Normann (noble family)
The family first appears in a document in 1316 with Thesemer, Henneke and Thesdart Norman and then divided into seven tribes. On the island of Rügen, the family owned properties in Dubkevitz , Helle , Liddow , Lebbin, Tribbevitz, Jarnitz , Tribberatz and Poppelvitz . In the course of time, other properties were added to the West Pomeranian mainland, such as Mocker and Thurow , as well as Gnatzkow near Greifswald.
In 1556 a Heinrich von Normann was governor of the Camminer Stift . The family provided numerous governors on Rügen . Melchior von Normann was the first councilor of Duke Ernst Ludwig von Pommern-Wolgast and ruled with unrestricted authority.
The line on Gnatzkow near Greifswald ended in 1679 with the last heiress Maria Lucretia von Normann, who married Christoph von Bohlen and with that the West Pomeranian estate passed to the von Bohlen family and received after Carl Behrend von Bohlen with the construction of the manor house from around 1773 Name Gut Carlsburg .
Lines of the family were founded in Sweden and Denmark as well as in Silesia and Württemberg . Several members of the wealthy lines in the Brandenburg-Prussian provinces were in Prussian military service. Karl Ludwig von Normann achieved the rank of major general under King Friedrich II. And Georg Balthasar von Normann under Friedrich Wilhelm II . The latter adopted his nephew, who started the von Kahlden- Normann family . The Württemberg line came under the name of Normann-Ehrenfels in 1806 in the count state . It had been enfeoffed since 1803 with Ehrenfels, formerly owned by the family of the same name , which died out in the 14th century , then the summer residence of the imperial abbots of Zwiefalten .
In Einschreibebuch of Dobbertin Abbey a registration by Normann is 1799 Diestelow for inclusion in the noble Damenstift in Kloster Dobbertin ; Whether the registered agnatin later became conventual still needs a valid check.
In 1793, 1794 and 1798 nobility legitimations with the settlement of the paternal coat of arms were made for a total of eight illegitimate descendants of the primitive aristocratic family.
The Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt head hunter Anton Adam Ludwig von Holleben (1711–1782) received the Western Pomeranian manors Leistenow , Buschmühl and Gatschow (Gnatzkau) through his marriage to his second wife (1747) Sophie Margarethe von Normann (1728–1803 ). He bought the manors Helschdorf, Köditz (Koditz) and Fröbitz (Ferbitz) 1760-69, making it one of primogeniture . Therefore, the name association took place as of Holleben called (from) Normann or of Holleben-Normann . The name association was due to the respective Fideikommissherr on Köditz and expired with the Saxon Lieutenant General Anton von Holleben called von Normann (1854-1926), who dissolved the Fideikommiss in 1924 and transferred Köditz with Fröbitz to his daughter Helene (* 1890). She had been married to the Saxon major Hans Freiherr von Schaumberg (1876–1934) since 1911 and, according to the order of the Saxon Minister of the Interior, had been named Baron von Schaumberg-Normann since 1927 . The possession of Köditz with Fröbitz was expropriated as a result of the Second World War.
Oskar Normann (1833–1914), Prussian lieutenant colonel , received the Prussian nobility status as von Normann-Loshausen in 1893 , with the approval of the continuation of the family coat of arms of the von Normann family from Rügen. He was able to trace his lineage back to Knut Normann († 1789), who was born in Stockholm in 1705 and a citizen of Kassel. In 1891 he acquired Loshausen Castle, Park and Forest (119 hectares of fields and gardens, 45 hectares of meadows and 151 hectares of forest) and had the old manor house demolished. A basalt building was erected in its place. The estate was owned by the family until 1924, when it was sold. In 1908 the Mildenburg was acquired through purchase. The layout of the castle courtyard in the style of the castle romanticism of the 19th century as well as extensive renovation and modernization of the interior followed. 1943–1979 the castle was owned by the Normann-Loshausen heirs, the Bock von Wülfingen family , then the city of Miltenberg acquired the building complex. Oskar's son Adolf von Normann-Loshausen (1864-1927) was a Prussian major general and commander (18th Cavalry Brigade) during the First World War.
In 1863, the Berlin banker Siegfried Normann (1802–1874) from a Jewish family in Danzig, baptized in 1861, acquired the coat of arms of the Prussian nobility. From his marriage to Karoline Wulff-Levin called Halle came a daughter Marie Philippine (1835-1896), her husband Erik von Witzleben (1827-1866) as a Prussian captain and company commander in the Kaiser Franz Garde Grenadier Regiment No. 2 in battle fell at Trautenau . Her sons Erik (1855–1931; Lieutenant Colonel) and Kurt von Witzleben (1857–1931; Chamberlain ) received royal Prussian permission in 1876 to unite Witzleben-Normann names and coats of arms .
coat of arms
The family coat of arms shows a growing black eagle in a divided shield above in silver, below three red alarm clocks standing next to each other in blue . On the helmet with red-silver (also red-silver-blue-silver-black-silver-red-silver) covers in front of a natural peacock frond, two upwardly inclined golden (or red) oars.
