|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Moravskoslezský kraj|
|Area :||3381 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||24,438 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||737 01|
Žilina – Bohumín
Frýdek-Místek – Český Těšín,
Český Těšín – Ostrava
|Mayor :||Gabriela Hřebačková (as of 2018)|
|Address:||náměstí ČSA 1/1
737 01 Český Těšín 1
German Czech-Teschen , Polish Czeski Cieszyn ), is a city in the Czech Republic . It is located in the Karwin district of the Moravian-Silesian region and is the part of the Czech-Polish twin town of Český Těšín / Cieszyn ( German Cieszyn ) and has around 26,000 inhabitants.Český Těšín , (
The city is located in the Silesian Foothills, a northern foothill of the Beskids . Both mountain ranges are in the western part of the Carpathian Mountains . Český Těšín is a border town with Poland , there are three bridges with border crossings to the Polish district of Cieszyn. The border is formed by the Olsa (Olše) tributary of the Oder , into which the Ropičanka flows on the southern outskirts . As it is located on a direct route between the major cities of Brno and Krakow , the city has good transport connections. Trunk roads and railway lines connect them with the neighboring cities of Ostrava and Frýdek-Místek , and the European route 75 leads to nearby Slovakia .
The city of Teschen was originally the residence of the Duchy of Teschen and from 1742 belonged to Austrian Silesia . After Cieszyn and the surrounding Olsagebiet 1920 by the victorious powers of World War between Poland and in 1918 the newly formed Czechoslovakia were divided along the Olsa, the suburb Teschens located on the western shore Olsa came as Český Těšín to Czechoslovakia. Two days after the conclusion of the Munich Agreement , Polish troops occupied Český Těšín on October 2, 1938 and united the city under the name of Cieszyn, which now belonged to Poland. After Poland was occupied by Germany in 1939, the entire city came under its German name Teschen to the province of Silesia and became a district town in the district of Teschen . After the end of the war, the division of the city was restored. A final agreement between Czechoslovakia and the People's Republic of Poland on the border course before January 1, 1938 was not reached until June 2, 1958.
- town hall
- Catholic Herz-Jesu-Kirche ( neo-Gothic , 19th century)
- Schomre Schabos synagogue (1928)
- Jewish Cemetery
- Evangelical Church (1932)
- High school (1932)
- Museum Teschen
- Library Teschen
- Swedish chapel ( early baroque ) in the Mosty district
sons and daughters of the town
- Walter Broßmann (1882–1948), Austrian architect
- Terry Haass (1923–2016), French painter and graphic artist of Czech descent
- Jaromír Hanzlík (* 1948), Czech actor
- Josef Koždoň (1873–1949), mayor 1923–1938
- Dieter Massin (* 1940), sports official
- Adam Mendrek (* 1995), badminton player
- Hugo Schenk (1849–1884), impostor and serial killer
- Viktor Ullmann (1898–1944), composer of Jewish descent, murdered in Auschwitz concentration camp on October 18, 1944
- František Vláčil (1924–1999), Czech film director
- Karl August Müller: Patriotic images, or history and description of all castles and knight palaces in Silesia and the county of Glatz. 2nd Edition. Verlag Carl Flemming, Glogau 1844, pp. 193–195 ( scan in Google book search).
- Albin Heinrich: Attempt on the history of the Duchy of Teschen from the oldest to the present time. Th. Prochaska, Teschen 1818 ( scan in Google book search).
- Gottlieb Biermann : History of the Duchy of Teschen. Verlag Karl Prochaska, Teschen 1863 ( scan in Google book search).
- Moritz Landwehr von Pragenau: History of the city of Teschen (= sources and representations on Silesian history. Volume 18). Edited by Walter Kuhn . Holzner, Würzburg 1976, (bibliography, pp. 133-139) ( limited preview in the Google book search).
- Official website of the city of Český Těšín. In: tesin.cz (Czech)
- Muzeum Śląska Cieszyńskiego w Cieszynie (Museum of Silesian Teschen in Cieszyn). In: muzeumcieszyn.pl (Polish)
- History of the city of Teschen / Cieszyn. (No longer available online.) In: home.arcor-online.de/adam.wladyka. Archived from the original on June 24, 2016 .
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- An (almost) forgotten conflict. The Polish-Czechoslovak border war in 1919 ( Memento from February 2, 2006 in the Internet Archive ). In: mdr.de, last updated on February 3, 2004, accessed on June 6, 2016 (illustration includes the occupation by Poland in 1938 and the events up to the unification in 1958).