|Nickname : The Golden Heart City|
Second Avenue in Fairbanks
|Location in Alaska|
|State :||United States|
|Borough :||Fairbanks North Star Borough|
|Coordinates :||64 ° 50 ′ N , 147 ° 43 ′ W|
|Time zone :||Alaska ( UTC − 9 / −8 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|31,535 (as of 2010)
|Population density :||382.2 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||84.6 km 2 (approx. 33 mi 2 ) of
which 82.5 km 2 (approx. 32 mi 2 ) are land
|Height :||136 m|
|Area code :||+1 907|
|GNIS ID :||1401958|
|Mayor :||Jim Matherly|
Map of downtown Fairbanks
Fairbanks is the second largest city in the US state of Alaska after Anchorage and the largest city in the Alaskan hinterland . Fairbanks is the administrative seat of the Fairbanks North Star Borough . The Chena River flows through the center of the city and flows into the Tanana River, which flows south of the city near the airport in the southwest . The United States Census Bureau estimated the population as of July 1, 2015 to be 32,325.
The city was founded in 1902 by gold diggers from Klondike and named after Charles W. Fairbanks , Senator from Indiana , later Vice President under Theodore Roosevelt . Fairbanks quickly became Alaska's second largest city. Fairbanks is the start or finish point (depending on the even or odd year) of the Yukon Quest .
During World War II, two were US - military bases built, one of which ( Fort Wainwright ) during the Cold War because of the proximity of Alaska to the Soviet Union caused nor for jobs in Fairbanks.
Between 1975 and 1977 Fairbanks organized the construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline .
The Pioneer Park (formerly Alaskaland ) is a park with museums and shops. It opened in 1967 in commemoration of the 1867 Alaska Purchase .
The Fountainhead Antique Auto Museum exhibits approx. 85 old automobiles, many of them built before 1920, tells the history of traffic development in Alaska and shows historical fashion.
Economy and Transport
Fairbanks has an international airport, Fairbanks International Airport ( IATA code FAI), about 5 km to the southwest. The distance between Fairbanks and Anchorage Airport is 423.2 kilometers. The Alaska Railroad , which leads via Anchorage to Seward , also ends in Fairbanks .
The paved George Parks Highway connects Fairbanks with Anchorage, the distance is 576.9 kilometers. In Fairbanks this merges into the also paved Richardson Highway , which ends in Valdez . The Richardson Highway connects Fairbanks with the Alaska Highway (also paved). North of Fairbanks, the gravel Dalton Highway leads to Prudhoe Bay ; it is 666 km long and was built in 1974.
Fairbanks is home to the University of Alaska Fairbanks , the main campus of the University of Alaska System . At the university is the Georgeson Botanical Garden , a botanical garden .
- Aix-les-Bains , France
- Erdenet , Mongolia
- Fanano , Italy
- Mo i Rana , Norway
- Mombetsu , Japan
- Pune , India
- Yakutsk , Russia
- Richland , USA
sons and daughters of the town
- Mike Stepovich (1919–2014), politician, Governor of the Alaska Territory from 1957 to 1958
- Jack Coghill (1925–2019), politician, Lieutenant Governor of the State of Alaska from 1990 to 1994
- Dan Sullivan (* 1951), politician and mayor of Anchorage from 2009 to 2015
- Bill Walker (* 1951), politician and governor of the state of Alaska since 2014
- Bonnie-Sue Hitchcock (* 1965), fisherwoman, writer
- Vivicagenaux (* 1969), opera singer
- Jarret Thomas (* 1981), snowboarder
- Kyle Bailey (born 1982), basketball player
- Chanel Preston (* 1985), porn actress and actress
- Reese Hanneman (* 1989), cross-country skier
- Rebecca Rorabaugh (* 1989), cross-country skier
- Logan Hanneman (* 1993), cross-country skier
- Alexander Hall (* 1998), freestyle skier
The lowest temperature ever recorded in Fairbanks is −54.4 ° C. This makes it the seventh coldest city in the world.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Fairbanks, Alaska
- Official website of the Georgeson Botanical Garden at the University of Alaska Fairbanks
- Fairbanks Convention and Visitors Bureau ( Memento March 7, 2008 on the Internet Archive ) - official tourist information office
- Greater Fairbanks Chamber of Commerce