City of Groß-Gerau
|Height :||88 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||14.79 km²|
|Residents :||4644 (June 30, 2017)|
|Population density :||314 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 1977|
|Postal code :||64521|
|Area code :||06152|
Ev. Church "St. Michael" in the town center (2016)
The oldest surviving mention of Dornheim - as Thornheim - can be found for the year 779 in the Lorsch Codex : A Uoda donated her inherited property in Dornheim and other places to the Lorsch Monastery for her salvation .
In historical documents Dornheim can be found in the following centuries with the following spellings: Thorheimono, in terminis (818), Dornheim, villa (1184), Dornheym (1327) and Dornheim (1327).
Eberbach Monastery, which is very wealthy in the area , maintained a large farmyard in Dornheim, the Riedhäuserhof, mentioned in 1159 as Villa Rihusen . The Counts of Katzenelnbogen , Kurmainz and Kurpfalz are named as other landowners in Dornheim .
Dornheim local nobility has been known since the 12th century. Until it was pledged to Count Diether V von Katzenelnbogen by Wilhelm von Holland in 1249, Dornheim was an imperial village , and the residents were exempt from compulsory labor.
In 1479 the Counts of Katzenelnbogen died out. The Landgraves of Hesse were heirs .
Early modern age
The first court seal , later the template for the coat of arms, was introduced in 1543.
When the Landgraviate of Hesse was divided under the heirs of Philip the Magnanimous in 1567, Dornheim came to the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt . Even its first regent, Georg I , caused the Landrecht collection of the Upper County of Katzenelnbogen , compiled by his Chancellor, Johann Kleinschmidt , to become legally binding there. She was in Dornheim as a particular law , subsidiary supplemented by the Common Law , to the end of the 19th century. It was not until January 1, 1900, when the Civil Code , which was uniformly valid throughout the German Reich , that the old particular law was suspended.
The statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse reports on Dornheim in 1829:
»Dornheim (L. Bez. Dornberg) Lutheran parish village; is located on the old Nekar bed, 3 ⁄ 4 St. from Dornberg, has a beautiful church, 138 houses and 932 inhabitants, all of which are Lutheran except for 5 Catholics, 7 Mennonites and 53 Jews. There are peat graves here. - Dornheim used to be an imperial village, which King Wilhelm pledged to Count Diether von Katzenellenbogen in 1248, which pledge was not redeemed. The parish probably owes its origin to the old Wetterau Counts of Nuringen. Before the Reformation, Dornheim had 2 churches. The main church was in front of the place and burned down by a ray of weather. The other was in the village and became the main church after the fire of the former. In 1597 a larger one was built in its place. "
Official system before 1821
In 1806 the Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt became the Grand Duchy of Hessen . Here Dornheim was in the province of Starkenburg . In the course of the administrative reform of 1821, the old offices were dissolved, district councils were set up for administrative tasks on the lower level and district courts were set up for the first instance jurisdiction.
Administration after 1821
The Dornberg district council was now responsible for the higher-level administration in Dornheim . In 1832 the administrative units in the Grand Duchy were further enlarged and districts were created. This brought Dornheim to the Groß-Gerau district. The provinces, the counties and the administrative districts of the Grand Duchy were abolished on July 31, 1848 and replaced by administrative districts, but this was reversed on May 12, 1852. As a result, Dornheim belonged to the Darmstadt administrative district between 1848 and 1852 before the Groß-Gerau district was again responsible for the higher-level administration. The place remained there until today through all further administrative reforms. In the course of administrative reform in Hesse municipalities Dornheim, Wallerstädten and Gross-Gerau were on 1 January 1977 the new city Gross-Gerau together . Local districts were not formed.
In the Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt, the judicial system of the two higher authorities was reorganized with an executive order of December 9, 1803. The offices remained the first instance of justice in civil matters . For the Principality of Starkenburg , the “Hofgericht Darmstadt” was set up as a court of second instance for civil matters. In the first instance it was also responsible for civil family law and criminal matters . The higher appeal court in Darmstadt was superordinate to it .
