Imperial roads in East Prussia

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After the separation of the Polish corridor in 1920, the streets in East Prussia were no longer connected to the rest of the German Empire , but instead formed a separate, separate street network in the exclave . The most important of these were given the numbers 126 to 138 when the trunk road network in Germany was numbered in 1932. They were initially referred to as trunk roads and were renamed Reichsstrasse in 1934.

Reichsstraßen (since 1934)

The National Highway 1 led the most important road of the province of East Prussia in west-east direction of Berlin on Elbing , Braunsberg , Konigsberg , Insterburg and Gumbinnen until after Eydtkuhnen at the former German- Lithuanian border. This important traffic artery led from Frauenburg to Königsberg along the Frischen Haff and when it was completed in 1828 it was the first highway in the entire province of East Prussia. From 1831 the road construction towards Insterburg was continued, in 1835 the road to Gumbinnen was completed. In 1837 the completion of the road to Eydtkuhnen was solemnly announced.

Basic network of the Reichsstraßen 1937 (including extensions until 1941)

The Reichsstrasse 126 led in a north-south direction from Labiau via Königsberg and Mohrungen to Marienwerder . The 43 km long section from Labiau to Königsberg was built in 1853.

The Reichsstraße 127 led in an east-west direction from Lyck via Allenstein and Osterode to Deutsch Eylau . This route led over secondary roads that were not expanded until the late 19th century. The 26 km long section between Sensburg and Bischofsburg was built in 1875, but its continuation to Allenstein was not completed until 1883, the further section to Deutsch Eylau was not completed until 1891/1892.

The National Highway 128 resulted in a north-south direction from the Baltic Sea Cranz about Konigsberg , Prussian Eylau and Bartenstein to Szczytno . The 58 km long section from Königsberg to Bartenstein was the most important north-south connection in East Prussia and was completed in 1830.

The 29 km long section from the city of Königsberg to the Baltic seaside resort of Cranz was a busy route, especially on weekends, on which fatal accidents regularly occurred. In the narrow thoroughfares of the Königsberg suburbs of Quednau and Rothenstein, pedestrians could hardly cross the street at rush hour. To improve road safety, a cycle path was laid next to the road, but there are no more tracks today. The construction of a new car road was planned in 1939, but could no longer be realized because of the Second World War.

The national highway 129 led as a branch of the National Highway 1 in North-South direction of Marienburg about Kwidzyn until after Garnsee Polish-German at the former border.

The Reichsstrasse 130 led from Elbing via Prussian Holland to Osterode . Road construction began in 1845. On November 1, 1853, the last section from Liebemühl to Osterode was opened.

The National Highway 131 resulted in a north-south direction from the Baltic port of Pillau on Konigsberg , Gerdauen , Wegorzewo and Gizycko to Arys . The section from Pillau to Königsberg was already a busy post road around 1700 and was therefore primarily expanded. Since many motorists from the westernmost area of ​​the Reich used the ships of the East Prussian Sea Service to bypass the Polish corridor, this busy route from the seaport of Pillau to the provincial capital of Königsberg was expanded for car traffic in the 1930s. In 1844 the road to Gerdauen was completed, in 1858 the section between Gerdauen and Angerburg was completed. The section between Angerburg and Lötzen was only expanded between 1867 and 1870 as part of emergency work. A little earlier, in 1866, the road from Lötzen via Arys to Johannisburg was completed. However, Reichsstrasse 131 ended in Arys , where it merged into Reichsstrasse 127, which ran from Lyck to Allenstein . The well-developed road from Arys to Johannisburg was never, not even after the occupation of Poland, made a Reichsstraße.

The Reichsstrasse 132 led in a north-south direction from Tilsit via Gumbinnen and Goldap to Lyck and reached the German-Polish border at Grajewo . The section between Goldap and Lyck is part of a connecting road from Insterburg to Lyck that was expanded in 1850. After the incorporation of the Memelland on March 23, 1939, the road from Tilsit to Memel, completed in 1853, was also designated as Reichsstrasse 132.

The national highway 133 led by Rosenberg on German Eylau to the former German-Polish border near Löbau. The 21 km long section from Rosenberg to Deutsch Eylau was completed in 1863, the 19 km continuation to Löbau was completed in 1865. During the Weimar Republic, a transit route led via Thorn and Bromberg or Posen to the western part of the Reich.

The Reichsstraße 134 led as a branch of the Reichsstraße 128 in north-south direction from Preussisch Eylau via Heilsberg and Allenstein to Ortelsburg . The 35 km long section between Preußisch Eylau and Heilsberg was completed in 1848. When it opened in 1859, the 26 km long section from Guttstadt to Allenstein was the first road connection in the then still small town of Allenstein.

The national highway 135 led 75 km long link road in west-east direction from Bartenstein over Rastenburg by Lötzen .

The national highway 136 led a short connecting road from Angerburg to Goldap .

The national highway 137 led by United Skaisgirren about Insterburg and Darkehmen to Goldap . This important north-south connection (and its continuation to Lyck) was built as early as 1850 and immediately after its completion it was used by a stagecoach three times a day . After the occupation of Poland in 1939, Reichsstrasse 137 was extended to Suwałki .

The national highway 138 led as a branch of the National Highway 1 from Taplacken after Tilsit . This 61 km long, dead straight route was built in 1832 as a direct connection road from Königsberg to Tilsit. After the incorporation of the Memelland on March 23, 1939, Reichsstraße 138 was extended to the newly established German-Lithuanian border at Tauroggen . This likewise dead-straight route was already used for long-distance traffic from Berlin to St. Petersburg in the days of the Tsars.

Reichsstraßen (since 1937)

The national highway 139 led 40 km long link road in north-south direction from Insterburg to Nordenburg (R 131).

The national highway 140 led than 41 km link road from Mragowo (R 127) to Giżycko (R 131).

The Reichsstraße 141 led as a branch of the Reichsstraße 142 in a north-south direction from Allenburg via Gerdauen and Rastenburg to Bischofsburg . This 100 km long connecting road, like Reichsstraßen 139 and 142, served as a spacious bypass for the city of Königsberg. The section from Allenburg to Gerdauen was built between 1850 and 1854.

The national highway 142 led than 81 km link road in North-South direction of Wehlau over Allenburg and Bartenstein after Heilsberg , where it culminated in the national route 134 to Allenstein, and then head west to Braunsberg. The section between Wehlau and Allenburg was completed in 1857.

The National Highway 143 led from Konigsberg about Drugehnen by noise . This well-developed road between Königsberg and Drugehnen was used by Reichsstraße 131, established in 1932, before the new line of Reichsstraße 131 completed in the 1930s led to Pillau via Großheydekrug.

The national highway 144 led than 53 km link road in west-east direction of Marienburg on German Eylau up to the former German-Polish border near Löbau. This road was built in 1874. After the transfer of the Polish corridor in 1920, this street was the only external connection to the town of Freystadt, which remained with Germany, due to the transfer of the Bischofswerder train station, so that regular bus services were established on this street.

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