Eberstein (Carinthia)

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market community
coat of arms Austria map
Coat of arms of Eberstein
Eberstein (Carinthia) (Austria)
Eberstein (Carinthia)
Basic data
Country: Austria
State : Carinthia
Political District : Sankt Veit an der Glan
License plate : SV
Surface: 65.17 km²
Coordinates : 46 ° 48 '  N , 14 ° 34'  E Coordinates: 46 ° 48 '29 "  N , 14 ° 33' 36"  E
Height : 580  m above sea level A.
Residents : 1,229 (January 1, 2020)
Population density : 19 inhabitants per km²
Postal code : 9372
Area code : 0 42 64
Community code : 2 05 04
Address of the
municipal administration:
Unterer Platz 1
9372 Eberstein
Website: www.eberstein.at
Mayor : Andreas Grabuschnig ( ÖVP )
Municipal Council : ( 2015 )
(15 members)
A total of 15 seats
Location of Eberstein in the Sankt Veit an der Glan district
Althofen Brückl Deutsch-Griffen Eberstein Frauenstein Friesach Glödnitz Gurk Guttaring Hüttenberg (Kärnten) Kappel am Krappfeld Klein Sankt Paul Liebenfels Metnitz Micheldorf Mölbling Sankt Georgen am Längsee Sankt Veit an der Glan Straßburg Weitensfeld im Gurktal KärntenLocation of the municipality of Eberstein (Carinthia) in the Sankt Veit an der Glan district (clickable map)
About this picture
Template: Infobox municipality in Austria / maintenance / site plan image map
Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria

Eberstein (Slovenian Svinec ) is a market town with 1229 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in the Sankt Veit district in Carinthia .

Geography: location and municipality structure

The community is located in the middle Görtschitztal at the foot of the Saualpe . It is part of the Noric region .

The community is divided into nine cadastral communities (Baumgarten, Gutschen, Hochfeistritz, Kaltenberg, Kulm, Mirnig, Rüggen, St. Oswald, St. Walburgen). The municipality includes the following ten localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):

  • Baumgarten (6)
  • Eberstein (Svinec) (684)
  • Gutschen (45)
  • Hochfeistritz (73) including Aich
  • Kaltenberg (33)
  • Kulm (18)
  • Mirnig (30)
  • Ruegen (0)
  • St. Oswald (89)
  • St. Walburgen (251) including Micheldorf
Former gallows in Gutschen


Finds show that today's municipal area was already settled in Roman times. For example, Roman gravestones from the 2nd century AD are embedded in the facade of Eberstein Castle. Finds of Roman milestones show that from Hüttenberg through the Görtschitztal and thus through the current municipality of Eberstein, a side road led to the transport of Noric iron ( Ferrum Noricum ), which was important for the Roman Empire .

Hocheberstein Castle was built in the 11th century and the village of Eberstein was founded to supply the castle. Today's Eberstein Castle was first mentioned in a document in the 12th century as a lower castle. Their owners, servants of the Counts of Görz-Tirol , were first mentioned in 1152. The Lords of Eberstein died out in 1457, their inheritance came to Moritz Welzer, who thus founded the politically important Carinthian branch of the family. In the course of the Counter Reformation they emigrated to German regions, so that in 1630 the castle and rule were passed to the Counts Christalnigg.

The place, which was already designated as a market in 1474, gained importance from the late Middle Ages through hammer mills that were supplied with ore from Hüttenberg and Lölling by Count Christalnigg from the 17th century . The iron processing was stopped at the end of the 19th century, the iron mining on the Hüttenberger Erzberg not until 1978.

The local community formed in 1850 was joined by the community of Hochfeistritz in 1871 and the cadastral community of St. Walburgen in 1887. The right to use the designation market municipality was confirmed to Eberstein in 1956.

During the German occupation of Austria in World War II , the community's Jehovah's Witnesses were persecuted: Leonhard Rutter was deported to the Dachau concentration camp as a conscientious objector and was killed there, Johann Obweger jun. was deported to the Dachau concentration camp, Johann Obweger sen. and Franz Obweger were imprisoned. Furthermore, Hermine Obweger came to a re-education center in Waiern / Feldkirchen because her parents refused to bring her up according to National Socialist principles.


