The Pflugk , plow from Rab (en) stein (Czech Pluh z Rab (s) stejna ) are a Saxon-Bohemian prehistoric noble family that appears in Pluhowy Zdiar in Bohemia with the Vladiken Ulricus Pluoch dictus "aratrum" in 1287 . The term ploughshare , a tool used in agriculture, as a symbol of happiness and peace in the Pflugk coat of arms probably comes from the old Czech Zzar . Ulricus Pluoch founded the parish church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of the Seven Sorrows in Rabenstein an der Schnella in western Bohemia in 1308 and is thus documented for the first time.
The family in Bohemia is of the same tribe as the (von) Pflugk in Meißen , from which Karl Christian Freiherr von Pflug, dated Vienna on April 7, 1701, received the Bohemian count and Witanowsky von Wlczkowicz in Bohemia; however, the exact genealogical connection could not be established. Johann Pflug von Rabstein, governor and court marshal in the Kingdom of Bohemia, and his brothers were accepted into the Bohemian gentry in Prague in 1528.
According to a family legend, the family should descend from the Bohemian ruler Libuše and her husband Přemysl the plowman , probably because of the mention of his activity as a "plowman" before his marriage. First mentioned is a Wladyk Ulricus Pfluoch , the 1287 in the service of the noble Ulrich I. Neuhaus from the house of Witigonen stand and in Bohemia located Pluhův Žďár possessed, which leads a spade (a ploughshare) in the local coat of arms, covered with a Lindenast , the family coat of arms of the Pflugk.
In Bohemia, the family lived from the beginning of the 14th century to the end of the 16th century at the castles Rab (en) stein an der Schnella , Beschau and Königswart Castle in the Egerland . Descendants sat at Schwarzenburg Castle near Rötz , Waldmünchen , Störnstein and Neustadt an der Waldnaab in the Nordgau , later Upper Palatinate , and belonged to the gentry class.
The oldest Meissen possessions of descendants of the Bohemian Pflugk tribe had been the castle and town of Strehla on the Elbe since 1338 . From 1349 they appeared in Knauthain in the south of Leipzig and ruled the lands on the Elbe and Pleiße as loyal vassals of the Margraves of Meißen . They owned Groitzsch in the Borna area ; Gut und Schloss Rötha ; Castle, City of Pegau and Pegau Office ; Cöllnitz , Eythra (with castle), Mausitz , Löbnitz , Deutzen , Großhermsdorf and Wiederau .
The Bohemian plows from Rabenstein (Pluh z Rabštejna) invested in ore mining in Sankt Joachimsthal in the 16th century. In the 15th-16th Century also own mining rights for their rule Beschau with the mining towns Schlaggenwald , Schönfeld and Lauterbach Stadt .
The Reformation brought the sex to two different religious communities. The Pflugk families in Bohemia adopted the Evangelical Lutheran faith, the Pflugk in Eythra remained members of the Roman Catholic Church , whose members were chamberlains, captains and colonels in the service of the Electors of Saxony .
Overview of the lineage of the Pflugk von Rabenstein in Bohemia
- Ulrich I called Pluoch, Wladyk auf Pluhowy Zdiar, in 1287 in the service of Herr von Neuhaus from the house of the Witigonen , acquired Rabenstein in western Bohemia around 1295 and died after 1308.
- Ulrich II. Pflugk von Rabenstein (Pluh z Rabenstejna) 1319–1341 State Chamberlain in the Kingdom of Bohemia, Burgrave von Pürglitz and Country Steward, died 1341, married to Johanna von Michelsberg (z Michalowicz). He has the brother Czibor alias Tiburtius, Burgrave of Neuhaus.
- Ulrich III., On Rabenstein and Dírná , which appears in the city arms as a reminder of the Pflugk, whose ancestral coat of arms, the spade (the ploughshare) covered with a linden branch. He died in 1357 and was married to Verenika (Wraczka) Freiin Sswihowsky von Riesenberg, daughter of Wilhelm II. Frhrn. Sswihowsky von Riesenberg auf Chiech and Ludmilla von Rabstein.
- Hintze (Hynczik, ie. "Little Hynek") I., on Worlik (Orlik Castle on the Moldau) and from 1398 on Borschengrün (Borsengryn) near Eger ( Cheb ) in the Egerland ; Captain of the royal border forest against Bavaria, the "Hwozd" (= Künisches Gebirge ), then governor in Upper Lusatia , died in 1401, married to Amatia Zenger von Tannstein.
- Hintze (Hynczik) II. At Schwarzenburg Castle near Rötz in Bavaria, carer at Chamb ( Cham ) and Störnstein , died 1448, married to Praxidis von Parsberg, widowed von Stauff zu Ehrenfels (castle near Beratzhausen in the Upper Palatinate, Regensburg district).
