district of Hamburg
|Residents||6852 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||867 inhabitants / km²|
|Source: Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein|
Lemsahl-Mellingstedt ( Low German : Leemsaal-Mellingsteed ) is a district of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg in the Wandsbek district ; Lemsahl-Mellingstedt belongs to the Alstertal-Walddörfer constituency for the election to the Hamburg citizenship and the district assembly . It is one of the forest villages .) (
Lemsahl, also written "Lehmsal" in old maps, goes back to the name for a loamy Sahl or Soll , a water hole without drainage . Specifically, it was a question of former brickworks that gradually filled with water. The name "Mellingstedt" refers to a Saxon settlement whose founder was called Madling or Melling.
Lemsahl-Mellingstedts was already settled in the Stone Age and Bronze Age , as the burial mounds on the edge of the Wittmoor indicate. Lemsahl and Mellingstedt were first mentioned in a document in 1271. A Hamburg citizen donated income from several villages for a vicarie at the Hamburg Cathedral of Mary, including income from "Mellinghestede and Lemsole". Four years later, the von Heynbroke brothers sold a hoof to the Harvestehude monastery in Mellingstedt and in 1276 confirmed that the von Haghen brothers “sold two hooves” to the same monastery. In 1271 the Hamburg cathedral chapter owned two hooves in Mellingstedt. Since the 15th century the two were settlements to the old sovereign Office Tremsbüttel. From 1693 Lemsahl and Mellingstedt came economically to the newly formed Tangstedt Chancellery , which had to do labor services until 1848 . Frequent and violent disputes between the farmers and the owners of Gut Tangstedt about the continued provision of manual and tension services, the compulsory labor, dragged on until 1876. Since 1876 the owners of Gut Tangstedt had to forego all manual and clamping services for good .
Lemsahl-Mellingstedt has had a primary school in Redderbarg since 1780, which celebrated its 225th anniversary in 2005. With 405 students and 24 teachers (June 2005) the Lemsahl-Mellingstedt primary school is one of the largest primary schools in the Walddörfer and Hamburg as a whole.
The brick and pottery associated with the Trilluper Hufe was of great importance in the second half of the 19th century. After the great Hamburg fire of 1842, many buildings were rebuilt using the yellow Trilluper bricks.
The previously Danish Duchy of Holstein was initially placed under Austrian administration after the attack by Prussia and Austria on the entire Danish state in 1864 and annexed by Prussia in 1867. The villages of Lemsahl and Mellingstedt were assigned to the Stormarn district within the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein (-Lauenburg). Since then Lemsahl and Mellingstedt have formed a village community . Nine years later Lemsahl and Mellingstedt became independent from the Tangstedt estate and in August 1876 they became free municipalities, in 1889 the municipality was assigned to the Tangstedt district in the Prussian district of Stormarn and finally attached to Hamburg in 1937 under the Greater Hamburg Act . The old village structures are still recognizable today. The farm on the high bank of the Alster developed into the Treudelberg estate . Heinrich Dreckmann, who ran the Habichtshof in Barmbek-Nord , acquired the farm in 1909 from the previous owner Eduard Henneberg in 1909 and transferred the management and in 1912 the ownership to his eldest son Hans Dreckmann . Today the buildings and the fields of the courtyard are used as a hotel and golf course.
Close to the Redderbarg elementary school is a memorial to commemorate the victims of World War 1 and 2 who moved out of Lemsahl-Mellingstedt.
|SPD||CDU||FDP||Green 1)||AfD||Left 2)||Rest|
|Citizenship election 2015||44.9%||23.1%||12.0%||9.2%||5.9%||3.2%||1.7%|
|State election 2011||45.7%||29.4%||11.3%||8.6%||-||1.3%||3.7%|
|2008 general election||24.3%||56.5%||6.4%||9.1%||-||2.2%||1.5%|
|2004 general election||23.0%||60.5%||3.2%||10.3%||-||-||3.0%|
|2001 general election||30.9%||34.7%||9.6%||7.0%||-||-||17.8% 3)|
|Citizenship election 1997||27.8%||41.0%||4.9%||13.5%||-||0.0%||12.8% 4)|
|Citizenship election 1993||30.0%||33.6%||6.5%||14.1%||-||-||15.8% 5)|
|Citizenship election 1991||35.4%||46.7%||9.4%||6.7%||-||0.2%||1.6%|
|Citizenship election 1987||31.2%||50.2%||12.2%||6.0%||-||-||0.4%|
|State election 1986||27.2%||54.5%||8.3%||9.4%||-||-||0.6%|
|State election December 1982||34.5%||50.2%||8.0%||7.0%||-||-||0.3%|
|May 1982 general election||29.2%||56.4%||6.8%||6.9%||-||-||0.7%|
|Citizenship election 1978||35.8%||52.4%||7.0%||2.5%||-||-||2.3%|
|State election 1974||31.8%||52.8%||12.9%||-||-||-||2.5%|
|State election 1970||43.9%||39.7%||11.9%||-||-||-||4.5%|
|City elections 1966||49.1%||37.2%||8.3%||-||-||-||5.4% 6)|
1) 1978 as a colorful list - defend yourself , 1982 to 2011 as Greens / GAL.