Population development

The municipality had a slightly positive birth balance from 1981 to 1991 and also until 2001 , but the migration balance was so badly negative that the total population decreased. Both balances have been negative since 2011, the birth balance at −84 significantly stronger than the migration balance at −4.

Citizenship, Religion

According to the 2001 census, Eberstein had 1,505 inhabitants, 96.9% of whom were Austrian citizens. 88.0% of the population confessed to the Roman Catholic and 2.0% to the Protestant Church, 6.6% were without religious belief.

Culture and sights

Chapel with parish and pilgrimage church of Our Lady in Hochfeistritz
Parish church Heilige Walburga in Sankt Walburgen
  • Parish church Herz Jesu in Eberstein
  • Parish and pilgrimage church of Our Lady in Hochfeistritz (late Gothic fortified church)
  • Parish Church of St. Oswald in St. Oswald
  • Parish church of St. Walburga in St. Walburgen with a former Karner
  • Gothic branch church of St. Andreas in Mirnig
  • Georgskirche : Gothic castle church
  • Eberstein Castle
  • Gillitzstein ruins
  • Former blast furnace plant in Eberstein
  • Rock gate
The rock gate in the Gutschen district to the west of the train station served as a place of execution; the two pillars of the gallows not far from it have been preserved and are a listed building.
The chronicle in the Lachitzhof Valley Museum reports that on May 23, 1747, Philipp Lackner was hanged on a rope for stealing cattle.
On June 26, 1826, Barbara Schöffmann's cash was deposited at the Eberstein District Court. She was charged with child murder and is said to have been executed, for which there is no evidence.

Economy and Infrastructure

Eberstein with dolomite mining
Dolomite mining

In addition to agriculture and forestry , tourism is also of economic importance in the municipality , mostly in the summer as gentle tourism , with around 15,000 overnight stays (as of 2017) per year.

The dolomite , which is important for the extraction of gravel and gravel , has been mined directly above the village for centuries. In geological terms, this mountain is connected to the Kathreinkogel in Schiefling am Wörthersee , where dolomite was also broken out of the mountain.

The Carinthian Caritas Association operates the Anna nursing home in Eberstein with 49 nursing and care places in 34 single rooms and eight double rooms.


Municipal council

The municipal council consists of 15 members and has been composed as follows since the municipal council election in 2015 :

The directly elected mayor is Andreas Grabuschnig (ÖVP).

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the Lords of Eberstein is handed down on seals from 1319 and 1321. Emperor Friedrich III. after their extinction, awarded their coat of arms to Moritz Welzer von Eberstein in 1458, which at the time was described as being square in silver and red with a growing black boar as a crest. Since no crest is intended for the municipal coat of arms, the boar was inserted on a rock as a heart shield; it thus also fulfills the function of a "talking" coat of arms.

The heraldic description of the coat of arms reads: “Main shield quartered with red and silver. Middle shield: in gold on a black rock, a black, silver-armored, red-tongued boar facing to the right. "

The coat of arms and flag were awarded to the municipality on April 16, 1968. The flag is red-yellow-black with an incorporated coat of arms.


Web links

Commons : Eberstein  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Directory of place names ( memento of the original from December 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 146 kB), accessed February 27, 2014. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.volksgruppenbuero.at
  2. Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
  3. Gerti Malle: I am strong for everything through the one who gives me strength. Resistance and persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses during the Nazi era in Carinthia. Kitab, Klagenfurt, 2011.
  4. ^ Statistics Austria, A look into the community of Eberstein, population development. Retrieved February 14, 2019 .
  5. ^ Statistics Austria, A look at the community of Eberstein, overnight stays. (pdf) Retrieved June 23, 2019 .
  6. ^ Caritas Carinthia, Haus Anna nursing home. Retrieved June 23, 2019 .
  7. a b Office of the Carinthian Provincial Government ( Memento of the original from April 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed March 17, 2015 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.ktn.gv.at
  8. ^ Quoted from Wilhelm Deuer: The Carinthian municipal coat of arms . Verlag des Kärntner Landesarchiv, Klagenfurt 2006, ISBN 3-900531-64-1 , p. 78