|Canton :||Aargau (AG)|
|District :||to bathe|
|Residential municipality :||to bathe|
|Postal code :||5405|
Motorway exit Baden-West, in the background the Segelhof district
Dättwil is a village in the canton of Aargau in Switzerland . It lies on a lateral moraine between the Reuss valley and the western slope of the Heitersberg . From 1804 Dättwil formed an independent community with the three exclaves Münzlishausen, Rütihof and Segelhof . Dättwil has been part of the city of Baden since 1962 . In 2017 the village had almost 3,500 inhabitants and is the location of numerous industrial and commercial enterprises. There has been enormous construction activity in Dättwil over the past few decades. Dättwil should not be confused with the homophonic district of Dätwil in the municipality of Adlikon near Andelfingen in the canton of Zurich.
The area around Dättwil was probably already settled during the Bronze Age, as an ax found during excavations in 1924 shows. Around the 9th century Alemannic settlers cleared the forest and settled. Tetwiler was first mentioned in a document in 924. The place, consisting of four courtyards, served as a dinging site from the 12th century . The blood jurisdiction lay with the respective sovereigns; These were initially the Counts of Lenzburg , from 1173 the Counts of Kyburg and from 1273 the Habsburgs .
In 1351 Zurich troops moved through the Ostaargau. Their plan to take the city of Baden failed. But they burned down the baths and sacked the surrounding villages. In the battle of Dättwil they were able to fight their way back against Habsburg troops and bring the booty to safety. In 1415, the Swiss conquered Aargau and Dättwil was henceforth in the county of Baden , a common rule . The county gallows stood near the village . The farmers in Rütihof and Münzlishausen, who did not belong to any village community, were also subordinate to the Meier in Dättwil . The forest around Dättwil was exclusively owned by the city of Baden.
In 1740 two Reformed farming families settled in Dättwil, which had remained Catholic. They formed the beginning of the Reformed parish of Baden (Reformed people were only allowed to settle freely in Baden from 1798, although a Reformed church building had existed there since 1714 ). The authorities of France used Helvetic Republic created on May 17, 1798 from Dättwil, Rütihof, Segelhof and Münzlishausen the municipality Dättwil that are not interconnected four areas was (see map).
After the mediation act came into force, the municipal councils had to be elected in all Aargau municipalities in August 1803. Only in Dättwil was there no election, as the places had quarreled among themselves and were aiming for a union with Baden. After several failed attempts at mediation, the Small Council ordered the merger of Dättwils and the three exclaves into an independent community on September 12, 1804. Inadvertently, the hamlet of Muntwil and the Eschenbach farm had also been added to the new municipality, although they actually belonged to Birmenstorf ; this error was corrected in early 1805. Only after massive pressure from the small council did the community of Dättwil elect the first local council on December 9, 1805. In the decades that followed, the municipality, which was split into four parts, grew only slowly, which was not changed much by the opening of the Swiss National Railway in 1877. In 1805 the population was 229; by 1960 it rose to 604 (a little more than half of that in Rütihof).
From the 1940s there were efforts to incorporate Dättwil into Baden. In 1959, the Baden City Council received the Municipal Assembly instructed to draw up an agreement. The municipal assembly of Baden approved the merger agreement with a clear majority, in the entire municipality of Dättwil there was a majority of 96 to 32 votes. However, the approval varied greatly: While there were almost no votes against in the districts of Münzlishausen and Rütihof, a slim majority in the largest district of Dättwil spoke out against it and was consequently outvoted. After the result was formally confirmed by the Grand Council , the merger took place on January 1, 1962.
The motivation for the merger was the resulting structural development opportunities, especially on Baden's side. The later growth of the city then took place almost exclusively in the incorporated districts. In 1967 the research center of what was then Brown, Boveri & Cie. and in 1978 the cantonal hospital in Dättwil . Aided by the opening of the motorway in 1970, several new residential areas were built and the number of inhabitants multiplied.
The largest employer is the Baden Cantonal Hospital . Dättwil is home to the extensive Täfern industrial and commercial zone , which, in addition to the city center located three kilometers to the northeast, forms one of two economic hot spots in Baden. The Swiss branches of Oracle and Brother are located here . Segelhof is the location of the research center of the electrical engineering group ABB .
Dättwil is located at the west portal of the Baregg Tunnel and has been linked to the A1 motorway between Zurich and Bern via the Baden West connection since 1970 . The main roads from Baden to Lenzburg and Bremgarten also lead through the village . These good transport connections and the proximity to Zurich are reasons for the strong growth of Dättwil since the 1970s.
Public transport is served by several bus lines: Lines 6 and 7 of the RVBW connect the village with Baden, Birmenstorf and Rütihof. Post bus lines also run from Baden train station to Bremgarten (via Stetten or Mellingen ), Mägenwil and Berikon - Widen . On weekends there is a night bus from Baden via Dättwil and Mellingen to Bremgarten. From 1877 to 2004 Dättwil owned a train station on the Zofingen –Lenzburg– Wettingen – Winterthur railway line ; Passenger traffic was given up, and freight traffic has been sporadic since then.
- Ambros Speiser (1922–2003), first head of research at Brown, Boveri & Cie. (BBC, now ABB). Planned and developed the new Segelhof research center in Dättwil.
- Salvatore Mainardi (* 1954), painter and graphic artist, lives in Dättwil
- Andreas Steigmeier : Dättwil. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Fabian Furter, Bruno Meier , Andrea Schaer, Ruth Wiederkehr: City history of Baden . here + now , Baden 2015, ISBN 978-3-03919-341-7 .
- Otto Mittler : History of the City of Baden . tape 1 - From the earliest times to around 1650. Sauerländer, Aarau 1962.
- Otto Mittler: History of the City of Baden . tape 2 - From 1650 to the present. Sauerländer, Aarau 1965.
- Archives: Dättwil community archive . City Archives Baden AG . 1773-2002. Signature: C. Link
- Dättwil village association
- Chronicle group Dättwil
- IG Dättwil
- Dättwil - Population 2017. Dättwil Chronicle Group, 2019, accessed on March 29, 2020 .
- Mittler, Volume 1, p. 15.
- Mittler, Volume 1, p. 62.
- Baden's satellite was founded three times ( memento from March 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), Chronikgruppe Dättwil
- Mittler, Volume 2, pp. 172-173.
- Furter et al .: Stadtgeschichte Baden. P. 277.
- Furter et al .: Stadtgeschichte Baden. Pp. 294-296.
- Salvatore Mainardi. In: Sikart , accessed January 20, 2016.
- Salvatore Mainardi in mainart.ch