- Sebastian I. Pfleger auf Cham and Wörth, founder of the Löwlerbund , a noble society of the 15th century, which met in Cham and was directed against the Bavarian Duke Albrecht IV and his claims regarding financial benefits. He was field captain of the Army of the Teutonic Order in Bavaria against the attacks of the Hussites ; he died in 1492 and was married to Heswiga Freiin von Rozmital, daughter of Zdenko Frhr. from Rosenthal and Blatna to Zbirow.
- Hintze (Hynczik) III., On Petschau , Pawn lord of the castle Pisek, died in 1503, married to Agnes of Schwanberg , daughter of Hynek Fhrh. from Schwanberg to Hayd, district chief of the Pilsener Kreis and Margarethe von Plauen to Königswarth. Hintze III Pflugk von Rabenstein has the siblings:
- Johanna, married to Johann Zwirzeticzky von Wartenberg ;
- Wenzel, died before 1440;
- Anna, married in 1477 to Heymeram Notthaft von Wernberg;
- Elisabeth, married to the imperial baron Hieronymus von Stauff zu Ehrenfels (castle near Beratzhausen in the Upper Palatinate / district of Regensburg) and to Köfering;
- Praxidis, married in 1487 to Amarg Frhr. from Wildenfels .
Children of the couple Hintze III. Pflugk von Rabenstein and Agnes von Schwanberg are:
- Johann (Hans IV.) Freiherr Pflug von Rabenstein (dd1528), on Beschau, Tachau, Königswart and Kuttenplan, German fief captain, royal court marshal and from 1533 to 1537 Colonel Chancellor of the Kingdom of Bohemia, died on August 14, 1537 in Prague and in St. Hradschin buried in Prague, married to Katharina Haslauer von Haslau , died 1548, daughter of Martin H. von H., captain at Königswart.
- Hintze (Hyczik) IV., On Königswart, died in 1531, was married to Dorothea Countess von Gleichen .
- Sebastian II., On Gottschau ( Kočov ), died unmarried in 1520.
- Stephan, on Alt-Teinitzl, died unmarried in 1533.
- Kunigunde, nun, + ...
- Margarethe, married to Stephan Graf Schlik von Passaun and Weisskirchen, Freiherr von Holeycz, died in 1526.
- Christoph Pflug von Rabstein, on Gottschau, died 1519, married to Siguna Countess von Schlik, the sister of her brother-in-law Stephan Graf Schlik von Passaun and Weisskirchen, Freiherr von Holeycz, daughter of Kaspar II. Graf Schlik zu Passaun and Weisskirchen, Frhr. von Holeycz, on Schlackenwert and the Elisabeth Countess von Guttenstein- Vrtba .
Their three children are:
- Kaspar Pflug von Rabstein, Lord of Bečov, Rabenstein and Königswart, 1546 holder of the highest offices in Bohemia under Ferdinand I, spokesman for the Protestant-Evangelical-Lutheran opposition of the Bohemian gentry against the king; fell out of favor in 1547, was expelled from the country, and his property confiscated. Rehabilitated under Emperor Maximilian II and reinstated in his dignity. He received his goods back with the exception of Bečov, which had meanwhile been sold to the city of Schlaggenwald . He died as the last of the name-bearer tribe of the Plug (k) von Rab (en) stein in Böhmen in 1585 on Falkenau an der Eger in western Bohemia , in Kolditz in 1572 he married Magdalena Countess von Schaumburg.
- Anna, died in 1585, married to Wolfgang Graf Schlik von Passaun and Weißkirchen, Baron von Holeycz.
- Ursula, died after 1577, married to Hans Vitzthum on Kupferberg and died before 1566.
Overview of the family tree of the Pflugk in Meißen / Saxony
In Meissen's country, the Pflugk family was one of the four main pillars and principal families of Meissen's heroic nobility and is usually mentioned first. At that time the family wrote itself without the aristocratic title, as did all primeval noble families up to around 1650 who named themselves not after a family castle, but after their coat of arms or some other characteristic. In 1528 the Posterstein estate and castle came into the possession of the family.
- Otto Pflugk (around 1345 – around 1427), progenitor of the Meißnian line, knight, 1417 together with knight Nickel Pflug with Sellershausen, Pomsen, Belgershein, Geschwitz, Lindhard, Steinberg, Groß-Peßne enfeoffed, on Strehla (1384), Frauenhain (1392 ), Zabeltitz (1397), Tiefenau (1423), Council of King Wenceslaus of Bohemia and Margrave Jobst , Lord of Moravia. First marriage to Margarethe von Birkicht (around 1370–75), second marriage to Anna von Schönberg (around 1400).
