St. Laurentius (Dittwar)
The Roman Catholic parish church of St. Laurentius (also Laurentiuskirche ) in Dittwar , a district of Tauberbischofsheim in the Main-Tauber district in Baden-Württemberg , was built as a Baroque church from 1753 to 1755 and is consecrated to St. Lawrence of Rome .
Christianity found its way into Dittwar in the time after St. Boniface , when he founded the diocese of Würzburg and inaugurated a church in the neighboring Tauberbischofsheim in 722. A short time later (around 725 to 735) he built a monastery there for his relative Lioba. Dittwar was first mentioned in a document around the year 1100 and it is assumed that the place was settled as an expansion site before the year 900. The Dittwar community therefore belonged initially to the diocese of Würzburg and from around the year 900 to the archdiocese of Mainz , because this affiliation is documented for the neighboring community of Tauberbischofsheim and the same may also apply to Dittwar.
The first independent parish
The time as a branch church
Origin of the pilgrimage to Kreuzhölzle
A deaf and dumb girl from Dittwar found two figures depicting Mary and John in an oak tree while collecting wood. As a result, a small altar was initially erected at the site. A pilgrimage to Kreuzhölzle has been documented since 1670 . In 1683 a cruciform chapel (also known as Kreuzhölzle ) was inaugurated at the site .
Reconstruction of the parish and new building of today's church
In 1702 a new parish was established in Dittwar. On April 28, 1746, the Vicar of Mainz declared the Deeimatoren zu Dittwar guilty of building a pr rate choir . In 1747 the parish received permission to print the first pilgrimage booklet on Kreuzhölzle from an episcopal commission. After the old church became dilapidated, the current church was rebuilt between 1753 and 1755. It is already the fourth recorded church in Dittwar; the first two were made of wood, the last two were stone buildings. A few years later, in 1759, the parish also built a way of the cross to Kreuzhölzle, which was inaugurated by the Tauberbischofsheim Franciscans .
It is recorded from 1899 that there was an incident in Dittwar during the service because the Hof-Steinbachers had been attending Sunday services in the Laurentius Church for a long time, although they belong to the parish of St. Vitus in Dittigheim .
In the period after the First World War , the Laurentiuskirche received new church bells . Of these, a bell from 1925 is still preserved today. After the Second World War , two more bells followed, which were cast in 1950 and have since formed a three-part ring.
The Laurentiuskirche is a stately plastered building with corner blocks and a curved volute gable. Instead of a tower, it has a roof turret above the main entrance.
Interior and equipment
The Laurentiuskirche in Dittwar has, among other things, several baroque portals and richly decorated wayside shrines . A Gothic sacrament niche from around 1500 made of red sandstone is set in the choir . Much of the equipment consists of decorative baroque. The former ceiling paintings were painted over.
A virtuoso high altar composition complements the furnishings. The image of the baroque high altar depicts the martyrdom of St. Lawrence. The nave of the church consists of a room with a three-sided choir and sloping side altars.
A three-part bell hangs in the tower. The bells 1 and 2 are from the year 1950 by the bell foundry of the brothers Rincker in mind . Bell 3 was cast in 1925 by the bell caster Störmer in Erfurt . The Te Deum motif sounds in the melody line . The bells are located in the middle above the entrance gable of the parish church. They hang in an old wooden bell chair in a so-called post chair construction.
|1||Rincker brothers, Sinn||1950||bronze||87.0||384||a 1 + 8|
|2||Rincker brothers, Sinn||1950||bronze||73.0||227||c 2 + 7|
|3||Störmer, Erfurt||1925||bronze||68.0||d 2 + 3|
In the granary of the church there is an old mechanical clockwork . The church tower is covered on one side with a dial . Bells 1 and 2 are integrated into the chime: Bell 2 strikes the quarter-hour and bell 1 strikes the hour.
The following pastors and pastors have been active since the reconstruction of the Dittwar parish in 1702:
|1703-1735:||Johannes Frank; he died at the age of 63|
|1736-1742:||Johannes Grübler; 32 years old|
|1742–1754:||Johannes Reuss; the builder of the new St. Laurentius Church in the years 1953–54|
|1817-1818:||Andreas Schuman; Parish administrator|
|1818-1818:||Karl Kieser; Pastor of the parish of St. Vitus in Heckfeld; Administrator|
|1828–1829:||Georg Sissek; Pastor of the parish of St. Peter and Paul in Gissigheim ; Administrator|
|1828–1829:||Adam Geissler; Administrator|
|1854-1854:||Proud, parish administrator from Heckfeld|
|1924–1925:||Hermann Wetzel ( Chaplain ), Aloys Less (Chaplain)|
Catholic church choir Dittwar
The municipality operates as part of the liturgy of the Catholic Church Choir Dittwar . The church choir has existed since at least 1890, as individual choir singers were named on October 25, 1926 for membership since that year. The choir may have existed before 1890. The number of choir members developed as follows in the 20th and 21st centuries: 1922 (approx. 25 members), 1926 (27, including 12 men and 15 women), 1980 (approx. 25), 1990 (approx. 35), 2016 (18).
