Quincy (Massachusetts)

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Nickname : "The City of Presidents"
Peacefield - family seat of the Adams from 1788
Peacefield - family seat of the Adams from 1788
Location in Massachusetts
Quincy ma highlight.png
Basic data
Foundation : 1625
State : United States
State : Massachusetts
County : Norfolk County
Coordinates : 42 ° 15 ′  N , 71 ° 0 ′  W Coordinates: 42 ° 15 ′  N , 71 ° 0 ′  W
Time zone : Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )
Residents : 89,200 (as of 2005)
Population density : 2,050.6 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 69.6 km 2  (approx. 27 mi 2 ) of
which 43.5 km 2  (approx. 17 mi 2 ) is land
Height : 6 m
Structure: Townships
Postcodes : 02169-02171
Area code : +1 617, 857
FIPS : 25-55745
GNIS ID : 0617701
Website : ci.quincy.ma.us
Mayor : Thomas L. Koch

Quincy [ ˈkwɪnzi ] is a US city (since 1888) in New England in the state of Massachusetts . It is located on Quincy Bay ten kilometers southeast of Boston . The place is also called City of the Presidents , because with John Adams (2nd US President from 1797 to 1801) and his son John Quincy Adams (6th US President from 1825 to 1829) two US presidents come from Quincy . Other important politicians, diplomats, military officials, business leaders and scientists also emerged from the family. The buildings associated with the life of the Adams family are listed in the Adams National Historical Park .


Quincy is located directly on the Atlantic Ocean on the highly indented Massachusetts Bay in the northeastern United States, the geological conditions of which made it possible to develop natural harbor facilities . The city is bordered by Boston to the north and Milton to the west . To the south it is separated from Randolph by the Neponset River , and to the east Quincy borders on Hull (on the Nantasket Peninsula, separated by Hingham Bay ), Weymouth and Braintree .


The place was founded in 1625 before Boston and named after Colonel John Quincy, the grandfather of the 2nd President John Adams . The community was later added to the neighboring Braintree and only became independent again in 1792. In 1888 Quincy was granted city status, which is associated with particularly extensive self-government in the six New England states.

The city was known for its stone quarrying and shipbuilding . The granite railway was the first commercial railway line in the United States and dates back to 1826. It was only a few kilometers long and carried granite from the Quincy quarry to the banks of the Neponset River in Milton, where it was transferred to ships for onward transport. In 1963 the last quarry was shut down.

Another mainstay of the city was sailing shipbuilding in the 19th and early 20th centuries . The area to the southeast of the city on the Weymouth Fore River became a center of shipbuilding from 1880. The Fore River Ship and Engine Building Company , founded by Thomas A. Watson in Braintree in 1884, moved to Quincy in 1901 and built many merchant and warships, including the only seven- masted schooner Thomas W. Lawson , one of the largest sailing ships in the world merchant fleet, the aircraft carrier USS Lexington (CV-2) , battleships USS Massachusetts (BB-59) and USS Nevada (BB-36), and USS Salem (CA-139) , heavy cruisers, and the world's last gun-only warship . It is a museum ship of the United States Naval Ship Building Museum on the pier. The shipyard was taken over by Bethlehem Steel in 1913 and, after a century of history, closed its doors in 1986.


The summer months of July and August in Quincy can be hot with high humidity . The average temperature in July is 28 ° C. In the winter months from November to February the weather is often wet and cold with snowfall. The average temperature in January is −6 ° C.

Graves of Presidents John and John Quincy Adams and their wives (church tomb) in the United First Parish Church


A special facility in Quincy is the aforementioned US Naval Shipbuilding Museum. There you can see interesting historical naval exhibits next to the USS Salem , the only surviving heavy cruiser of the United States Navy . Other buildings worth seeing are the Church of the Holy Sepulcher ( United First Parish Church ) and the houses of the Adams family in the Adams National Historical Park . A number of Quincy attractions are listed on the National Register of Historic Places . The Quincy Shore Reservation and Quincy Quarries Reservation are popular destinations.

The National Park Service identifies a total of seven National Historic Landmarks and 108 buildings and sites for the city that are registered on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) (as of November 30, 2018).


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities related to the city


  • Patricia Harrigan Browne: Quincy - A Past Carved in Stone . In: Images of America Series . Arcadia Publishing, Dover NH 1996; ISBN 0-7524-0299-4

Web links

Commons : Quincy, Massachusetts  - collection of pictures, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. List of NHL by State . National Park Service , accessed November 30, 2018.
    Search mask database in the National Register Information System. National Park Service , accessed November 30.
  2. The Really Bitching Tale Of Dick Dale As Told By The Man Himself ( Memento of the original from June 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (Interview by James Porter and Jake Austen, English). Dale was born in Boston and grew up in Quincy. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.roctober.com