With the administrative reform of 1821, courts in the Grand Duchy of Hesse were also created at the lowest level, which were independent of the administration. The district court Großgerau was now locally responsible for Dornheim . With the reform of the Reich judiciary , which took effect on October 1, 1879, it was renamed " Groß-Gerau District Court ".
Territorial history and administration
The following list lists the administrative units to which Dornheim belonged:
- before 1249: Holy Roman Empire (empire-free village)
- from 1249: Holy Roman Empire, County Katzenelnbogen , Upper County Katzenelnbogen , Amt Dornberg
- from 1479: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate of Hesse , Upper County of Katzenelnbogen, Office of Dornberg
- from 1567: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt , Upper County of Katzenelnbogen, Amt Dornberg
- from 1803: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Darmstadt, Principality of Starkenburg , Dornberg Office
- from 1806: Grand Duchy of Hesse , Principality of Starkenburg, Dornberg Office
- from 1816: Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Starkenburg , Dornberg Office
- from 1821: Grand Duchy of Hesse, Starkenburg Province, Dornberg District District (separation between the judiciary ( Groß-Gerau District Court ) and administration)
- from 1832: Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Starkenburg, Groß-Gerau district
- from 1848: Grand Duchy of Hesse, Darmstadt administrative district
- from 1852: Grand Duchy of Hesse, Starkenburg Province, Groß-Gerau district
- from 1871: German Empire , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Starkenburg Province, Groß-Gerau district
- from 1918: German Empire, People's State of Hesse , Starkenburg Province, Groß-Gerau district
- from 1938: German Empire, People's State of Hesse, Groß-Gerau district
- from 1945: American occupation zone , Greater Hesse , Darmstadt administrative district, Gross-Gerau district
- from 1949: Federal Republic of Germany , State of Hesse , Darmstadt district, Groß-Gerau district
- from 1977: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, administrative district Darmstadt, district Groß-Gerau, city Groß-Gerau
|• 1629:||121 house seats|
|• 1791:||764 inhabitants|
|• 1800:||756 inhabitants|
|• 1806:||836 inhabitants, 124 houses|
|• 1829:||932 inhabitants, 138 houses|
|• 1867:||1220 inhabitants, 185 houses|
|Dornheim: Population from 1791 to 2017|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources:; 2011 census ; after 2011 website Groß-Gerau (web archive)
|• 1829:||867 Lutheran (= 93.03%), 7 Mennonite (= 0.75%), 52 Jewish (= 5.79%) and 5 Catholic (= 0.54%) residents|
|• 1961:||2107 (= 82.69%) Protestant , 390 (= 15.31%) Roman Catholic residents|
Culture and sights
In 2016 Dornheim took part again in the " The circle rolls " campaign , which takes place every two years . The bicycle route ran right through the town, the B44 was closed to car traffic. Many associations and institutions took part with stands and exhibitions. Dornheim had already participated in 2012.
- The Dornheim youth club is an integral part of the municipal youth work in the district town of Groß-Gerau.
- The sports community Dornheim 1886 e. V. (SG Dornheim) is an important institution of the place and offers a field of activity for young and old in the sports badminton, soccer, handball, tennis, table tennis, gymnastics, hiking, as well as in dance and winter sports. The soccer department of SG Dornheim plays in the district league A Groß-Gerau.
- Cycling & Rolling Club "Frisch Auf" 1908 eV Cycling touring, art cycling in the Dreifeldhalle in Dornheim.
- Dornheim has its own local DRK association , which was founded in 1930 as ASB Dornheim. The members of the local association do voluntary work and a. for blood donation campaigns , medical services, disaster control and emergency calls.
- The listed "old school" in the center of the village is now home to several institutions and associations such as B. the DRK Dornheim, the youth club, the choir community, the crawling group "Millipedes" and a world shop.
- The Riedhalle is the meeting point for numerous cultural events, including a. Dance classes and proms, carnival sessions and curb, craft markets and blood donation appointments.
