|coat of arms||map|
|Kraj :||Banskobystrický kraj|
|Area :||68.088 km²|
|Residents :||14,545 (Dec 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||214 inhabitants per km²|
|Height :||400 m nm|
|Postal code :||962 11|
|Telephone code :||0 45|
|Geographic location :||48 ° 33 ' N , 19 ° 25' E|
|License plate :||DT|
|Kód obce :||518263|
|Community type :||city|
|Urban area structure:||8 districts|
|Administration (as of November 2018)|
|Mayor :||Ján Šufliarský|
|Address:||Mestský úrad Detva
962 12 Detva
|Statistics information on statistics.sk|
Detva (Hungarian Gyetva - until 1882 Dettva ) is a city in central Slovakia with 14,545 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019).
The city is located in the eastern part of the Zvolenská kotlina basin along the Detviansky brook at the confluence with the Slatina in the Podpoľanie region. The 68 km² municipal area includes not only the actual city but also parts of the surrounding area, which protrudes into the Poľana and Javorie mountains and contains a number of individual farms (Slovak regional lazy ). Outside of the built-up areas, two thirds of the municipal area is free or arable land, around a quarter is taken up by forests. The city center is at an altitude of 400 m nm and is 25 km from Zvolen , 40 km from Banská Bystrica and 220 km from Bratislava (road distance).
Detva consists of the following 8 districts:
- Detva - sídlisko
- Piešť I
- Piešť II
The following information relates to the straight line distance to the nearest town center, and the distances are commercially rounded to half a kilometer. Cities are highlighted in bold.
Dúbravy , Banská Bystrica
6 km, 28 km
Vígľaš , Zvolen
9.5 km, 21.5 km
Stožok , Krupina
Horný Tisovník , Veľký Krtíš
16.5 km, 39.5 km
Kriváň , Lučenec
4 km, 31.5 km
Despite a permanent settlement since the late Bronze Age and during the Celtic, Roman and Great Moravian periods, the last settlement before the modern re-establishment in the 10th or 11th century went under. The present place was founded in 1638 on the territory of the Vígľaš domain , probably as a result of the Wallachian colonization.
In 1787, Ján Vagáč founded the first known Brimsen dairy in what is now Slovakia. In 1811 the village became a market town with the right to hold four annual markets. Detva probably also received his coat of arms with the certificate. The municipality area used to be much larger: in 1804 the town of Detvianska Huta was spun off, followed in 1890/91 by today's town of Hriňová and in 1955 by the municipality of Kriváň together with today's municipality of Korytárky .
In 1869 Detva had 10,043 inhabitants, after the demerger of Hriňová in 1890 6,273 inhabitants. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the population was employed in agriculture, forestry, sheep breeding and small-scale factories. Despite this, great unemployment has forced many residents to move abroad. Until 1918 the place in Sohl County belonged to the Kingdom of Hungary and then came to Czechoslovakia or today Slovakia. During the Slovak National Uprising in World War II , the only partisan military parade took place here. After fighting, Detva was occupied by the Wehrmacht on October 24, 1944, whereupon there were uninterrupted heavy fighting with the partisans until they were with the help of the Soviet Army, the Czechoslovak Regiment in the Red Army and the Romanian Army on March 12, 1945 Detva could free.
In the 1950s, Detva experienced a major turnaround: in 1955 the Podpolianske strojárne machine plant was founded, which brought thousands of jobs to the city. In order to do justice to the population growth, prefabricated housing estates have been built since the 1960s. In 1965 city status was granted. In 1971 the city had 10,799 inhabitants, almost double the number compared to 1950 (5,728 inhabitants). In 1991 the city reached the 15,000-inhabitant limit.
The machine works suffered from economic problems in the 1990s and, as a privatized company, went bankrupt in 1997. Although the company, known as PPS Group since 2003, survived bankruptcy, it had to lay off the majority of its workers, which significantly increased unemployment. 1996 Detva became the seat of an Okres.
According to the 2011 census (15,046 inhabitants) and the 2001 census (15,122 inhabitants) in brackets, 13,092 Slovaks (2001: 14,534), 134 Roma (2001: 249), 70 Czechs (2001: 113), 24 Magyars ( 2001: 36) and others. No information is available for 1,671 inhabitants (2001: 172). According to denomination, 10,240 residents confessed to the Roman Catholic Church (2001: 11,800), 532 to the Evangelical Church AB (2001: 667) and, in smaller numbers, to others. 1,939 inhabitants declared themselves non-denominational (2001: 1,982) and no information is available for 2,101 inhabitants (2001: 503).
Sights and culture
The Roman Catholic Church of St. Francis of Assisi, built in 1803/04, which replaced an older church from 1664, reminds of the old village. Other sacred monuments are late baroque statues of Johann von Nepomuk and St. Florian. On the outskirts of the city as well as in the individual courtyards you can find examples of the typical regional architectural style.
In 1994 the folklore-oriented museum called Podpolianske múzeum was established in the city . However, Detva is best known for its pronounced folklore . The folk festival Folklórne slávnosti pod Poľanou has been taking place on the second weekend in July since 1966 , along with other festivals throughout the year. Folk items such as traditional costumes , fujara and wood carving are also part of popular culture.
The city of Detva can be reached by a junction from State Road 16 (Zvolen – Lučenec), and trains on the Salgótarján – Vrútky railway (section Zvolen – Fiľakovo) stop at the station on the southern edge of the city. The nearest airport is in Sliač . A 10.4 km long section of the R2 expressway ( E 58 , E 571 ) was opened to traffic as a motorway on November 10, 2015, but is not connected to the connected network until further notice.
- ↑ 2011 census by ethnicity and 2011 census by denomination ( Memento from February 3, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Demography of the city of Detva