Catholic youth club Carawanse Dittwar
The parish of St. Laurentius maintains the Catholic Youth Club (KJC) Carawanse Dittwar as a sponsor for church youth work. This was founded on October 25, 1979. The Carawanse maintains an open youth center below the kindergarten for the care of young people. Your work is politically independent, neutral and non-denominational.
- Manfred Maninger: Chronicle of the community Dittwar. Heimat- und Kulturverein Dittwar e. V., accessed on June 22, 2015 (published 1968, made available online by Heimat- und Kulturverein Dittwar e.V.).
- Franz Gehrig : Das Kreuzhölzle: Chapel - Way of the Cross - Pilgrimage to Dittwar; today: Tauberbischofsheim-Dittwar. Catholic parish of St. Laurentius Dittwar, Dittwar 1982.
- Rudi Walz: Pilgrimage to Kreuzhölzle Dittwar. Catholic parish of St. Laurentius Dittwar, Dittwar 1984.
- Pastor Kleemann: Festschrift - home book for the anniversary 300 years Kreuzkapelle Dittwar. Parish of St. Laurentius Dittwar, StieberDruck, Lauda 1983.
- Pilgrimage booklet to Dittwar. St. Laurentius, Dittwar 1831.
- The Laurentiuskirche Dittwar on the website of the pastoral care unit Tauberbischofsheim.
- History of the parish in the Dittwarer Ortschronik (under the heading A. General part, 3rd parish ) on the website of the Heimat- und Kulturverein Dittwar.
- Pilgrimage to Kreuzhölzle in the parish of St. Laurentius (1) and (2) on the website of the Heimat- und Kulturverein Dittwar.
- Pilgrimage to Kreuzhölzle on the website of the pastoral care unit Tauberbischofsheim
- Franz Gehrig: Das Kreuzhölzle: Chapel - Way of the Cross - Pilgrimage to Dittwar; today: Tauberbischofsheim-Dittwar. Catholic parish of St. Laurentius Dittwar, Dittwar 1982, p. 18.
- Pastoral care unit Tauberbischofsheim: Laurentiuskirche . Online at www.kath-kirche-tbb.de. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- Manfred Maninger: Chronicle of the community Dittwar, 1968 . Hrsg. Heimat- und Kulturverein Dittwar e. V. Online at www.hkvdittwar.de. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- LEO-BW.de .: Dittwar, Altgemeinde / Teilort . Online at www.leo-bw.de. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
- City of Tauberbischofsheim: The districts of the district town of Tauberbischofsheim. ( Memento of the original from August 1, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Online at www.tauberbischofsheim.de. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- Heimat- und Kulturverein Dittwar e. V .: Pilgrimage to Kreuzhölzle . Online at www.hkvdittwar.de. Retrieved October 14, 2014.
- Franz Gehrig: Das Kreuzhölzle: Chapel - Way of the Cross - Pilgrimage to Dittwar; today: Tauberbischofsheim-Dittwar. Katholische Pfarrgemeinde St. Laurentius Dittwar, Dittwar 1982, p. 33 (The pastors of Dittwar after the new parish was established in 1702).
- LEO-BW.de: St. Laurentius (Laurentiusstraße 6, Tauberbischofsheim) . Online at www.leo-bw.de. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
- Elmar Weiss: Dittigheim. History of an old settlement in the Taubertal. Interest group Heimatbuch Dittigheim, Tauberbischofsheim 1987, , pp. 253–255.
- Dittwar Catholic Church Choir: partial copy of August 25, 2004 by Elvira Schmitt, Secretary, Dittwar Church Choir: Part 1.) Second appeal by cathedral bandering W. Weitzel, cathedral organist, to all Catholic organists in Baden and Hohenzollern (questions and answers), Freiburg, October 25, 1926; Part 2.) Association statistics from January 1, 1922 . (JPG) August 25, 2004. Online at www.directupload.net. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
- Archdiocese of Freiburg: Catholic parish church St. Laurentius in Tauberbischofsheim-Dittwar . Online at www.ebfr-glocken.de. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- Deanery Tauberbischofsheim: Pastoral conception of the Deanery Tauberbischofsheim . (PDF, 1.3 MB). Resolution of July 21, 2011. Online at www.kath-dekanat-tbb.de. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
- Deanery Tauberbischofsheim: Pastoral care units of the Deanery Tauberbischofsheim . Online at www.kath-dekanat-tbb.de. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
- Die-Orgelseite.de: Dittwar. St. Laurence . Online at www.die-orgelseite.de. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- Council Stuttgart (Ed.): List of architectural and art monuments as of February 15, 2012.
- St Laurentius Laurentiusstraße 6 Tauberbischofsheim - detail page - LEO-BW. In: leo-bw.de. Retrieved May 16, 2020 .
- City of Tauberbischofsheim: Dittwar Catholic Church Choir ( Memento of the original from November 9, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . online at www.tauberbischofsheim.de. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
- Notes and information from the honorary conductor Linus Hönninger, choirmaster from 1980–2010 and 2012–2014, Dittwar church choir.
- KJC Carawanse Dittwar: Chronicle ( Memento of the original from October 24, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Online at www.kjc-carawanse.de. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- KJC Carawanse Dittwar: Articles of Association ( Memento of the original from October 24, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . March 17, 2002. Online at www.kjc-carawanse.de. Retrieved June 22, 2015.