Dornheim is also on the Mannheim – Frankfurt am Main railway line (“Riedbahn”). There is the former train station and today's stop at Groß Gerau-Dornheim. Its entrance building is a type building from 1905 in neo-baroque forms. It is a cultural monument due to the Hessian Monument Protection Act . The stop serves the S-Bahn line S7 of the S-Bahn Rhein-Main .
- Karl Heumann (1804–1876), member of the state parliament and pastor in Dornheim from 1850 to 1876.
- Heiner Kappel (* 1938), politician; born in Dornheim
- Lothar Skala (1952–2008), former Bundesliga player ( Kickers Offenbach , Eintracht Frankfurt ), former youth player of SG Dornheim 1886 e. V.
- Ralf Raps (* 1960), former Bundesliga soccer player ( Eintracht Frankfurt , Hannover 96 ), former youth player of SG Dornheim 1886 e. V.
- Marcel Jüngling (* 1996) artistic cyclist, RRV Dornheim, Vieze European Champion Juniors 2014, Vice European Champion Elite, 2018, Vice World Champion Elite 2019.
- Dornheim's story ( Memento from September 7, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) In: Private Website.
- History and districts In: Groß-Gerau website.
- Dornheim, district of Groß-Gerau. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- In the course of the regional reform in 1938 , the three Hessian provinces of Starkenburg, Rheinhessen and Upper Hesse were dissolved.
- Dornheim, Groß-Gerau district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of October 16, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Groß-Gerau in numbers. In: website. City of Groß-Gerau, archived from the original ; accessed in March 2019 .
- Minst, Karl Josef [transl.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 2), Document 198, June 30, 779 - Reg. 1538. In: Heidelberger historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 25 , accessed on March 8, 2016 .
- Georg Wilhelm Justin Wagner : Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Starkenburg . tape 1 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt October 1829, OCLC 312528080 , p. 55 ( online at google books ).
- Erhard Nietzschmann: The free in the country. Former German imperial villages and their coats of arms. Melchior, Wolfenbüttel 2013, ISBN 978-3-944289-16-8 , p. 25.
- Arthur Benno Schmidt : The historical foundations of civil law in the Grand Duchy of Hesse . Curt von Münchow, Giessen 1893, p. 108f. and enclosed card.
- Ordinance on the division of the country into districts and district courts of July 14, 1821 . In: Hessisches Regierungsblatt, p. 404.
- Law on the reorganization of the district of Groß-Gerau (GVBl. II 314–32 §3) of July 26, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 22 , p. 314 ff . ( Online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 1.5 MB ]).
- Ordinance on the division of the country into districts and district courts of July 14, 1821 . In: Hessisches Regierungsblatt, p. 404.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 1 . Darmstadt 1866, p. 43 ff . ( online at Google Books ).
- List of offices, places, houses, population. (1806) HStAD inventory E 8 A No. 352/4. In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen), as of February 6, 1806.
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1791 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1791, p. 121 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1800 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1800, p. 120 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Ph. AF Walther : Alphabetical index of the residential places in the Grand Duchy of Hesse . G. Jonghaus, Darmstadt 1869, OCLC 162355422 , p. 22 ( online at google books ).
- Selected data on population and households on May 9, 2011 in the Hessian municipalities and parts of the municipality. In: 2011 census . Hessian State Statistical Office
- Groß-Gerau in numbers. In: website. City of Groß-Gerau, archived from the original ; accessed in March 2019 (values from web archive).
- A day of rest in Dornheim. FNP , May 4, 2016, accessed December 4, 2018 .
- Fourth edition of "Der Kreis rollst" on May 27, 2018. VRM , July 26, 2017, accessed on December 4, 2018 .
- Heinz Schomann : Railway in Hessen . Railway buildings and routes 1839–1939. In: State Office for Monument Preservation Hessen (Ed.): Cultural monuments in Hessen. Monument topography Federal Republic of Germany . Three volumes in a slipcase. tape 2.1 . Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-8062-1917-6 , p. 351 ff . (Route 020). P. 358.