The Count's coat of arms Normann-Ehrenfels extended the family coat of arms next to the count's showpieces with the coat of arms of the extinct Ehrenfelser, in blue three oblique left bars directly next to each other, the two outer ones red, the middle gold.
Known family members
- Adolf von Normann-Loshausen (1864–1927), Prussian major general
- Axel von Normann (1760–1835), Prussian major general
- Ernst Christoph von Normann (1717–1770) Austrian major general, knight of the Maria Theresa Order
- Friedrich von Normann-Ehrenfels (1787–1834), Chamberlain of Württemberg, Court and Finance Councilor
- Georg Balthasar von Normann (1721–1795), Prussian major general
- Hans von Normann (1880–1918), German administrative officer
- Helmuth Theodor Wilhelm von Normann (1802–1832), diplomat and poet
- Heinrich von Normann, Pomeranian envoy to the imperial court in 1548 and ducal governor of the diocese of Cammin in 1557
- Heinrich von Normann (1847–1934), Prussian lieutenant general
- Johann Friedrich von Normann (1734–1798), Prussian major general
- Karl August Friedrich von Normann-Ehrenfels (1783–1824), Chamberlain of Württemberg
- Karl von Normann-Ehrenfels (Karl Friedrich Leberecht von Normann-Ehrenfels; 1784–1822), Württemberg major general, Philhellene
- Karl Ludwig von Normann (1705–1780), Prussian major general
- Karl von Normann (1827–1888), Prussian court marshal
- Matthäus von Normann , German lawyer; from 1554 to 1569 governor on Rügen
- Melchior von Normann , ducal councilor and minister, favorite of Duke Ernst Ludwig von Pommern-Wolgast
- Philipp Christian von Normann-Ehrenfels (1756–1817), German lawyer, Minister of State of the Kingdom of Württemberg
- Rudolf von Normann (1806–1882), German painter, draftsman, lithographer and set designer
- Julius Theodor Bagmihl : Pommersches Wappenbuch . Stettin 1846, Volume 2, pp. 147-154.
- Deutsche Adelsgenossenschaft (Hrsg.): Yearbook of the German nobility . Volume 2, 1898, published by WT Bruer, p. 618 - digitized
- Genealogical manual of the nobility , Adelslexikon. Volume IX, Volume 116 of the complete series, pp. 450-453, CA Starke Verlag, Limburg (Lahn) 1998,
- Ernst Heinrich Kneschke : New general German nobility lexicon . Leipzig 1865, Volume 6, pp. 527-529.
- Emil von Normann: History of the entire family von Normann. Ulm 1894. ( digitized in the digital library Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
- Martin Wehrmann : History of Pomerania. 2nd edition, Volume 2, Verlag Andreas Perthes, Gotha 1921. Reprint: Weltbild Verlag, Augsburg 1992, ISBN 3-89350-112-6 , pp. 60-101.
- Leopold Freiherr von Zedlitz-Neukirch : New Prussian Nobility Lexicon . Volume 3: I-O. Reichenbach Brothers, Leipzig 1837, pp. 466–467.
- Literature about Normann (noble family) in the state bibliography MV
- Coat of arms of the Normann in Johann Siebmacher's Wappenbuch from 1701, Volume 5, Plate 165-2.
- Original in the Stralsund City Archives
- New genealogical manual, p. 303
- Lineage: Bernhard von Holleben called von Normann (1750 - 1811)
- Leopold Freiherr von Zedlitz-Neukirch: Neues Prussisches Adels-Lexicon , p. 426.
- Johann Samuel Publication: General Encyclopedia of Sciences and Arts , p. 62
- Castle archive: von Holleben
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels , Adelige Häuser A, Volume IV, Volume 22 of the complete series, Limburg (Lahn) 1960, pp. 365–366
- Offenbach old cemetery
- "Loshausen, Schwalm-Eder district". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Community Willingshausen: Loshausen ( Memento of the original from September 23, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Museums of the city of Miltenberg: The Mildenburg
- Newspaper for the German nobility, volume 1 (1840), p. 36, marriage; Births and deaths
- Brno paperback. 1889, p. 248; see. Genealogy forms: ennobled Jewish families (No. 329)
- Danmarks Nobility Aarbog
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Adelslexikon Volume IX, Volume 116 of the complete series, pp. 450–453, 1998