.


Rail car 725/726 002, often parked on a siding

A North Main S-Bahn is to run from the Frankfurt inner city tunnel and the Frankfurt Ostbahnhof to Hanau Hauptbahnhof. Preparatory work for this has started. Since significantly more trains are to end in Hanau with this expansion than before, the number of tracks is to be increased. The standard platform on S-Bahn tracks 1 and 2 is to have a third edge of the platform as a tongue platform for track 1a .

The platform on tracks 5 and 6 should also be available for the Nordmainische S-Bahn during rush hour. In return, the platform from track 7 will be converted into an island platform for regional and long-distance traffic with a new, continuous track 8.

On the platform of track 101 used by regional trains, another platform edge will be created with butt track 100 in the area of ​​today's track 117. Platforms 5/6, 7/8 and 100/101 will each have an elevator. In addition, the station is to be fundamentally modernized and visually enhanced.


  • On November 14, 1884, a passenger train ran into a freight train near Hanau. A second freight train coming from the opposite direction drove into the rubble. 22 people died in the accident, 26 were injured.
  • On the following day, November 15, 1884, Friedland's mixed train Gmp 718 was directed through an incorrectly set switch in the station onto the connecting track to the south side of the station, where it joined another freight train. Five injured were the result.
  • On November 8, 1900, the D 42 and a passenger train collided between Mühlheim am Main and Offenbach Hauptbahnhof . Twelve people died and four more were injured. In the literature, the accident is often imprecisely and inappropriately referred to as "happened at Hanau".


  • Martin Schack: New stations - the station building of the German Federal Railroad 1948 to 1973 . Neddermeyer Verlag Bernd, 2004. ISBN 3-933254-49-3
  • Hans-Günter Stahl: The aerial warfare over the Hanau area 1939–1945 = Hanauer Geschichtsblätter 48. Hanau 2015. ISBN 978-3-935395-22-1

Web links

Commons : Hanau Hauptbahnhof  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Deutsche Bahn AG:

further evidence:

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Deutsche Reichsbahn-Gesellschaft, change of station names
  2. Stahl: The Air War. P. 392.
  3. Stahl: The Air War. P. 201.
  4. Stahl: The Air War. P. 216.
  5. Stahl: The Air War. P. 228 ff.
  6. Stahl: The Air War. P. 235 f.
  7. Stahl: The Air War. P. 305.
  8. Stahl: The Air War. P. 314.
  9. Stahl: The Air War. Pp. 329, 361.
  10. ^ ICE 521, ICE 522
  11. fr.de
  12. ^ DB Projektbau GmbH: Nordmainische S-Bahn - planning approval section 3: Hanau. Explanatory report  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . November 8, 2013@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.rp-darmstadt.hessen.de  
  13. Hanau main station needs more tracks. Accessibility and modernization of the entrance building . In: Main-Netz , March 18, 2014. Accessed March 18, 2014.
  14. ^ Hans Joachim Ritzau: Railway disasters in Germany. Splinters of German history . Vol. 1: Landsberg-Pürgen 1979, p. 69; Erwin Rückriegel: Railway accident on November 14, 1884 near Hanau and its consequences for those involved . In: Grindaha [Journal of the Geschichtsverein Gründau] 15 (2005), pp. 13-16 (16).