- Nickel Pflugk (Knauthain) (around 1410–1482), also "the Iron", was u. a. Bailiff of Leipzig, Borna and Pegau; Grave slab in the Thomaskirche Leipzig (originally in the Pflugkschen Marien-Chapel, which was built on the north side of the university church in 1393 , later in the cloister)
- Nickel Pflugk (Zabeltitz) was a colonel in the Teutonic Knights Order , governor of the Pleißenburg in Leipzig, and builder of the Zabeltitz Renaissance castle in 1565.
- Caesar Pflugk (around 1450–1524), son of Nickel Pflugk (Knauthain) , was a state and appeal councilor, chairman of the Leipzig disputation in 1519.
- Sigmund Pflugk (around 1455–1510), canon and provost in Meißen and Merseburg, 1494–1500 chancellor, Duke Albrecht the Courageous of Saxony.
- Andreas Pflugk (1480–1542), son of Nickel Pflugk (Knauthain) , was a magistrate in Dornburg and Leipzig, here also court judge
- Hans and Elisabeth Pflugk, the accepted but not documented great-grandparents of Katharina von Bora .
- Moritz Pflugk, owner of the manor in Pomßen , was executed in 1537 for adultery and murder on the Leipzig market .
- Julius von Pflugk (1499–1564), son of Caesar Pflugk, was the last Prince Bishop of Naumburg-Zeitz and a pioneer of the ecumenical movement. He worked on the Augsburger Interim , introduced the priestly marriage and the lay chalice .
- Benno Pflugk was supervisor of the county of Mansfeld , bailiff or captain of Sangerhausen and councilor of the Electoral Saxony.
- Hans Siegmund Pflugk, Saxon chamberlain and satellite captain. In 1683 he triumphed over the Turkish army at the gates of Vienna.
- Centurius Pflugk reformed the Saxon army .
- Count August Ferdinand von Pflugk (born May 22, 1662 in Dresden; † April 8, 1712), was a privy councilor and interior minister under Augustus the Strong . In 1703 he was involved in the overthrow of the Grand Chancellor Wolf Dietrich von Beichlingen . He was a triple knight : of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation , the Order of St. John and the Order of St. Andrew of Russia . He was married to Elisabeth Friederike von Stubenberg (* 1673; † 1733), daughter of Rudolf Wilhelm von Stubenberg . On November 20, 1705 allowed him to Emperor Joseph I , to adopt a child to take place, who continues with his counts stand.
- Julius von Pflugk-Harttung (1848-1919) was the adopted son and grandson of the Mecklenburg branch of Pflugk.
- Horst von Pflugk-Harttung (1889–1967), German naval officer
- Heinz von Pflugk-Harttung (1890–1920), German officer
- Strehla Castle , came to the Pflugk family in 1384 as a fief of the Naumburg bishops and remained in their possession until 1945.
- Leuben Castle
- Rittergut, later Vorwerk Merzdorf near Riesa from 1521 to the end of the 16th century
- Zabeltitz water castle (later converted into a baroque castle)
coat of arms
The shield is square in red and silver. In fields 1 and 4 an inclined silver ploughshare and in fields 2 and 3 diagonally to the right a natural linden branch with three (2 to 1) leaves. On the crowned helmet there are two silver plowshares set at an angle, each with seven red and silver ostrich feathers on the outside. The blankets are red-silver.
Coat of arms in Scheibler's book of arms , 15th century.
Coat of arms in Siebmacher's coat of arms book , 1605
- Roman von Procházka : Genealogical handbook of extinct Bohemian noble families , Neustadt an der Aisch 1973, Pflug von Rab (en) stein in Böhmen (Pluh z Rab (s) steyna) pages 225 to 227 with a description of the coat of arms and numerous additional sources, ISBN 3-7686- 5002-2
- Gotha , Uradel 1921, especially the historical introduction
- The coats of arms of the Bohemian nobility, J. Siebmacher's great coat of arms book Volume 30, 1979 Neustadt an der Aisch, Freiherrn Pflug von Rabenstein pages 247 and 248, coat of arms plate 112, ISBN 3-87947-030-8
- Karen Lambrecht: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 21, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-428-11202-4 , p. 74 f. ( ). In:
- Ernst Heinrich Kneschke : New general German nobility lexicon , Vol. 7 Leipzig 1867 p. 130
- (Lib.Confirm I)
- (BSB Volume CV, pages 514 to 521)
- Paths of Cultural Heritage: A travel guide through the important mining monuments of the western Ore Mountains (The Path of Mining Monuments), Sankt Joachimsthal p. 25, Karlovarsky Kraj, Polypress Karlovy Vary 2013, 2nd edition, ISBN 978-80-87104-73-6
- cf. z. B. Hahn (noble family) or (until today) Grote (noble family)
- Peter Schwarz: The millennial Leipzig . Volume 1. ProLeipzig 2015, ISBN 978-3-945027-04-2 , p. 62
- Inventarium diplomaticum historiae Saxoniae Superioris, p. 769, online in the Google book search