Bolgheri Sassicaia is the name of a red wine whose name is derived from a field near the town of Bolgheri (district of Castagneto Carducci ) on the Tuscan Mediterranean coast (called Maremma Livornese ) and which revolutionized Italy's viticulture in the 1980s .
Than during the Second World War in Italy were French red wines scarce, planted Marchese Mario Incisa della Rocchetta on a rocky slope below the castle in 1944 in Bolgheri, about ten kilometers from the coast, Castiglioncello vineyards of French varieties Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc to . The wine was given the name of a location that was named "Sassicaia" after the many stones ( Italian sassi ) in the soil.
The wine was initially intended exclusively for private use. Only at the urging of his son Nicolò and his nephew Marchese Piero Antinori was Incisa della Rocchetta convinced of a marketing opportunity. In the early 1970s, the first bottles came on the market with the 1968 vintage. The slow triumphant advance of the dense to massive red wine, which was untypical for Italy at the time, had begun. For many years it was only allowed to be classified as Vino da Tavola ( table wine ) because the French grape varieties were not allowed in quality wines (DOC) in Italy. Due to his success, however, he soon found numerous imitators and is therefore referred to as the father of the super Tuscan alongside the top wine of the Marchese Piero Antinori, Tignanello .
The original wine of the Sassicaia marketing from 1968 is now an absolute rarity. The 1985 Sassicaia, a very good year for red wines in all of Italy, was also very well known and had a full 100 Parker points for a long time . However, the "Sassi 85" was now often adversely affected, as the quality of the corking often gives a cork connoisseur this extremely expensive wine (as of 2013: approx. 1,600 euros / bottle). The wine has degraded noticeably over the past ten years. Robert Parker has re-rated this wine with 97 points.
Not until 1994 was a Rosso approved in the DOC Bolgheri, to which this wine made a significant contribution. The Sassicaia even has its own sub-area Bolgheri Sassicaia within this DOC, making it the only wine in Italy with its own DOC. The winery has been run by Marchese Nicolò Incisa della Rocchetta since the 1980s.
Cultivation and production
According to the denomination (excerpt):
- Color : intense ruby red or garnet red
- Smell : vinous, rich and elegant
- Taste : dry, full, robust and harmonious, with a good, elegant structure
- Alcohol content : at least 12.0% vol.
- Acidity : at least 4.5 g / l
- Dry extract : at least 25.0 g / l
- Steffen Maus : Italy's wine worlds - wine, vino, wine . Gebrüder Kornmayer, 2013, ISBN 978-3-942051-18-7 .
- Valeria Camaschella (Ed.): Lexicon of Italian Wines - All DOCG & DOC wines . Hallwag, Gräfe and Unzer, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-7742-0756-9 , p. 167 .
- Disciplinare di Produzione della Denominazione di Origine Controllata (production regulations and description). (PDF) In: ismeamercati.it. November 27, 2017, accessed August 10, 2018 (Italian).