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legal form Company with limited liability
resolution 2005
Reason for dissolution Merged into Hako GmbH after takeovers
Seat Waltershausen , Gotha District , Thuringia , Germany
  • Mario Schreiber (Chairman)
  • Frank Ulbricht
Branch commercial vehicles

Multicar is a model series designation for commercial vehicles from Hako GmbH , which are manufactured in the subsidiary in Waltershausen . The Multicar company was incorporated into Hako and thus part of the Possehl Group. Multicar is now the only still existing motor vehicle brand from the former GDR .


In 1920 today's company was founded as ADE-Werke - the entrepreneur was called Arthur Ade (1882–1957). Agricultural implements, vehicle trailers and towbars for trucks and tractors were manufactured. After the Second World War , production was resumed in 1946 as Gerätebau Waltershausen .

In 1948 the company was named VEB Fahrzeugwerk Waltershausen , which it carried until it was privatized in 1991. The original DK 2002 diesel ant was manufactured in the VEB Brand-Erbisdorf from 1951 . The vehicle was designed for transport to the workshop, had an output of 5.6 hp and was steered using a foot rocker in the open driver's cab. In 1956 the production of the Diesel Ant DK 3 was started, which had previously been built in Ludwigsfelde and Brand-Erbisdorf. In addition to the flatbed version , the vehicle was also available as a dump truck and three-way tipper . In 1958 the first Multicar was produced, the M21 , which was also still articulated . By 1964, 14,000 units had left the factory in Waltershausen. Over the next ten years, 42,500 M 22 series vehicles rolled off the assembly line .

IFA Multicar logo

The successor M 24 was produced by 1978 , of which 25,659 units (48% of which were for export) left the factory. The M 25 was an export hit; 70% of the vehicles went to the countries of the CMEA and to the West. In Great Britain, a two-way vehicle was created in collaboration with Harsco- Permquip. Production of the M 25 continued in 1991 with a VW engine. About 100,000 pieces were made. In 1991 the state-owned plant was privatized. The decisive driving force in the transition and after the transition was the former director of materials management at Multicar, Manfred Windus, who was named Manager of the Year in 1993. The successor model M 26 was produced from 1993 to 2010 .

In 1998, Hako-Werke took over the shares of Deutsche Beteiligungsgesellschaft and thus became the majority shareholder. The products TREMO (formerly Kramer ) and UX 100 (formerly Unimog 409 ) were merged in Waltershausen. In 2001, the construction of the new series began M30 Fumo ( Fu nction and Mo bility). In cooperation with Krauss-Maffei Wegmann , the special vehicle ESK Mungo has been manufactured for use by the German armed forces since 2004 . By 2009 the production of 396 vehicles was planned. In spite of defects that occurred and corresponding criticism from the troops, additional vehicles were ordered in 2009 and 2011.

In 2005 the company was merged with Hako-Werke GmbH as the acquiring company, the company was dissolved and Multicar was only a Hako brand. Since spring 2013, Multicar has only been offered as a product line under the Hako umbrella brand . Since 2017, the product range has included four civil models: M27compact , M29, M31 and M31H .

Current and recently discontinued series

The M 31 series has been equipped in accordance with the E6 emissions standard since 2015. The products M 27 , FUMO , the particularly narrow TREMO and some of the M 31 series are equipped with motors homologated according to the Euro 5 standard . Multicar depends, inter alia on two different common rail - diesel engines .

On the one used in the models M 27 and TREMO the Volkswagen - four-cylinder diesel engine is EA 189 in model CJDA as a drive, which is at 3000 min -1 to 75 kW (102 hp) brings and in similar form in facegelifteten VW Crafter , the VW T5 as well as in numerous car models of the VW Group ( VW , Audi , Škoda , Seat ) under the designation 2.0 TDI is used. The maximum torque of this motor is of 285 Nm at 1750 min -1 to. In addition to the Euro 5 version, the TREMO and M 27 series are available with the EEV homologation, which has not yet been legally stipulated .

On the other hand, the F1C diesel engine from Fiat Powertrain Technologies ( Iveco / FPT F1C) is or was used in the FUMO and M 31 series . Like the VW engine is also in this Euro 5 and EEV certification available and provides in versions Tipper , body and carrier 107 kW (145 hp) at 3500 min -1 and 320 Nm at 1400 min -1 , in the Carrier H, however, it comes to 90 kW (122 hp) at 3000 min -1 (310 Nm at 1400 rpm also -1 ). It is used identically in the Iveco Daily .

The engines at a glance:

model Engine type Displacement Bore × stroke design type Fuel processing power Torque comment
M 27 VW EA 189
(model CJDA)
1968 cc 81 mm × 95.5 mm Row 4
4 valves
Common rail - direct injection 75 kW (102 hp)
at 3500 min -1
250 Nm
at 2600 min -1
Particle filter
(closed system)
TREMO 75 kW (102 hp)
at 3000 min -1
285 Nm
at 1750 min -1
FUMO Iveco F1C 2998 cc 95.8 mm × 104 mm 107 kW (145 hp)
at 3500 min -1
320 Nm
at 1400 min -1
90 kW (122 hp)
at 3000 min -1
310 Nm
at 1400 min -1
M 31 107 kW (145 hp)
at 3500 min -1
320 Nm
at 1400 min -1
90 kW (122 hp)
at 3000 min -1
310 Nm
at 1400 min -1

Gear variants The three current series are available in different gear configurations. In addition to a 5-speed manual transmission (all-wheel-drive version with 10-speed manual transmission), a two-stage hydrostatic transmission with variable speed control is available for the FUMO model series . The 5- or 10-speed manual transmission is also available for the M 27 model, while the TREMO is only available with a continuously variable transmission .


  • Udo Bols: Multicar. The all-rounder. 2nd edition, Podszun, Brilon 2008, ISBN 978-3-86133-325-8 .
  • Vehicle plant Waltershausen: Operating instructions for the special vehicle IFA Multicar 25 . 9th edition. Fachbuchverlag, Leipzig 1987, DNB  881098582 .
  • Vehicle plant Waltershausen: Repair manual for the special vehicle IFA Multicar 25 . 2nd, unchanged edition. Fachbuchverlag, Leipzig 1986, DNB  880869569 .
  • Frank Rönicke: Multicar , 1st edition, Motorbuch-Verlag, Stuttgart 2015, ISBN 9783613038004 .

Web links

Commons : Multicar  album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Automotive Technology, 2/1951, p 34th
  2. Diesel-Ant facilitates internal transport. In: Motor vehicle technology 6/1957, p. 216.
  3. ↑ Road-rail vehicle. Retrieved January 27, 2011 .
  4. M 27. Multicar, accessed on January 26, 2011 .
  5. Dirk Leier: Multicar series. In: Multifunctional equipment carriers - Multicar. Hako GmbH, November 6, 2018, accessed on November 6, 2018 .
  6. a b See, for example, the data sheet for the Multicar Tremo (accessed November 17, 2011; PDF; 2.3 MB)
  7. a b See the data sheet for the Multicar Fumo (accessed November 17, 2011; PDF; 2.9 MB)
  8. The F1C engine series was developed by the FIAT Powertrain development laboratory in Arbon, Switzerland, the former development laboratory of the truck manufacturer Saurer . This engine is also used in a similar form by Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation (part of Daimler AG ) in the Mitsubishi Fuso Canter light truck.