2) 1991 and 1997 as PDS / Linke Liste.
3) Including 16.7% for the Schill party .
4) Including 6.1% for the Instead of Party .
5) Including 8.8% for the Instead of Party.
6) Including 5.1% for the NPD
Population and religion
The population in Lemsahl-Mellingstedt is made up as follows (data from the North Statistics Office, as of December 2016):
- Total population: 6,917 people
- Minor rate: 19.4%, is above the Hamburg average of 16.2%.
- Share of households with children: 26.5%, well above the Hamburg average of 17.8%.
- Old age quota: 19.9%, is above the Hamburg average of 18.3%.
- Proportion of foreigners: 8.6%, is well below the Hamburg average of 16.7%.
- Share of benefit recipients according to SGBII (Hartz IV): 2.5%, is well below the Hamburg average of 10.3%
- Unemployment rate: 2.2%, well below the Hamburg average of 5.3%.
Lemsahl-Mellingstedt is one of the wealthy districts of Hamburg. The average annual income per taxpayer was around 75,191 euros in 2013 and is significantly higher than the Hamburg average (39,054 euros).
The Evangelical Lutheran parish Lemsahl-Mellingstedt was spun off from the Bergstedt parish in 1962. The Jubilate Church, a community center with a church hall, built in 1959/60 in the old village center of Lemsahl, was expanded in 1972/73 (architect: Brigitte Eckert von Holst) and in 1981 received a free-standing bell carrier.
The "Haus Trillup" in Sarenweg is a facility of the Hamburg BHH for the disabled for people with intellectual disabilities. 40 women and men live in six supervised apartments. The majority of the residents work in a workshop. The main house was built around 1895 as the " Trillup mansion ".
In addition, the “Heimatbund Lemsahl-Mellingstedt” with 732 members (2007) is Hamburg's second largest civic association, which in 2004 celebrated its 40th anniversary. In addition, the Lemsahl-Mellingstedt volunteer fire brigade from 1890 and the Lemsahler Sports Club are actively involved in shaping community life.
Culture and sights
In Lemsahl-Mellingstedt there is a burial mound from the Stone Age and Bronze Age on the edge of the Wittmoor and a memorial stone in memory of the Wittmoor concentration camp , which existed from March to October 1933 as the first concentration camp in Hamburg .
The Wittmoor is also to be regarded as a natural monument. It is a raised bog and was previously used for peat extraction. Now it is a nature reserve. On the embankment of the old Lorenbahn, a hiking trail leads through the renatured and dammed up moor.
The Lemsahler Sportverein from 1967 e. V., the " LSV ", initially had its premises and clubhouse between Huulkamp and Fiersbarg. In 2004, the new sports facility was opened at Eichelhäterkamp with a sports hall, squares and clubhouse. Football can be played on two courts (since 2015 one artificial turf and one small or 7-person natural turf field), tennis on four clay courts, and boules with four lanes. There is also the possibility of jazz dancing in the Redderbarg elementary school and there is the Treudelberg Golf Club.
Lemsahl-Mellingstedt is connected to the Hamburg public transport network by bus lines 176, 276 and 476 of the Hamburg Transport Association. In 1960 Hamburg planned to extend the S-Bahn from Poppenbüttel to Lemsahl-Mellingstedt. This plan was replaced in the zoning plan in 1973 by the idea of an extension of the S-Bahn to Bergstedt, as the planned building densifications in Lemsahl-Mellingstedt were withdrawn. These plans were also canceled.
Sons and daughters of Lemsahl-Mellingstedt
- Karen Duve (* 1961), writer
- Eva Habermann (* 1976), actress
- Charlotte Richter-Peill (* 1969), writer
- Alexander-Martin Sardina (* 1973), former Member of Parliament (CDU)
- Christiane Krüger (* 1945), actress
- Judith Rakers (* 1976), presenter and news anchor
- Henning Finck (* 1975), former member of the Bundestag (CDU)
- Patrick Bach (* 1968), actor
- Michael Freytag (* 1958), former Hamburg Senator (CDU)
- Alexander Zverev (* 1997), professional tennis player
- Paul Kettel , Oberalster Nature Park , Hamburg 1976, ISBN 3920610113
- Alf Schreyer, The Walddörfer then and now , Hamburg 1978, ISBN 3920610237
- List of streets and bridges in Hamburg-Lemsahl-Mellingstedt
- List of cultural monuments in Hamburg-Lemsahl-Mellingstedt
- List of stumbling blocks in Hamburg-Lemsahl-Mellingstedt
- Horst Beckershaus: The names of the Hamburg districts. Where do they come from and what they mean , Hamburg 2002, ISBN 3-434-52545-9 , p. 72
- Johann Delekta, from childhood and youth by Hans Dreckmann , in: The Barmbeker, No. 8/2010, pages 18/19.
- Statistics Office North, Hamburg District Profiles, reporting year 2016, pages 158–159; Data status December 31, 2016 (accessed February 8, 2018)
- District statistics (PDF file; 3.21 MB) of all Hamburg districts (as of 2013)